Itrioa

Itrioa (Y)

Zenbaki atomikoa 39 duen elementu kimikoa. Kolore griseko metala da, lur arraroen multzokoa. Isotopo erradioaktibo bat du, eta teknologia nuklearrean, aleazioetan, mikrouhin-iragazkietan eta erdieroaleetan erabiltzen da
Atomic Number39
Atomic Weight88.90584
masa-zenbaki89
Group3
Period5
Blockd
protoi39 p+
neutroi50 n0
elektroi39 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Y (Itrioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
180 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
163 pm
Metallic Radius
162 pm
Erradio ioniko
90 pm
Crystal Radius
104 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
232 pm
dentsitatea
4,47 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Itrioa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
967 kJ/mol
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
6,21726 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Y (Itrioa)
Irakite-entalpia
367 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
11,5 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
424,7 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 9, 2
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Y (Itrioa)
balentzia-elektroi2
Lewis egitura: Y (Itrioa)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d1 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d1 5s2
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Y (Itrioa)
Orbital Diagram of Y (Itrioa)
Oxidazio-egoera0, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegatibotasun
1.22
Electrophilicity Index
0,9002558378903806 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
3.618,15 K
Melting Point
1.795,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery white
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000106 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,53 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,298 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
1,8 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000057 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
1,3 K
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,0000000666 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,000000005921 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,0002978
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,65 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
konprimagarritasun-modulu
41 GPa
Zizaila modulua
26 GPa
Youngen modulu
64 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,24
Soinuaren lastertasun
3.300 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIIA
IUPAC GroupIIIB
Glawe Number21
Mendeleev Number12
Pettifor Number19
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
945,9 kJ/mol
polarizability
162 ± 12 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1,28
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00059
zenbaki kuantiko2D3/2
talde espazial194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Yttrium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes34
Natural Isotopes1

75Y

masa-zenbaki75
neutron number36
atomo-masa erlatibo
74,96584 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

76Y

masa-zenbaki76
neutron number37
atomo-masa erlatibo
75,958937 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
28 ± 9 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2001
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
p (proton emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

77Y

masa-zenbaki77
neutron number38
atomo-masa erlatibo
76,950146 ± 0,000218 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
63 ± 17 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

78Y

masa-zenbaki78
neutron number39
atomo-masa erlatibo
77,94399 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
54 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

79Y

masa-zenbaki79
neutron number40
atomo-masa erlatibo
78,937946 ± 0,000086 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
14,8 ± 0,6 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

80Y

masa-zenbaki80
neutron number41
atomo-masa erlatibo
79,93435475 ± 0,000006701 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
30,1 ± 0,5 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

81Y

masa-zenbaki81
neutron number42
atomo-masa erlatibo
80,929454283 ± 0,000005802 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
70,4 ± 1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

82Y

masa-zenbaki82
neutron number43
atomo-masa erlatibo
81,926930189 ± 0,000005902 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,3 ± 0,2 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

83Y

masa-zenbaki83
neutron number44
atomo-masa erlatibo
82,922484026 ± 0,00002 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,08 ± 0,08 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

84Y

masa-zenbaki84
neutron number45
atomo-masa erlatibo
83,92067106 ± 0,000004615 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
39,5 ± 0,8 m
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

85Y

masa-zenbaki85
neutron number46
atomo-masa erlatibo
84,916433039 ± 0,00002036 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,68 ± 0,05 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1952
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

86Y

masa-zenbaki86
neutron number47
atomo-masa erlatibo
85,914886095 ± 0,000015182 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
14,74 ± 0,02 h
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

87Y

masa-zenbaki87
neutron number48
atomo-masa erlatibo
86,9108761 ± 0,00000121 Da
g-factor
−0,38 ± 0,04
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
79,8 ± 0,3 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

88Y

masa-zenbaki88
neutron number49
atomo-masa erlatibo
87,909501274 ± 0,00000161 Da
g-factor
−0,105 ± 0,0025
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
106,629 ± 0,024 d
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,16 ± 0,03
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

89Y

masa-zenbaki89
neutron number50
atomo-masa erlatibo
88,905838156 ± 0,000000363 Da
g-factor
−0,274596 ± 0,00001
natural abundance
100
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1923
parity-

90Y

masa-zenbaki90
neutron number51
atomo-masa erlatibo
89,907141749 ± 0,000000379 Da
g-factor
−0,814 ± 0,004
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
64,05 ± 0,05 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,125 ± 0,011
aurkikuntza-data1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

91Y

masa-zenbaki91
neutron number52
atomo-masa erlatibo
90,907298048 ± 0,000001978 Da
g-factor
0,3278 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
58,51 ± 0,06 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

92Y

masa-zenbaki92
neutron number53
atomo-masa erlatibo
91,908945752 ± 0,000009798 Da
g-factor
−0,335 ± 0,01
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,54 ± 0,01 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

93Y

masa-zenbaki93
neutron number54
atomo-masa erlatibo
92,909578434 ± 0,000011259 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,18 ± 0,08 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

94Y

masa-zenbaki94
neutron number55
atomo-masa erlatibo
93,911592062 ± 0,000006849 Da
g-factor
−0,12 ± 0,01
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
18,7 ± 0,1 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,03 ± 0,03
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

95Y

masa-zenbaki95
neutron number56
atomo-masa erlatibo
94,912819697 ± 0,000007277 Da
g-factor
−0,32 ± 0,06
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,3 ± 0,1 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1959
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

96Y

masa-zenbaki96
neutron number57
atomo-masa erlatibo
95,915909305 ± 0,000006521 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,34 ± 0,05 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

97Y

masa-zenbaki97
neutron number58
atomo-masa erlatibo
96,918286702 ± 0,000007201 Da
g-factor
−0,24 ± 0,02
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,75 ± 0,03 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.055%

98Y

masa-zenbaki98
neutron number59
atomo-masa erlatibo
97,922394841 ± 0,000008501 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
548 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.33%

99Y

masa-zenbaki99
neutron number60
atomo-masa erlatibo
98,924160839 ± 0,000007101 Da
g-factor
1,272 ± 0,008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,484 ± 0,007 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,55 ± 0,17
aurkikuntza-data1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.77%

100Y

masa-zenbaki100
neutron number61
atomo-masa erlatibo
99,927727678 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
0,6875 ± 0,0025
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
940 ± 30 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

101Y

masa-zenbaki101
neutron number62
atomo-masa erlatibo
100,930160817 ± 0,000007601 Da
g-factor
1,288 ± 0,008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
426 ± 20 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,53 ± 0,17
aurkikuntza-data1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.3%

102Y

masa-zenbaki102
neutron number63
atomo-masa erlatibo
101,934328471 ± 0,000004381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
360 ± 40 ms
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1980
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.6%

103Y

masa-zenbaki103
neutron number64
atomo-masa erlatibo
102,937243796 ± 0,000012029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
239 ± 12 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8%

104Y

masa-zenbaki104
neutron number65
atomo-masa erlatibo
103,941943 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
197 ± 4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)34%
2n (2-neutron emission)

105Y

masa-zenbaki105
neutron number66
atomo-masa erlatibo
104,945711 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
95 ± 9 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)82%
2n (2-neutron emission)

106Y

masa-zenbaki106
neutron number67
atomo-masa erlatibo
105,950842 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
75 ± 6 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

107Y

masa-zenbaki107
neutron number68
atomo-masa erlatibo
106,954943 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
33,5 ± 0,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

108Y

masa-zenbaki108
neutron number69
atomo-masa erlatibo
107,960515 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
30 ± 5 ms
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

109Y

masa-zenbaki109
neutron number70
atomo-masa erlatibo
108,965131 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
25 ± 5 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Yttrium sublimed dendritic and 1cm3 cube

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaJohann Gadolin
aurkikuntzaren lekuaFinland
aurkikuntza-data1789
etimologiaFrom the Swedish village, Ytterby, where one of its minerals was first found.
pronunciationIT-ri-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,000013 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,00019 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.8244
2p3.9968
2s10.3778
3d13.6029
3p15.9075
3s15.4485
4d23.0416
4p26.2544
4s24.7364
5s32.744