Itrium, ²Yttriumi

Itrium, ²Yttriumi (Y)

chemical element with symbol Y and atomic number 39
Atomic Number39
Atomic Weight88.90584
Numri i masës89
Group3
Period5
Blockd
protoni39 p+
neutroni50 n0
elektroni39 e-
Animated Bohr model of Y (Itrium, ²Yttriumi)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
180 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
163 pm
Metallic Radius
162 pm
ionic radius
90 pm
Crystal Radius
104 pm
Van der Waals radius
232 pm
density
4,47 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Itrium, ²Yttriumi0153045607590105120135150165180195210225240pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
967 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
6,21726 eV/particle
ionization energy of Y (Itrium, ²Yttriumi)
enthalpy of vaporization
367 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
11,5 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
424,7 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 18, 9, 2
Bohr model: Y (Itrium, ²Yttriumi)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Y (Itrium, ²Yttriumi)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Kr] 4d1 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d1 5s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Y (Itrium, ²Yttriumi)
Orbital Diagram of Y (Itrium, ²Yttriumi)
oxidation number0, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegativiteti
1.22
Electrophilicity Index
0,9002558378903806 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3 618,15 K
Melting Point
1 795,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Silver
appearancesilvery white
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000106 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,53 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,298 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
1,8 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000057 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
1,3 K
Magnetizimi
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000666 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000005921 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0002978
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,65 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
41 GPa
shear modulus
26 GPa
Young's modulus
64 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,24
Shpejtësia e zërit
3 300 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIIA
IUPAC GroupIIIB
Glawe Number21
Mendeleev Number12
Pettifor Number19
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
945,9 kJ/mol
polarizability
162 ± 12 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
1,28
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00059
numër kuantik2D3/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Yttrium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes34
Natural Isotopes1

75Y

Numri i masës75
numri i neutroneve36
relative atomic mass
74,96584 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

76Y

Numri i masës76
numri i neutroneve37
relative atomic mass
75,958937 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
28 ± 9 ms
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2001
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
p (proton emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

77Y

Numri i masës77
numri i neutroneve38
relative atomic mass
76,950146 ± 0,000218 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
63 ± 17 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1999
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

78Y

Numri i masës78
numri i neutroneve39
relative atomic mass
77,94399 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
54 ± 5 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1992
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

79Y

Numri i masës79
numri i neutroneve40
relative atomic mass
78,937946 ± 0,000086 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,8 ± 0,6 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1992
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

80Y

Numri i masës80
numri i neutroneve41
relative atomic mass
79,93435475 ± 0,000006701 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30,1 ± 0,5 s
Spini4
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1981
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

81Y

Numri i masës81
numri i neutroneve42
relative atomic mass
80,929454283 ± 0,000005802 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
70,4 ± 1 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1981
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

82Y

Numri i masës82
numri i neutroneve43
relative atomic mass
81,926930189 ± 0,000005902 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,3 ± 0,2 s
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1980
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

83Y

Numri i masës83
numri i neutroneve44
relative atomic mass
82,922484026 ± 0,00002 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,08 ± 0,08 m
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1962
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

84Y

Numri i masës84
numri i neutroneve45
relative atomic mass
83,92067106 ± 0,000004615 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
39,5 ± 0,8 m
Spini6
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1962
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

85Y

Numri i masës85
numri i neutroneve46
relative atomic mass
84,916433039 ± 0,00002036 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,68 ± 0,05 h
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1952
parity

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

86Y

Numri i masës86
numri i neutroneve47
relative atomic mass
85,914886095 ± 0,000015182 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,74 ± 0,02 h
Spini4
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

87Y

Numri i masës87
numri i neutroneve48
relative atomic mass
86,9108761 ± 0,00000121 Da
g-factor
-0,38 ± 0,04
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
79,8 ± 0,3 h
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1940
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

88Y

Numri i masës88
numri i neutroneve49
relative atomic mass
87,909501274 ± 0,00000161 Da
g-factor
-0,105 ± 0,0025
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
106,629 ± 0,024 d
Spini4
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,16 ± 0,03
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

89Y

Numri i masës89
numri i neutroneve50
relative atomic mass
88,905838156 ± 0,000000363 Da
g-factor
-0,274596 ± 0,00001
natural abundance
100
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1923
parity-

90Y

Numri i masës90
numri i neutroneve51
relative atomic mass
89,907141749 ± 0,000000379 Da
g-factor
-0,814 ± 0,004
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
64,05 ± 0,05 h
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,125 ± 0,011
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1937
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

91Y

Numri i masës91
numri i neutroneve52
relative atomic mass
90,907298048 ± 0,000001978 Da
g-factor
0,3278 ± 0,0016
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
58,51 ± 0,06 d
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1943
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

92Y

Numri i masës92
numri i neutroneve53
relative atomic mass
91,908945752 ± 0,000009798 Da
g-factor
-0,335 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,54 ± 0,01 h
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0 ± 0,02
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1940
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

93Y

Numri i masës93
numri i neutroneve54
relative atomic mass
92,909578434 ± 0,000011259 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,18 ± 0,08 h
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

94Y

Numri i masës94
numri i neutroneve55
relative atomic mass
93,911592062 ± 0,000006849 Da
g-factor
-0,12 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
18,7 ± 0,1 m
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,03 ± 0,03
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

95Y

Numri i masës95
numri i neutroneve56
relative atomic mass
94,912819697 ± 0,000007277 Da
g-factor
-0,32 ± 0,06
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,3 ± 0,1 m
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1959
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

96Y

Numri i masës96
numri i neutroneve57
relative atomic mass
95,915909305 ± 0,000006521 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,34 ± 0,05 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1975
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

97Y

Numri i masës97
numri i neutroneve58
relative atomic mass
96,918286702 ± 0,000007201 Da
g-factor
-0,24 ± 0,02
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,75 ± 0,03 s
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1970
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.055%

98Y

Numri i masës98
numri i neutroneve59
relative atomic mass
97,922394841 ± 0,000008501 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
548 ± 2 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1970
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.33%

99Y

Numri i masës99
numri i neutroneve60
relative atomic mass
98,924160839 ± 0,000007101 Da
g-factor
1,272 ± 0,008
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,484 ± 0,007 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,55 ± 0,17
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1975
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1.77%

100Y

Numri i masës100
numri i neutroneve61
relative atomic mass
99,927727678 ± 0,000012 Da
g-factor
0,6875 ± 0,0025
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
940 ± 30 ms
Spini4
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1977
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

101Y

Numri i masës101
numri i neutroneve62
relative atomic mass
100,930160817 ± 0,000007601 Da
g-factor
1,288 ± 0,008
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
426 ± 20 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,53 ± 0,17
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1983
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.3%

102Y

Numri i masës102
numri i neutroneve63
relative atomic mass
101,934328471 ± 0,000004381 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
360 ± 40 ms
Spini5
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1980
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.6%

103Y

Numri i masës103
numri i neutroneve64
relative atomic mass
102,937243796 ± 0,000012029 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
239 ± 12 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)8%

104Y

Numri i masës104
numri i neutroneve65
relative atomic mass
103,941943 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
197 ± 4 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)34%
2n (2-neutron emission)

105Y

Numri i masës105
numri i neutroneve66
relative atomic mass
104,945711 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
95 ± 9 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)82%
2n (2-neutron emission)

106Y

Numri i masës106
numri i neutroneve67
relative atomic mass
105,950842 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
75 ± 6 ms
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1997
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

107Y

Numri i masës107
numri i neutroneve68
relative atomic mass
106,954943 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
33,5 ± 0,3 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1997
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

108Y

Numri i masës108
numri i neutroneve69
relative atomic mass
107,960515 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30 ± 5 ms
Spini6
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

109Y

Numri i masës109
numri i neutroneve70
relative atomic mass
108,965131 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25 ± 5 ms
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Yttrium sublimed dendritic and 1cm3 cube

historia

zbuluesJohann Gadolin
vendndodhja e zbulimitFinland
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1789
EtimologjiaFrom the Swedish village, Ytterby, where one of its minerals was first found.
pronunciationIT-ri-em (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Oqeani)
0,000013 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00019 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000007 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.8244
2p3.9968
2s10.3778
3d13.6029
3p15.9075
3s15.4485
4d23.0416
4p26.2544
4s24.7364
5s32.744