Ittrium

Ittrium (Y)

chemical element with symbol Y and atomic number 39
Atomic Number39
Atomic Weight88.90584
Massagetal89
Group3
Period5
Blockd
proton39 p+
neutron50 n0
elektron39 e-
Animated Bohr model of Y (Ittrium)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
180 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
163 pm
Metallic Radius
162 pm
Ioonradius
90 pm
Crystal Radius
104 pm
Van der Waals radius
232 pm
density
4,47 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Ittrium0153045607590105120135150165180195210225240pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
967 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
6,21726 eV/particle
ionization energy of Y (Ittrium)
Verdampingswarmte
367 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
11,5 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
424,7 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 18, 9, 2
Bohr model: Y (Ittrium)
Valenselektrone2
Lewisteorie: Y (Ittrium)
elektronkonfigurasie[Kr] 4d1 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d1 5s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Y (Ittrium)
Orbital Diagram of Y (Ittrium)
Oksidasietoestand0, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegatiwiteit
1.22
Electrophilicity Index
0,9002558378903806 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3 618,15 K
Melting Point
1 795,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
kleur
Silver
appearancesilvery white
Brekingsindeks
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000106 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,53 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,298 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Geleidingsvermoë
1,8 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
0,00000057 m Ω
superconductivity
1,3 K
Magnetisme
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000666 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000005921 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0002978
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,65 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
Massamodulus
41 GPa
Skuifmodulus
26 GPa
Young se modulus
64 GPa
Poisson se verhouding
0,24
Spoed van klank
3 300 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIIA
IUPAC GroupIIIB
Glawe Number21
Mendeleev Number12
Pettifor Number19
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
945,9 kJ/mol
polarizability
162 ± 12 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1,28
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00059
quantum number2D3/2
Ruimtegroep194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Yttrium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes34
Natural Isotopes1

75Y

Massagetal75
neutron number36
relative atomic mass
74,96584 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

76Y

Massagetal76
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
75,958937 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
28 ± 9 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2001
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
p (proton emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

77Y

Massagetal77
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
76,950146 ± 0,000218 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
63 ± 17 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

78Y

Massagetal78
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
77,94399 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
54 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

79Y

Massagetal79
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
78,937946 ± 0,000086 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
14,8 ± 0,6 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

80Y

Massagetal80
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
79,93435475 ± 0,000006701 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
30,1 ± 0,5 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

81Y

Massagetal81
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
80,929454283 ± 0,000005802 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
70,4 ± 1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

82Y

Massagetal82
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
81,926930189 ± 0,000005902 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
8,3 ± 0,2 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

83Y

Massagetal83
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
82,922484026 ± 0,00002 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
7,08 ± 0,08 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

84Y

Massagetal84
neutron number45
relative atomic mass
83,92067106 ± 0,000004615 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
39,5 ± 0,8 m
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

85Y

Massagetal85
neutron number46
relative atomic mass
84,916433039 ± 0,00002036 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,68 ± 0,05 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1952
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

86Y

Massagetal86
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
85,914886095 ± 0,000015182 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
14,74 ± 0,02 h
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

87Y

Massagetal87
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
86,9108761 ± 0,00000121 Da
g-factor
-0,38 ± 0,04
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
79,8 ± 0,3 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

88Y

Massagetal88
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
87,909501274 ± 0,00000161 Da
g-factor
-0,105 ± 0,0025
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
106,629 ± 0,024 d
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,16 ± 0,03
ontdekkingsdatum1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

89Y

Massagetal89
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
88,905838156 ± 0,000000363 Da
g-factor
-0,274596 ± 0,00001
natural abundance
100
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1923
parity-

90Y

Massagetal90
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
89,907141749 ± 0,000000379 Da
g-factor
-0,814 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
64,05 ± 0,05 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,125 ± 0,011
ontdekkingsdatum1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

91Y

Massagetal91
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
90,907298048 ± 0,000001978 Da
g-factor
0,3278 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
58,51 ± 0,06 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

92Y

Massagetal92
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
91,908945752 ± 0,000009798 Da
g-factor
-0,335 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,54 ± 0,01 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0 ± 0,02
ontdekkingsdatum1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

93Y

Massagetal93
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
92,909578434 ± 0,000011259 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
10,18 ± 0,08 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

94Y

Massagetal94
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
93,911592062 ± 0,000006849 Da
g-factor
-0,12 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
18,7 ± 0,1 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,03 ± 0,03
ontdekkingsdatum1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

95Y

Massagetal95
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
94,912819697 ± 0,000007277 Da
g-factor
-0,32 ± 0,06
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
10,3 ± 0,1 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1959
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

96Y

Massagetal96
neutron number57
relative atomic mass
95,915909305 ± 0,000006521 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
5,34 ± 0,05 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

97Y

Massagetal97
neutron number58
relative atomic mass
96,918286702 ± 0,000007201 Da
g-factor
-0,24 ± 0,02
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,75 ± 0,03 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.055%

98Y

Massagetal98
neutron number59
relative atomic mass
97,922394841 ± 0,000008501 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
548 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.33%

99Y

Massagetal99
neutron number60
relative atomic mass
98,924160839 ± 0,000007101 Da
g-factor
1,272 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,484 ± 0,007 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,55 ± 0,17
ontdekkingsdatum1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.77%

100Y

Massagetal100
neutron number61
relative atomic mass
99,927727678 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
0,6875 ± 0,0025
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
940 ± 30 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

101Y

Massagetal101
neutron number62
relative atomic mass
100,930160817 ± 0,000007601 Da
g-factor
1,288 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
426 ± 20 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,53 ± 0,17
ontdekkingsdatum1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.3%

102Y

Massagetal102
neutron number63
relative atomic mass
101,934328471 ± 0,000004381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
360 ± 40 ms
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1980
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.6%

103Y

Massagetal103
neutron number64
relative atomic mass
102,937243796 ± 0,000012029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
239 ± 12 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8%

104Y

Massagetal104
neutron number65
relative atomic mass
103,941943 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
197 ± 4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)34%
2n (2-neutron emission)

105Y

Massagetal105
neutron number66
relative atomic mass
104,945711 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
95 ± 9 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)82%
2n (2-neutron emission)

106Y

Massagetal106
neutron number67
relative atomic mass
105,950842 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
75 ± 6 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

107Y

Massagetal107
neutron number68
relative atomic mass
106,954943 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
33,5 ± 0,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

108Y

Massagetal108
neutron number69
relative atomic mass
107,960515 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
30 ± 5 ms
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

109Y

Massagetal109
neutron number70
relative atomic mass
108,965131 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
25 ± 5 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Yttrium sublimed dendritic and 1cm3 cube

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurJohann Gadolin
ligging van ontdekkingFinland
ontdekkingsdatum1789
etimologieFrom the Swedish village, Ytterby, where one of its minerals was first found.
uitspraakIT-ri-em (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,000013 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
0,00019 %
natural abundance (Son)
0,000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.8244
2p3.9968
2s10.3778
3d13.6029
3p15.9075
3s15.4485
4d23.0416
4p26.2544
4s24.7364
5s32.744