Ytrium

Ytrium (Y)

chemical element with symbol Y and atomic number 39
Atomic Number39
Atomic Weight88.90584
Nombor jisim89
Group3
Period5
Blockd
proton39 p+
neutron50 n0
Elektron39 e-
Animated Model Bohr of Y (Ytrium)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
180 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
163 pm
Metallic Radius
162 pm
ionic radius
90 pm
Crystal Radius
104 pm
Jejari van der Waals
232 pm
ketumpatan
4.47 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Ytrium0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230240pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
967 kJ/mol
Pertalian elektron
ionization energy
6.21726 eV/particle
ionization energy of Y (Ytrium)
Entalpi pengewapan
367 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
11.5 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
424.7 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 18, 9, 2
Model Bohr: Y (Ytrium)
Elektron valens2
Teori ion Lewis: Y (Ytrium)
tatarajah elektron[Kr] 4d1 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d1 5s2
Enhanced Model Bohr of Y (Ytrium)
Orbital Diagram of Y (Ytrium)
Keadaan pengoksidaan0, 1, 2, 3
Keelektronegatifan
1.22
Electrophilicity Index
0.9002558378903806 eV/particle
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3,618.15 K
Melting Point
1,795.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
rupa
warna
Silver
rupasilvery white
indeks biasan
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
Pengembangan terma
0.0000106 1/K
molar heat capacity
26.53 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.298 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Kekonduksian elektrik
1.8 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
0.00000057 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
1.3 K
kemagnetan
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.0000000666 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.000000005921 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.0002978
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
Néel temperature
struktur
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3.65 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
Modulus pukal
41 GPa
shear modulus
26 GPa
Young's modulus
64 GPa
Nisbah Poisson
0.24
Kelajuan bunyi
3,300 m/s
pengelasan
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIIA
IUPAC GroupIIIB
Glawe Number21
Mendeleev Number12
Pettifor Number19
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
945.9 kJ/mol
polarizability
162 ± 12 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1.28
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.00059
Nombor kuantum2D3/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Yttrium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes34
Natural Isotopes1

75Y

Nombor jisim75
nombor neutron36
jisim atom relatif
74.96584 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

76Y

Nombor jisim76
nombor neutron37
jisim atom relatif
75.958937 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
28 ± 9 ms
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2001
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
p (proton emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

77Y

Nombor jisim77
nombor neutron38
jisim atom relatif
76.950146 ± 0.000218 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
63 ± 17 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1999
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

78Y

Nombor jisim78
nombor neutron39
jisim atom relatif
77.94399 ± 0.00032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
54 ± 5 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1992
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

79Y

Nombor jisim79
nombor neutron40
jisim atom relatif
78.937946 ± 0.000086 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
14.8 ± 0.6 s
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1992
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

80Y

Nombor jisim80
nombor neutron41
jisim atom relatif
79.93435475 ± 0.000006701 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
30.1 ± 0.5 s
Spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1981
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

81Y

Nombor jisim81
nombor neutron42
jisim atom relatif
80.929454283 ± 0.000005802 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
70.4 ± 1 s
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1981
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

82Y

Nombor jisim82
nombor neutron43
jisim atom relatif
81.926930189 ± 0.000005902 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
8.3 ± 0.2 s
Spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1980
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

83Y

Nombor jisim83
nombor neutron44
jisim atom relatif
82.922484026 ± 0.00002 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
7.08 ± 0.08 m
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1962
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

84Y

Nombor jisim84
nombor neutron45
jisim atom relatif
83.92067106 ± 0.000004615 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
39.5 ± 0.8 m
Spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1962
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

85Y

Nombor jisim85
nombor neutron46
jisim atom relatif
84.916433039 ± 0.00002036 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.68 ± 0.05 h
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1952
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

86Y

Nombor jisim86
nombor neutron47
jisim atom relatif
85.914886095 ± 0.000015182 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
14.74 ± 0.02 h
Spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1951
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

87Y

Nombor jisim87
nombor neutron48
jisim atom relatif
86.9108761 ± 0.00000121 Da
g-factor
-0.38 ± 0.04
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
79.8 ± 0.3 h
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1940
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

88Y

Nombor jisim88
nombor neutron49
jisim atom relatif
87.909501274 ± 0.00000161 Da
g-factor
-0.105 ± 0.0025
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
106.629 ± 0.024 d
Spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.16 ± 0.03
tarikh penemuan1948
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

89Y

Nombor jisim89
nombor neutron50
jisim atom relatif
88.905838156 ± 0.000000363 Da
g-factor
-0.274596 ± 0.00001
natural abundance
100
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1923
parity-

90Y

Nombor jisim90
nombor neutron51
jisim atom relatif
89.907141749 ± 0.000000379 Da
g-factor
-0.814 ± 0.004
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
64.05 ± 0.05 h
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.125 ± 0.011
tarikh penemuan1937
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

91Y

Nombor jisim91
nombor neutron52
jisim atom relatif
90.907298048 ± 0.000001978 Da
g-factor
0.3278 ± 0.0016
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
58.51 ± 0.06 d
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1943
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

92Y

Nombor jisim92
nombor neutron53
jisim atom relatif
91.908945752 ± 0.000009798 Da
g-factor
-0.335 ± 0.01
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.54 ± 0.01 h
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0 ± 0.02
tarikh penemuan1940
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

93Y

Nombor jisim93
nombor neutron54
jisim atom relatif
92.909578434 ± 0.000011259 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
10.18 ± 0.08 h
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1948
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

94Y

Nombor jisim94
nombor neutron55
jisim atom relatif
93.911592062 ± 0.000006849 Da
g-factor
-0.12 ± 0.01
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
18.7 ± 0.1 m
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.03 ± 0.03
tarikh penemuan1948
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

95Y

Nombor jisim95
nombor neutron56
jisim atom relatif
94.912819697 ± 0.000007277 Da
g-factor
-0.32 ± 0.06
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
10.3 ± 0.1 m
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1959
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

96Y

Nombor jisim96
nombor neutron57
jisim atom relatif
95.915909305 ± 0.000006521 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
5.34 ± 0.05 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1975
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

97Y

Nombor jisim97
nombor neutron58
jisim atom relatif
96.918286702 ± 0.000007201 Da
g-factor
-0.24 ± 0.02
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.75 ± 0.03 s
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1970
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.055%

98Y

Nombor jisim98
nombor neutron59
jisim atom relatif
97.922394841 ± 0.000008501 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
548 ± 2 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1970
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.33%

99Y

Nombor jisim99
nombor neutron60
jisim atom relatif
98.924160839 ± 0.000007101 Da
g-factor
1.272 ± 0.008
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.484 ± 0.007 s
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.55 ± 0.17
tarikh penemuan1975
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.77%

100Y

Nombor jisim100
nombor neutron61
jisim atom relatif
99.927727678 ± 0.000012 Da
g-factor
0.6875 ± 0.0025
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
940 ± 30 ms
Spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1977
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

101Y

Nombor jisim101
nombor neutron62
jisim atom relatif
100.930160817 ± 0.000007601 Da
g-factor
1.288 ± 0.008
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
426 ± 20 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.53 ± 0.17
tarikh penemuan1983
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.3%

102Y

Nombor jisim102
nombor neutron63
jisim atom relatif
101.934328471 ± 0.000004381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
360 ± 40 ms
Spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1980
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.6%

103Y

Nombor jisim103
nombor neutron64
jisim atom relatif
102.937243796 ± 0.000012029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
239 ± 12 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8%

104Y

Nombor jisim104
nombor neutron65
jisim atom relatif
103.941943 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
197 ± 4 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)34%
2n (2-neutron emission)

105Y

Nombor jisim105
nombor neutron66
jisim atom relatif
104.945711 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
95 ± 9 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)82%
2n (2-neutron emission)

106Y

Nombor jisim106
nombor neutron67
jisim atom relatif
105.950842 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
75 ± 6 ms
Spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1997
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

107Y

Nombor jisim107
nombor neutron68
jisim atom relatif
106.954943 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
33.5 ± 0.3 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1997
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

108Y

Nombor jisim108
nombor neutron69
jisim atom relatif
107.960515 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
30 ± 5 ms
Spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2010
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

109Y

Nombor jisim109
nombor neutron70
jisim atom relatif
108.965131 ± 0.000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
25 ± 5 ms
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Yttrium sublimed dendritic and 1cm3 cube

sejarah

penemu atau perekaJohann Gadolin
tempat penemuanFinland
tarikh penemuan1789
EtimologiFrom the Swedish village, Ytterby, where one of its minerals was first found.
sebutanIT-ri-em (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (lautan)
0.000013 mg/L
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0.00019 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
0.000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0000007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.8244
2p3.9968
2s10.3778
3d13.6029
3p15.9075
3s15.4485
4d23.0416
4p26.2544
4s24.7364
5s32.744