Xenona

Xenona (Xe)

54 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number54
Atomic Weight131.293
masa-zenbaki132
Group18
Period5
Blockp
protoi54 p+
neutroi78 n0
elektroi54 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Xe (Xenona)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
131 pm
Metallic Radius
Erradio ioniko
40 pm
Crystal Radius
54 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
216 pm
dentsitatea
0,005366 g/cm³

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
499,6 kJ/mol
Afinitate elektroniko
−0,056 eV/particle
ionizazio energia
12,1298431 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Xe (Xenona)
Irakite-entalpia
12,65 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
formazio entalpia estandarra
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 18, 8
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Xe (Xenona)
balentzia-elektroi8
Lewis egitura: Xe (Xenona)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Xe (Xenona)
Orbital Diagram of Xe (Xenona)
Oxidazio-egoera0, 2, 4, 6, 8
Elektronegatibotasun
2.6
Electrophilicity Index
1,4953590614035728 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraGas
materiaren egoera gaseosoMonoatomic
Boiling Point
165,051 K
Melting Point
161,4 K
critical pressure
5,842 MPa
critical temperature
289,733 K
Puntu hirukoitz
161,405 K
81,77 kPa
appearance
kolore
Colorless
appearancecolorless gas, exhibiting a blue glow when placed in a high voltage electric field
errefrakzio-indize
1,000702
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,0057 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
molar heat capacity
20,786 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,158 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko5/3
electrical properties
type
Eroankortasun elektriko
Erresistibitate elektriko
Supereroankortasun
Magnetismo
typediamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
−0,0000000043 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
−0,000000000565 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
−0,0000000254
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
6,2 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
konprimagarritasun-modulu
Zizaila modulua
Youngen modulu
Poissonen modulu
Soinuaren lastertasun
1.090 m/s
classification
CategoryNoble gases, Noble gases
CAS GroupVIII
IUPAC GroupVIIIA
Glawe Number5
Mendeleev Number116
Pettifor Number5
Geochemical Classvolatile
Goldschmidt classificationatmophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
478,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
27,32 ± 0,2 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
25
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0083
zenbaki kuantiko1S0
talde espazial225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Xenon

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes9
Isotopic Composition12926.40%12926.40%13226.91%13226.91%13121.23%13121.23%13410.44%13410.44%1368.86%1368.86%1304.07%1304.07%1281.91%1281.91%1240.10%1240.10%1260.09%1260.09%

108Xe

masa-zenbaki108
neutron number54
atomo-masa erlatibo
107,954232285 ± 0,000407406 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
72 ± 35 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

109Xe

masa-zenbaki109
neutron number55
atomo-masa erlatibo
108,950434955 ± 0,000322178 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
13 ± 2 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2006
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

110Xe

masa-zenbaki110
neutron number56
atomo-masa erlatibo
109,944258759 ± 0,000108415 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
93 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)64%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)36%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

111Xe

masa-zenbaki111
neutron number57
atomo-masa erlatibo
110,94147 ± 0,000124 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
740 ± 200 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)89.6%
α (α emission)10.4%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

112Xe

masa-zenbaki112
neutron number58
atomo-masa erlatibo
111,935559068 ± 0,000008891 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,7 ± 0,8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.8%
α (α emission)1.2%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

113Xe

masa-zenbaki113
neutron number59
atomo-masa erlatibo
112,933221663 ± 0,000007342 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,74 ± 0,08 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.007%

114Xe

masa-zenbaki114
neutron number60
atomo-masa erlatibo
113,927980329 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

115Xe

masa-zenbaki115
neutron number61
atomo-masa erlatibo
114,926293943 ± 0,000013 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
18 ± 3 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.34%

116Xe

masa-zenbaki116
neutron number62
atomo-masa erlatibo
115,921580955 ± 0,000013974 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
59 ± 2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117Xe

masa-zenbaki117
neutron number63
atomo-masa erlatibo
116,920358758 ± 0,000011141 Da
g-factor
−0,23752 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
61 ± 2 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,1 ± 0,4
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0029%

118Xe

masa-zenbaki118
neutron number64
atomo-masa erlatibo
117,916178678 ± 0,000011141 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,8 ± 0,9 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

119Xe

masa-zenbaki119
neutron number65
atomo-masa erlatibo
118,915410641 ± 0,000011141 Da
g-factor
−0,26168 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,8 ± 0,3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,29 ± 0,05
aurkikuntza-data1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)79%
ϵ (electron capture)21%

120Xe

masa-zenbaki120
neutron number66
atomo-masa erlatibo
119,911784267 ± 0,000012686 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
46 ± 0,6 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

121Xe

masa-zenbaki121
neutron number67
atomo-masa erlatibo
120,911453012 ± 0,000010995 Da
g-factor
−0,2804 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
40,1 ± 2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,31 ± 0,05
aurkikuntza-data1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

122Xe

masa-zenbaki122
neutron number68
atomo-masa erlatibo
121,908367655 ± 0,000011928 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
20,1 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

123Xe

masa-zenbaki123
neutron number69
atomo-masa erlatibo
122,908482235 ± 0,000010234 Da
g-factor
−0,3 ± 0,006
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,08 ± 0,02 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1952
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

124Xe

masa-zenbaki124
neutron number70
atomo-masa erlatibo
123,905885174 ± 0,000001457 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,095 ± 0,005
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

125Xe

masa-zenbaki125
neutron number71
atomo-masa erlatibo
124,90638764 ± 0,000001518 Da
g-factor
−0,538 ± 0,006
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
16,87 ± 0,08 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

126Xe

masa-zenbaki126
neutron number72
atomo-masa erlatibo
125,904297422 ± 0,000000006 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,089 ± 0,003
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1922
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

127Xe

masa-zenbaki127
neutron number73
atomo-masa erlatibo
126,905183636 ± 0,000004388 Da
g-factor
−1,0066 ± 0,0022
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
36,342 ± 0,003 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

128Xe

masa-zenbaki128
neutron number74
atomo-masa erlatibo
127,90353075341 ± 0,00000000558 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,91 ± 0,013
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1922
parity+

129Xe

masa-zenbaki129
neutron number75
atomo-masa erlatibo
128,90478085742 ± 0,00000000542 Da
g-factor
−1,555922 ± 0,000032
natural abundance
26,401 ± 0,138
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity+

130Xe

masa-zenbaki130
neutron number76
atomo-masa erlatibo
129,903509346 ± 0,00000001 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
4,071 ± 0,022
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1922
parity+

131Xe

masa-zenbaki131
neutron number77
atomo-masa erlatibo
130,90508412808 ± 0,00000000549 Da
g-factor
0,46123 ± 0,0000046666666666667
natural abundance
21,232 ± 0,051
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,114 ± 0,001
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity+

132Xe

masa-zenbaki132
neutron number78
atomo-masa erlatibo
131,90415508346 ± 0,00000000544 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,909 ± 0,055
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity+

133Xe

masa-zenbaki133
neutron number79
atomo-masa erlatibo
132,905910748 ± 0,000002576 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,2474 ± 0,0005 d
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,14 ± 0,005
aurkikuntza-data1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

134Xe

masa-zenbaki134
neutron number80
atomo-masa erlatibo
133,90539303 ± 0,000000006 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
10,436 ± 0,035
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

135Xe

masa-zenbaki135
neutron number81
atomo-masa erlatibo
134,907231441 ± 0,000003938 Da
g-factor
0,60213333333333 ± 0,00046666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,14 ± 0,02 h
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,21 ± 0,007
aurkikuntza-data1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

136Xe

masa-zenbaki136
neutron number82
atomo-masa erlatibo
135,907214474 ± 0,000000007 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
8,857 ± 0,072
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,18 ± 0,05 Zy
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1920
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)100%

137Xe

masa-zenbaki137
neutron number83
atomo-masa erlatibo
136,911557771 ± 0,000000111 Da
g-factor
−0,27725714285714 ± 0,00028571428571429
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,818 ± 0,013 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,47 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

138Xe

masa-zenbaki138
neutron number84
atomo-masa erlatibo
137,914146268 ± 0,00000301 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
14,14 ± 0,07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1943
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

139Xe

masa-zenbaki139
neutron number85
atomo-masa erlatibo
138,9187922 ± 0,0000023 Da
g-factor
−0,20266666666667 ± 0,0010666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
39,68 ± 0,14 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,39 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

140Xe

masa-zenbaki140
neutron number86
atomo-masa erlatibo
139,921645814 ± 0,0000025 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
13,6 ± 0,1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

141Xe

masa-zenbaki141
neutron number87
atomo-masa erlatibo
140,926787181 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
0,004 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,73 ± 0,01 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,57 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.044%

142Xe

masa-zenbaki142
neutron number88
atomo-masa erlatibo
141,929973095 ± 0,0000029 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,23 ± 0,02 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.37%

143Xe

masa-zenbaki143
neutron number89
atomo-masa erlatibo
142,93536955 ± 0,000005 Da
g-factor
−0,184 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
511 ± 6 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,91 ± 0,03
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

144Xe

masa-zenbaki144
neutron number90
atomo-masa erlatibo
143,938945076 ± 0,0000057 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
388 ± 7 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2003
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3%

145Xe

masa-zenbaki145
neutron number91
atomo-masa erlatibo
144,944719631 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
188 ± 4 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2003
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)5%
2n (2-neutron emission)

146Xe

masa-zenbaki146
neutron number92
atomo-masa erlatibo
145,948518245 ± 0,000026 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
146 ± 6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1989
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)6.9%

147Xe

masa-zenbaki147
neutron number93
atomo-masa erlatibo
146,954482 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
88 ± 14 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8%
2n (2-neutron emission)

148Xe

masa-zenbaki148
neutron number94
atomo-masa erlatibo
147,958508 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
85 ± 15 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

149Xe

masa-zenbaki149
neutron number95
atomo-masa erlatibo
148,964573 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

150Xe

masa-zenbaki150
neutron number96
atomo-masa erlatibo
149,968878 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Xenon discharge tube

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaSir William Ramsay; M. W. Travers
aurkikuntzaren lekuaEngland
aurkikuntza-data1898
etimologiaGreek: xenos (strange).
pronunciationZEE-non (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,00003 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,00005 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
Abundance in Universe
0,000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0785
2p4.1654
2s14.197
3d14.0532
3p18.3324
3s18.4236
4d32.1068
4p29.0428
4s27.8272
5p41.5755
5s39.782