Îtriyûm

Îtriyûm (Y)

chemical element with symbol Y and atomic number 39
Atomic Number39
Atomic Weight88.90584
Hejmara baristeyî89
Group3
Period5
Blockd
Proton39 p+
Notron50 n0
Kareva39 e-
Animated Bohr model of Y (Îtriyûm)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
180 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
163 pm
Metallic Radius
162 pm
ionic radius
90 pm
Crystal Radius
104 pm
Van der Waals radius
232 pm
density
4,47 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Îtriyûm0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
967 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
6,21726 eV/particle
ionization energy of Y (Îtriyûm)
enthalpy of vaporization
367 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
11,5 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
424,7 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 18, 9, 2
Bohr model: Y (Îtriyûm)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Y (Îtriyûm)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d1 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d1 5s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Y (Îtriyûm)
Orbital Diagram of Y (Îtriyûm)
oxidation number0, 1, 2, 3
electronegativity
1.22
Electrophilicity Index
0,9002558378903806 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3.618,15 K
Melting Point
1.795,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
color
Silver
appearancesilvery white
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000106 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,53 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,298 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
1,8 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000057 m Ω
superconductivity
1,3 K
magnetism
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000666 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000005921 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0002978
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,65 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
41 GPa
shear modulus
26 GPa
Young's modulus
64 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,24
Leza dengê
3.300 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIIA
IUPAC GroupIIIB
Glawe Number21
Mendeleev Number12
Pettifor Number19
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
945,9 kJ/mol
polarizability
162 ± 12 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1,28
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00059
quantum number2D3/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Yttrium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes34
Natural Isotopes1

75Y

Hejmara baristeyî75
neutron number36
Giraniya atomê
74,96584 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

76Y

Hejmara baristeyî76
neutron number37
Giraniya atomê
75,958937 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
28 ± 9 ms
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2001
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
p (proton emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

77Y

Hejmara baristeyî77
neutron number38
Giraniya atomê
76,950146 ± 0,000218 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
63 ± 17 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

78Y

Hejmara baristeyî78
neutron number39
Giraniya atomê
77,94399 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
54 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

79Y

Hejmara baristeyî79
neutron number40
Giraniya atomê
78,937946 ± 0,000086 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,8 ± 0,6 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

80Y

Hejmara baristeyî80
neutron number41
Giraniya atomê
79,93435475 ± 0,000006701 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30,1 ± 0,5 s
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

81Y

Hejmara baristeyî81
neutron number42
Giraniya atomê
80,929454283 ± 0,000005802 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
70,4 ± 1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1981
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

82Y

Hejmara baristeyî82
neutron number43
Giraniya atomê
81,926930189 ± 0,000005902 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,3 ± 0,2 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

83Y

Hejmara baristeyî83
neutron number44
Giraniya atomê
82,922484026 ± 0,00002 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,08 ± 0,08 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

84Y

Hejmara baristeyî84
neutron number45
Giraniya atomê
83,92067106 ± 0,000004615 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
39,5 ± 0,8 m
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1962
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

85Y

Hejmara baristeyî85
neutron number46
Giraniya atomê
84,916433039 ± 0,00002036 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,68 ± 0,05 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1952
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

86Y

Hejmara baristeyî86
neutron number47
Giraniya atomê
85,914886095 ± 0,000015182 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,74 ± 0,02 h
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1951
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

87Y

Hejmara baristeyî87
neutron number48
Giraniya atomê
86,9108761 ± 0,00000121 Da
g-factor
-0,38 ± 0,04
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
79,8 ± 0,3 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

88Y

Hejmara baristeyî88
neutron number49
Giraniya atomê
87,909501274 ± 0,00000161 Da
g-factor
-0,105 ± 0,0025
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
106,629 ± 0,024 d
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,16 ± 0,03
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

89Y

Hejmara baristeyî89
neutron number50
Giraniya atomê
88,905838156 ± 0,000000363 Da
g-factor
-0,274596 ± 0,00001
natural abundance
100
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1923
parity-

90Y

Hejmara baristeyî90
neutron number51
Giraniya atomê
89,907141749 ± 0,000000379 Da
g-factor
-0,814 ± 0,004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
64,05 ± 0,05 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,125 ± 0,011
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1937
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

91Y

Hejmara baristeyî91
neutron number52
Giraniya atomê
90,907298048 ± 0,000001978 Da
g-factor
0,3278 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
58,51 ± 0,06 d
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1943
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

92Y

Hejmara baristeyî92
neutron number53
Giraniya atomê
91,908945752 ± 0,000009798 Da
g-factor
-0,335 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,54 ± 0,01 h
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0 ± 0,02
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1940
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

93Y

Hejmara baristeyî93
neutron number54
Giraniya atomê
92,909578434 ± 0,000011259 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,18 ± 0,08 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

94Y

Hejmara baristeyî94
neutron number55
Giraniya atomê
93,911592062 ± 0,000006849 Da
g-factor
-0,12 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
18,7 ± 0,1 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,03 ± 0,03
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

95Y

Hejmara baristeyî95
neutron number56
Giraniya atomê
94,912819697 ± 0,000007277 Da
g-factor
-0,32 ± 0,06
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,3 ± 0,1 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1959
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

96Y

Hejmara baristeyî96
neutron number57
Giraniya atomê
95,915909305 ± 0,000006521 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,34 ± 0,05 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

97Y

Hejmara baristeyî97
neutron number58
Giraniya atomê
96,918286702 ± 0,000007201 Da
g-factor
-0,24 ± 0,02
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,75 ± 0,03 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.055%

98Y

Hejmara baristeyî98
neutron number59
Giraniya atomê
97,922394841 ± 0,000008501 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
548 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.33%

99Y

Hejmara baristeyî99
neutron number60
Giraniya atomê
98,924160839 ± 0,000007101 Da
g-factor
1,272 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,484 ± 0,007 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,55 ± 0,17
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1975
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.77%

100Y

Hejmara baristeyî100
neutron number61
Giraniya atomê
99,927727678 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
0,6875 ± 0,0025
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
940 ± 30 ms
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

101Y

Hejmara baristeyî101
neutron number62
Giraniya atomê
100,930160817 ± 0,000007601 Da
g-factor
1,288 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
426 ± 20 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,53 ± 0,17
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.3%

102Y

Hejmara baristeyî102
neutron number63
Giraniya atomê
101,934328471 ± 0,000004381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
360 ± 40 ms
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1980
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.6%

103Y

Hejmara baristeyî103
neutron number64
Giraniya atomê
102,937243796 ± 0,000012029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
239 ± 12 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8%

104Y

Hejmara baristeyî104
neutron number65
Giraniya atomê
103,941943 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
197 ± 4 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)34%
2n (2-neutron emission)

105Y

Hejmara baristeyî105
neutron number66
Giraniya atomê
104,945711 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
95 ± 9 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)82%
2n (2-neutron emission)

106Y

Hejmara baristeyî106
neutron number67
Giraniya atomê
105,950842 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
75 ± 6 ms
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

107Y

Hejmara baristeyî107
neutron number68
Giraniya atomê
106,954943 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
33,5 ± 0,3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

108Y

Hejmara baristeyî108
neutron number69
Giraniya atomê
107,960515 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30 ± 5 ms
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

109Y

Hejmara baristeyî109
neutron number70
Giraniya atomê
108,965131 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25 ± 5 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Yttrium sublimed dendritic and 1cm3 cube

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerJohann Gadolin
location of discoveryFinland
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1789
BêjenasîFrom the Swedish village, Ytterby, where one of its minerals was first found.
pronunciationIT-ri-em (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
0,000013 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00019 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0,000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.8244
2p3.9968
2s10.3778
3d13.6029
3p15.9075
3s15.4485
4d23.0416
4p26.2544
4s24.7364
5s32.744