Ksenon, ²Xenoni

Ksenon, ²Xenoni (Xe)

chemical element with atomic number of 54 and heaviest stable noble gas
Atomic Number54
Atomic Weight131.293
Numri i masës132
Group18
Period5
Blockp
protoni54 p+
neutroni78 n0
elektroni54 e-
Animated Bohr model of Xe (Ksenon, ²Xenoni)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
molar volume
covalent radius
131 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
40 pm
Crystal Radius
54 pm
Van der Waals radius
216 pm
density
0,005366 g/cm³

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
499,6 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
12,1298431 eV/particle
ionization energy of Xe (Ksenon, ²Xenoni)
enthalpy of vaporization
12,65 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
standard enthalpy of formation
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 18, 18, 8
Bohr model: Xe (Ksenon, ²Xenoni)
valence electron8
Lewis structure: Xe (Ksenon, ²Xenoni)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2 5p6
Enhanced Bohr model of Xe (Ksenon, ²Xenoni)
Orbital Diagram of Xe (Ksenon, ²Xenoni)
oxidation number0, 2, 4, 6, 8
Elektronegativiteti
2.6
Electrophilicity Index
1,4953590614035728 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesGas
gaseous state of matterMonoatomic
Boiling Point
165,051 K
Melting Point
161,4 K
critical pressure
5,842 MPa
critical temperature
289,733 K
triple point
161,405 K
81,77 kPa
appearance
Ngjyra
Colorless
appearancecolorless gas, exhibiting a blue glow when placed in a high voltage electric field
refractive index
1,000702
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
0,0057 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
molar heat capacity
20,786 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,158 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio5/3
electrical properties
type
electrical conductivity
electrical resistivity
Superpërcjellshmëria
Magnetizimi
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000043 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000565 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000000254
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
6,2 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
shear modulus
Young's modulus
Poisson's ratio
Shpejtësia e zërit
1 090 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryNoble gases, Noble gases
CAS GroupVIII
IUPAC GroupVIIIA
Glawe Number5
Mendeleev Number116
Pettifor Number5
Geochemical Classvolatile
Goldschmidt classificationatmophile

other

Gas Basicity
478,1 kJ/mol
polarizability
27,32 ± 0,2 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
25
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0083
numër kuantik1S0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Xenon

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes9
Isotopic Composition12926.40%12926.40%13226.91%13226.91%13121.23%13121.23%13410.44%13410.44%1368.86%1368.86%1304.07%1304.07%1281.91%1281.91%1240.10%1240.10%1260.09%1260.09%

108Xe

Numri i masës108
numri i neutroneve54
relative atomic mass
107,954232285 ± 0,000407406 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
72 ± 35 us
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2018
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%

109Xe

Numri i masës109
numri i neutroneve55
relative atomic mass
108,950434955 ± 0,000322178 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
13 ± 2 ms
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2006
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

110Xe

Numri i masës110
numri i neutroneve56
relative atomic mass
109,944258759 ± 0,000108415 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
93 ± 3 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1981
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)64%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)36%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

111Xe

Numri i masës111
numri i neutroneve57
relative atomic mass
110,94147 ± 0,000124 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
740 ± 200 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)89.6%
α (α emission)10.4%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

112Xe

Numri i masës112
numri i neutroneve58
relative atomic mass
111,935559068 ± 0,000008891 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,7 ± 0,8 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1978
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)98.8%
α (α emission)1.2%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

113Xe

Numri i masës113
numri i neutroneve59
relative atomic mass
112,933221663 ± 0,000007342 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,74 ± 0,08 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1973
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)0.007%

114Xe

Numri i masës114
numri i neutroneve60
relative atomic mass
113,927980329 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10 ± 0,4 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1977
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

115Xe

Numri i masës115
numri i neutroneve61
relative atomic mass
114,926293943 ± 0,000013 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
18 ± 3 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1969
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.34%

116Xe

Numri i masës116
numri i neutroneve62
relative atomic mass
115,921580955 ± 0,000013974 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
59 ± 2 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1969
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

117Xe

Numri i masës117
numri i neutroneve63
relative atomic mass
116,920358758 ± 0,000011141 Da
g-factor
-0,23752 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
61 ± 2 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,1 ± 0,4
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1969
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.0029%

118Xe

Numri i masës118
numri i neutroneve64
relative atomic mass
117,916178678 ± 0,000011141 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,8 ± 0,9 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1965
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

119Xe

Numri i masës119
numri i neutroneve65
relative atomic mass
118,915410641 ± 0,000011141 Da
g-factor
-0,26168 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,8 ± 0,3 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,29 ± 0,05
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1965
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
e+ (positron emission)79%
ϵ (electron capture)21%

120Xe

Numri i masës120
numri i neutroneve66
relative atomic mass
119,911784267 ± 0,000012686 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
46 ± 0,6 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1965
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

121Xe

Numri i masës121
numri i neutroneve67
relative atomic mass
120,911453012 ± 0,000010995 Da
g-factor
-0,2804 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
40,1 ± 2 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,31 ± 0,05
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1952
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

122Xe

Numri i masës122
numri i neutroneve68
relative atomic mass
121,908367655 ± 0,000011928 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
20,1 ± 0,1 h
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1952
parity+

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

123Xe

Numri i masës123
numri i neutroneve69
relative atomic mass
122,908482235 ± 0,000010234 Da
g-factor
-0,3 ± 0,006
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,08 ± 0,02 h
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1952
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

124Xe

Numri i masës124
numri i neutroneve70
relative atomic mass
123,905885174 ± 0,000001457 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,095 ± 0,005
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1922
parity+

decay modeintensitet
+ (double β+ decay)

125Xe

Numri i masës125
numri i neutroneve71
relative atomic mass
124,90638764 ± 0,000001518 Da
g-factor
-0,538 ± 0,006
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
16,87 ± 0,08 h
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1950
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

126Xe

Numri i masës126
numri i neutroneve72
relative atomic mass
125,904297422 ± 0,000000006 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,089 ± 0,003
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1922
parity+

decay modeintensitet
+ (double β+ decay)

127Xe

Numri i masës127
numri i neutroneve73
relative atomic mass
126,905183636 ± 0,000004388 Da
g-factor
-1,0066 ± 0,0022
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
36,342 ± 0,003 d
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1950
parity+

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

128Xe

Numri i masës128
numri i neutroneve74
relative atomic mass
127,90353075341 ± 0,00000000558 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,91 ± 0,013
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1922
parity+

129Xe

Numri i masës129
numri i neutroneve75
relative atomic mass
128,90478085742 ± 0,00000000542 Da
g-factor
-1,555922 ± 0,000032
natural abundance
26,401 ± 0,138
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1920
parity+

130Xe

Numri i masës130
numri i neutroneve76
relative atomic mass
129,903509346 ± 0,00000001 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
4,071 ± 0,022
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1922
parity+

131Xe

Numri i masës131
numri i neutroneve77
relative atomic mass
130,90508412808 ± 0,00000000549 Da
g-factor
0,46123 ± 0,0000046666666666667
natural abundance
21,232 ± 0,051
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,114 ± 0,001
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1920
parity+

132Xe

Numri i masës132
numri i neutroneve78
relative atomic mass
131,90415508346 ± 0,00000000544 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,909 ± 0,055
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1920
parity+

133Xe

Numri i masës133
numri i neutroneve79
relative atomic mass
132,905910748 ± 0,000002576 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,2474 ± 0,0005 d
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,14 ± 0,005
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1940
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

134Xe

Numri i masës134
numri i neutroneve80
relative atomic mass
133,90539303 ± 0,000000006 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
10,436 ± 0,035
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1920
parity+

decay modeintensitet
(double β decay)

135Xe

Numri i masës135
numri i neutroneve81
relative atomic mass
134,907231441 ± 0,000003938 Da
g-factor
0,60213333333333 ± 0,00046666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,14 ± 0,02 h
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,21 ± 0,007
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1940
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

136Xe

Numri i masës136
numri i neutroneve82
relative atomic mass
135,907214474 ± 0,000000007 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
8,857 ± 0,072
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,18 ± 0,05 Zy
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1920
parity+

decay modeintensitet
(double β decay)100%

137Xe

Numri i masës137
numri i neutroneve83
relative atomic mass
136,911557771 ± 0,000000111 Da
g-factor
-0,27725714285714 ± 0,00028571428571429
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,818 ± 0,013 m
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,47 ± 0,02
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1943
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

138Xe

Numri i masës138
numri i neutroneve84
relative atomic mass
137,914146268 ± 0,00000301 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,14 ± 0,07 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1943
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

139Xe

Numri i masës139
numri i neutroneve85
relative atomic mass
138,9187922 ± 0,0000023 Da
g-factor
-0,20266666666667 ± 0,0010666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
39,68 ± 0,14 s
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,39 ± 0,02
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

140Xe

Numri i masës140
numri i neutroneve86
relative atomic mass
139,921645814 ± 0,0000025 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
13,6 ± 0,1 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

141Xe

Numri i masës141
numri i neutroneve87
relative atomic mass
140,926787181 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
0,004 ± 0,0012
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,73 ± 0,01 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,57 ± 0,02
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.044%

142Xe

Numri i masës142
numri i neutroneve88
relative atomic mass
141,929973095 ± 0,0000029 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,23 ± 0,02 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1960
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.37%

143Xe

Numri i masës143
numri i neutroneve89
relative atomic mass
142,93536955 ± 0,000005 Da
g-factor
-0,184 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
511 ± 6 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,91 ± 0,03
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

144Xe

Numri i masës144
numri i neutroneve90
relative atomic mass
143,938945076 ± 0,0000057 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
388 ± 7 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2003
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3%

145Xe

Numri i masës145
numri i neutroneve91
relative atomic mass
144,944719631 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
188 ± 4 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2003
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)5%
2n (2-neutron emission)

146Xe

Numri i masës146
numri i neutroneve92
relative atomic mass
145,948518245 ± 0,000026 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
146 ± 6 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1989
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)6.9%

147Xe

Numri i masës147
numri i neutroneve93
relative atomic mass
146,954482 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
88 ± 14 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8%
2n (2-neutron emission)

148Xe

Numri i masës148
numri i neutroneve94
relative atomic mass
147,958508 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
85 ± 15 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

149Xe

Numri i masës149
numri i neutroneve95
relative atomic mass
148,964573 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2018
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

150Xe

Numri i masës150
numri i neutroneve96
relative atomic mass
149,968878 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2018
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Xenon discharge tube

historia

zbuluesSir William Ramsay; M. W. Travers
vendndodhja e zbulimitEngland
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1898
EtimologjiaGreek: xenos (strange).
pronunciationZEE-non (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,00003 mg/kg
natural abundance (Oqeani)
0,00005 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
natural abundance (Diell)
Abundance in Universe
0,000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.0785
2p4.1654
2s14.197
3d14.0532
3p18.3324
3s18.4236
4d32.1068
4p29.0428
4s27.8272
5p41.5755
5s39.782