Itterbium

Itterbium (Yb)

element with the atomic number of 70
Atomic Number70
Atomic Weight173.045
Massagetal174
Group
Period6
Blockf
proton70 p+
neutron104 n0
elektron70 e-
Animated Bohr model of Yb (Itterbium)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
175 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
170 pm
Metallic Radius
Ioonradius
102 pm
Crystal Radius
116 pm
Van der Waals radius
226 pm
density
6,9 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Itterbium0153045607590105120135150165180195210225240pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
6,25416 eV/particle
ionization energy of Yb (Itterbium)
Verdampingswarmte
159 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
3,35 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
155,6 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
Bohr model: Yb (Itterbium)
Valenselektrone2
Lewisteorie: Yb (Itterbium)
elektronkonfigurasie[Xe] 4f14 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Yb (Itterbium)
Orbital Diagram of Yb (Itterbium)
Oksidasietoestand0, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegatiwiteit
Electrophilicity Index
0,7743018767771305 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1 469,15 K
Melting Point
1 097,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
kleur
Silver
appearance
Brekingsindeks
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000263 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,74 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,155 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Geleidingsvermoë
3,6 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
0,00000028 m Ω
superconductivity
Magnetisme
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000059 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,00000000102 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0000388
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
5,49 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
Massamodulus
31 GPa
Skuifmodulus
9,9 GPa
Young se modulus
24 GPa
Poisson se verhouding
0,21
Spoed van klank
1 590 m/s
classification
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number18
Mendeleev Number39
Pettifor Number17
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
139 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
35
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0076
quantum number1S0
Ruimtegroep225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Ytterbium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes33
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition17432.03%17432.03%17221.69%17221.69%17316.10%17316.10%17114.09%17114.09%17613.00%17613.00%1702.98%1702.98%1680.12%1680.12%

148Yb

Massagetal148
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
147,967547 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

149Yb

Massagetal149
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
148,964219 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
700 ± 200 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)100%

150Yb

Massagetal150
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
149,958314 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2000
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

151Yb

Massagetal151
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
150,955402453 ± 0,000322591 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,6 ± 0,5 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

152Yb

Massagetal152
neutron number82
relative atomic mass
151,950326699 ± 0,000160718 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,03 ± 0,06 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

153Yb

Massagetal153
neutron number83
relative atomic mass
152,949372 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,2 ± 0,2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1977
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.008%

154Yb

Massagetal154
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
153,946395696 ± 0,000018551 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
409 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)92.6%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)7.4%

155Yb

Massagetal155
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
154,945783216 ± 0,00001782 Da
g-factor
-0,26 ± 0,0057142857142857
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,793 ± 0,02 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,5 ± 0,3
ontdekkingsdatum1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)89%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)11%

156Yb

Massagetal156
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
155,942817096 ± 0,000009992 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
26,1 ± 0,7 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)90%
α (α emission)10%

157Yb

Massagetal157
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
156,942651368 ± 0,000011706 Da
g-factor
-0,182 ± 0,0022857142857143
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
38,6 ± 1 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

158Yb

Massagetal158
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
157,939871202 ± 0,000008559 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,49 ± 0,13 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0021%

159Yb

Massagetal159
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
158,940060257 ± 0,000018874 Da
g-factor
-0,146 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,67 ± 0,09 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,22 ± 0,02
ontdekkingsdatum1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Yb

Massagetal160
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
159,93755921 ± 0,0000059 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,8 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

161Yb

Massagetal161
neutron number91
relative atomic mass
160,937912384 ± 0,000016211 Da
g-factor
-0,21733333333333 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,2 ± 0,2 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,03 ± 0,02
ontdekkingsdatum1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Yb

Massagetal162
neutron number92
relative atomic mass
161,935779342 ± 0,000016213 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
18,87 ± 0,19 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Yb

Massagetal163
neutron number93
relative atomic mass
162,936345406 ± 0,000016215 Da
g-factor
-0,24866666666667 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
11,05 ± 0,35 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,24 ± 0,02
ontdekkingsdatum1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Yb

Massagetal164
neutron number94
relative atomic mass
163,934500743 ± 0,000016217 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
75,8 ± 1,7 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

165Yb

Massagetal165
neutron number95
relative atomic mass
164,935270241 ± 0,00002849 Da
g-factor
0,1908 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
9,9 ± 0,3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,48 ± 0,04
ontdekkingsdatum1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Yb

Massagetal166
neutron number96
relative atomic mass
165,933876439 ± 0,000007515 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
56,7 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

167Yb

Massagetal167
neutron number97
relative atomic mass
166,934954069 ± 0,000004251 Da
g-factor
0,2484 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
17,5 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,7 ± 0,04
ontdekkingsdatum1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

168Yb

Massagetal168
neutron number98
relative atomic mass
167,933891297 ± 0,0000001 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,123 ± 0,003
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

169Yb

Massagetal169
neutron number99
relative atomic mass
168,935184208 ± 0,000000191 Da
g-factor
-0,18085714285714 ± 0,0022857142857143
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
32,014 ± 0,005 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,54 ± 0,06
ontdekkingsdatum1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

170Yb

Massagetal170
neutron number100
relative atomic mass
169,934767242 ± 0,000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2,982 ± 0,039
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1938
parity+

171Yb

Massagetal171
neutron number101
relative atomic mass
170,936331515 ± 0,000000013 Da
g-factor
0,9846 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
14,086 ± 0,14
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1934
parity-

172Yb

Massagetal172
neutron number102
relative atomic mass
171,936386654 ± 0,000000014 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
21,686 ± 0,13
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1934
parity+

173Yb

Massagetal173
neutron number103
relative atomic mass
172,938216211 ± 0,000000012 Da
g-factor
-0,2712 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
16,103 ± 0,063
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,8 ± 0,04
ontdekkingsdatum1934
parity-

174Yb

Massagetal174
neutron number104
relative atomic mass
173,938867545 ± 0,000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32,025 ± 0,08
radioaktiwiteitStabiele isotoop
HalfleeftydNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1934
parity+

175Yb

Massagetal175
neutron number105
relative atomic mass
174,941281907 ± 0,000000076 Da
g-factor
0,21885714285714 ± 0,0022857142857143
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,185 ± 0,001 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,52 ± 0,05
ontdekkingsdatum1945
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

176Yb

Massagetal176
neutron number106
relative atomic mass
175,942574706 ± 0,000000015 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
12,995 ± 0,083
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

177Yb

Massagetal177
neutron number107
relative atomic mass
176,945263846 ± 0,000000236 Da
g-factor
-0,15444444444444 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,911 ± 0,003 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
4,03 ± 0,06
ontdekkingsdatum1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

178Yb

Massagetal178
neutron number108
relative atomic mass
177,9466694 ± 0,000007072 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
74 ± 3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

179Yb

Massagetal179
neutron number109
relative atomic mass
178,94993 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
8 ± 0,4 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

180Yb

Massagetal180
neutron number110
relative atomic mass
179,951991 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,4 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

181Yb

Massagetal181
neutron number111
relative atomic mass
180,95589 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2000
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

182Yb

Massagetal182
neutron number112
relative atomic mass
181,958239 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

183Yb

Massagetal183
neutron number113
relative atomic mass
182,962426 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

184Yb

Massagetal184
neutron number114
relative atomic mass
183,965002 ± 0,00054 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

185Yb

Massagetal185
neutron number115
relative atomic mass
184,969425 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Ytterbium element

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurJean de Marignac
ligging van ontdekkingSwitzerland
ontdekkingsdatum1878
etimologieNamed for the Swedish village of Ytterby.
uitspraaki-TUR-bi-em (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
3,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,00000082 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
0,000018 %
natural abundance (Son)
0,0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3611
2p4.3716
2s18.306
3d13.6033
3p20.6635
3s21.2398
4d36.4104
4f40.568
4p33.598
4s32.4824
5p52.1685
5s49.85
6s61.4068