Ytterbijum, ²Iterbij

Ytterbijum, ²Iterbij (Yb)

hemijski element sa simbolom Yb i atomskim brojem 70
Atomic Number70
Atomic Weight173.045
Maseni broj174
Group
Period6
Blockf
Proton70 p+
Neutron104 n0
Elektron70 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Yb (Ytterbijum, ²Iterbij)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
175 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
170 pm
Metallic Radius
Ionski radijus
102 pm
Crystal Radius
116 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
226 pm
gustoća
6,9 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Ytterbijum, ²Iterbij0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
6,25416 eV/particle
ionization energy of Yb (Ytterbijum, ²Iterbij)
Toplota isparavanja
159 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
3,35 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
155,6 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Yb (Ytterbijum, ²Iterbij)
Valentni elektron2
Lewis structure: Yb (Ytterbijum, ²Iterbij)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 6s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Yb (Ytterbijum, ²Iterbij)
Orbital Diagram of Yb (Ytterbijum, ²Iterbij)
oksidacijsko stanje0, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegativnost
Electrophilicity Index
0,7743018767771305 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1.469,15 K
Melting Point
1.097,15 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Silver
appearance
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000263 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,74 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,155 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
3,6 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000028 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000059 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,00000000102 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0000388
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
5,49 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
31 GPa
shear modulus
9,9 GPa
Young's modulus
24 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,21
Brzina zvuka
1.590 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number18
Mendeleev Number39
Pettifor Number17
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
139 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
35
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0076
Kvantni brojevi1S0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Ytterbium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes33
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition17432.03%17432.03%17221.69%17221.69%17316.10%17316.10%17114.09%17114.09%17613.00%17613.00%1702.98%1702.98%1680.12%1680.12%

148Yb

Maseni broj148
broj neutrona78
relative atomic mass
147,967547 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

149Yb

Maseni broj149
broj neutrona79
relative atomic mass
148,964219 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
700 ± 200 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)100%

150Yb

Maseni broj150
broj neutrona80
relative atomic mass
149,958314 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2000
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

151Yb

Maseni broj151
broj neutrona81
relative atomic mass
150,955402453 ± 0,000322591 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,6 ± 0,5 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

152Yb

Maseni broj152
broj neutrona82
relative atomic mass
151,950326699 ± 0,000160718 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,03 ± 0,06 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

153Yb

Maseni broj153
broj neutrona83
relative atomic mass
152,949372 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,2 ± 0,2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1977
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.008%

154Yb

Maseni broj154
broj neutrona84
relative atomic mass
153,946395696 ± 0,000018551 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
409 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)92.6%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)7.4%

155Yb

Maseni broj155
broj neutrona85
relative atomic mass
154,945783216 ± 0,00001782 Da
g-factor
-0,26 ± 0,0057142857142857
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,793 ± 0,02 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,5 ± 0,3
datum otkrića1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)89%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)11%

156Yb

Maseni broj156
broj neutrona86
relative atomic mass
155,942817096 ± 0,000009992 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
26,1 ± 0,7 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)90%
α (α emission)10%

157Yb

Maseni broj157
broj neutrona87
relative atomic mass
156,942651368 ± 0,000011706 Da
g-factor
-0,182 ± 0,0022857142857143
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
38,6 ± 1 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

158Yb

Maseni broj158
broj neutrona88
relative atomic mass
157,939871202 ± 0,000008559 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,49 ± 0,13 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0021%

159Yb

Maseni broj159
broj neutrona89
relative atomic mass
158,940060257 ± 0,000018874 Da
g-factor
-0,146 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,67 ± 0,09 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,22 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Yb

Maseni broj160
broj neutrona90
relative atomic mass
159,93755921 ± 0,0000059 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,8 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

161Yb

Maseni broj161
broj neutrona91
relative atomic mass
160,937912384 ± 0,000016211 Da
g-factor
-0,21733333333333 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,2 ± 0,2 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,03 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Yb

Maseni broj162
broj neutrona92
relative atomic mass
161,935779342 ± 0,000016213 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
18,87 ± 0,19 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Yb

Maseni broj163
broj neutrona93
relative atomic mass
162,936345406 ± 0,000016215 Da
g-factor
-0,24866666666667 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
11,05 ± 0,35 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,24 ± 0,02
datum otkrića1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Yb

Maseni broj164
broj neutrona94
relative atomic mass
163,934500743 ± 0,000016217 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
75,8 ± 1,7 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

165Yb

Maseni broj165
broj neutrona95
relative atomic mass
164,935270241 ± 0,00002849 Da
g-factor
0,1908 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,9 ± 0,3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,48 ± 0,04
datum otkrića1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Yb

Maseni broj166
broj neutrona96
relative atomic mass
165,933876439 ± 0,000007515 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
56,7 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

167Yb

Maseni broj167
broj neutrona97
relative atomic mass
166,934954069 ± 0,000004251 Da
g-factor
0,2484 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
17,5 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,7 ± 0,04
datum otkrića1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

168Yb

Maseni broj168
broj neutrona98
relative atomic mass
167,933891297 ± 0,0000001 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,123 ± 0,003
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

169Yb

Maseni broj169
broj neutrona99
relative atomic mass
168,935184208 ± 0,000000191 Da
g-factor
-0,18085714285714 ± 0,0022857142857143
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
32,014 ± 0,005 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,54 ± 0,06
datum otkrića1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

170Yb

Maseni broj170
broj neutrona100
relative atomic mass
169,934767242 ± 0,000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2,982 ± 0,039
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1938
parity+

171Yb

Maseni broj171
broj neutrona101
relative atomic mass
170,936331515 ± 0,000000013 Da
g-factor
0,9846 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
14,086 ± 0,14
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1934
parity-

172Yb

Maseni broj172
broj neutrona102
relative atomic mass
171,936386654 ± 0,000000014 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
21,686 ± 0,13
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1934
parity+

173Yb

Maseni broj173
broj neutrona103
relative atomic mass
172,938216211 ± 0,000000012 Da
g-factor
-0,2712 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
16,103 ± 0,063
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,8 ± 0,04
datum otkrića1934
parity-

174Yb

Maseni broj174
broj neutrona104
relative atomic mass
173,938867545 ± 0,000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32,025 ± 0,08
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1934
parity+

175Yb

Maseni broj175
broj neutrona105
relative atomic mass
174,941281907 ± 0,000000076 Da
g-factor
0,21885714285714 ± 0,0022857142857143
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,185 ± 0,001 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,52 ± 0,05
datum otkrića1945
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

176Yb

Maseni broj176
broj neutrona106
relative atomic mass
175,942574706 ± 0,000000015 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
12,995 ± 0,083
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

177Yb

Maseni broj177
broj neutrona107
relative atomic mass
176,945263846 ± 0,000000236 Da
g-factor
-0,15444444444444 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,911 ± 0,003 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
4,03 ± 0,06
datum otkrića1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

178Yb

Maseni broj178
broj neutrona108
relative atomic mass
177,9466694 ± 0,000007072 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
74 ± 3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

179Yb

Maseni broj179
broj neutrona109
relative atomic mass
178,94993 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8 ± 0,4 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

180Yb

Maseni broj180
broj neutrona110
relative atomic mass
179,951991 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,4 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

181Yb

Maseni broj181
broj neutrona111
relative atomic mass
180,95589 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2000
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

182Yb

Maseni broj182
broj neutrona112
relative atomic mass
181,958239 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

183Yb

Maseni broj183
broj neutrona113
relative atomic mass
182,962426 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

184Yb

Maseni broj184
broj neutrona114
relative atomic mass
183,965002 ± 0,00054 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

185Yb

Maseni broj185
broj neutrona115
relative atomic mass
184,969425 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Ytterbium element

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljJean de Marignac
mjesto otkrićaSwitzerland
datum otkrića1878
EtimologijaNamed for the Swedish village of Ytterby.
pronunciationi-TUR-bi-em (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
3,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
0,00000082 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,000018 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3611
2p4.3716
2s18.306
3d13.6033
3p20.6635
3s21.2398
4d36.4104
4f40.568
4p33.598
4s32.4824
5p52.1685
5s49.85
6s61.4068