Iterbi

Iterbi (Yb)

element with the atomic number of 70
Atomic Number70
Atomic Weight173.045
Rhif màs174
Group
Period6
Blockf
Proton70 p+
Niwtron104 n0
Electron70 e-
Animated Bohr model of Yb (Iterbi)

Nodwedd Ffisegol

Atomic Radius
175 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
170 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
102 pm
Crystal Radius
116 pm
Van der Waals radius
226 pm
density
6.9 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Iterbi0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Nodwedd Gemegol

egni
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
6.25416 eV/particle
ionization energy of Yb (Iterbi)
enthalpy of vaporization
159 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
3.35 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
155.6 kJ/mol
Electron
plisgyn yr electron2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
Bohr model: Yb (Iterbi)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Yb (Iterbi)
trefn yr electronnau[Xe] 4f14 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Yb (Iterbi)
Orbital Diagram of Yb (Iterbi)
Cyflwr ocsidiad0, 1, 2, 3
Electronegatifedd
Electrophilicity Index
0.7743018767771305 eV/particle
cyflwr sylfaenol mater
cyflwr materSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1,469.15 K
Melting Point
1,097.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
lliw
Silver
appearance
Mynegrif plygiant
nodwedd ffisegol gwrthrych
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0.0000263 1/K
molar heat capacity
26.74 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.155 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
dargludedd trydanol
3.6 MS/m
Gwrthedd
0.00000028 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.0000000059 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.00000000102 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.0000388
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strwythur
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
5.49 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
nodwedd mecanyddol deunyddiau
hardness
bulk modulus
31 GPa
shear modulus
9.9 GPa
Young's modulus
24 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0.21
speed of sound
1,590 m/s
classification
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number18
Mendeleev Number39
Pettifor Number17
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
139 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
35
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0076
quantum number1S0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Ytterbium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes33
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition17432.03%17432.03%17221.69%17221.69%17316.10%17316.10%17114.09%17114.09%17613.00%17613.00%1702.98%1702.98%1680.12%1680.12%

148Yb

Rhif màs148
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
147.967547 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

149Yb

Rhif màs149
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
148.964219 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
700 ± 200 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)100%

150Yb

Rhif màs150
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
149.958314 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2000
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

151Yb

Rhif màs151
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
150.955402453 ± 0.000322591 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.6 ± 0.5 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

152Yb

Rhif màs152
neutron number82
relative atomic mass
151.950326699 ± 0.000160718 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
3.03 ± 0.06 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

153Yb

Rhif màs153
neutron number83
relative atomic mass
152.949372 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
4.2 ± 0.2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1977
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.008%

154Yb

Rhif màs154
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
153.946395696 ± 0.000018551 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
409 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)92.6%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)7.4%

155Yb

Rhif màs155
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
154.945783216 ± 0.00001782 Da
g-factor
-0.26 ± 0.0057142857142857
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.793 ± 0.02 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.5 ± 0.3
dyddiad darganfod1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)89%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)11%

156Yb

Rhif màs156
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
155.942817096 ± 0.000009992 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
26.1 ± 0.7 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)90%
α (α emission)10%

157Yb

Rhif màs157
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
156.942651368 ± 0.000011706 Da
g-factor
-0.182 ± 0.0022857142857143
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
38.6 ± 1 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

158Yb

Rhif màs158
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
157.939871202 ± 0.000008559 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.49 ± 0.13 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0021%

159Yb

Rhif màs159
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
158.940060257 ± 0.000018874 Da
g-factor
-0.146 ± 0.0032
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.67 ± 0.09 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.22 ± 0.02
dyddiad darganfod1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Yb

Rhif màs160
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
159.93755921 ± 0.0000059 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
4.8 ± 0.2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

161Yb

Rhif màs161
neutron number91
relative atomic mass
160.937912384 ± 0.000016211 Da
g-factor
-0.21733333333333 ± 0.0053333333333333
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
4.2 ± 0.2 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.03 ± 0.02
dyddiad darganfod1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Yb

Rhif màs162
neutron number92
relative atomic mass
161.935779342 ± 0.000016213 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
18.87 ± 0.19 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Yb

Rhif màs163
neutron number93
relative atomic mass
162.936345406 ± 0.000016215 Da
g-factor
-0.24866666666667 ± 0.0053333333333333
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
11.05 ± 0.35 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.24 ± 0.02
dyddiad darganfod1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Yb

Rhif màs164
neutron number94
relative atomic mass
163.934500743 ± 0.000016217 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
75.8 ± 1.7 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

165Yb

Rhif màs165
neutron number95
relative atomic mass
164.935270241 ± 0.00002849 Da
g-factor
0.1908 ± 0.0032
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
9.9 ± 0.3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2.48 ± 0.04
dyddiad darganfod1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Yb

Rhif màs166
neutron number96
relative atomic mass
165.933876439 ± 0.000007515 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
56.7 ± 0.1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

167Yb

Rhif màs167
neutron number97
relative atomic mass
166.934954069 ± 0.000004251 Da
g-factor
0.2484 ± 0.0032
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
17.5 ± 0.2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2.7 ± 0.04
dyddiad darganfod1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

168Yb

Rhif màs168
neutron number98
relative atomic mass
167.933891297 ± 0.0000001 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.123 ± 0.003
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

169Yb

Rhif màs169
neutron number99
relative atomic mass
168.935184208 ± 0.000000191 Da
g-factor
-0.18085714285714 ± 0.0022857142857143
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
32.014 ± 0.005 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3.54 ± 0.06
dyddiad darganfod1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

170Yb

Rhif màs170
neutron number100
relative atomic mass
169.934767242 ± 0.000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2.982 ± 0.039
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1938
parity+

171Yb

Rhif màs171
neutron number101
relative atomic mass
170.936331515 ± 0.000000013 Da
g-factor
0.9846 ± 0.0008
natural abundance
14.086 ± 0.14
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1934
parity-

172Yb

Rhif màs172
neutron number102
relative atomic mass
171.936386654 ± 0.000000014 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
21.686 ± 0.13
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1934
parity+

173Yb

Rhif màs173
neutron number103
relative atomic mass
172.938216211 ± 0.000000012 Da
g-factor
-0.2712 ± 0.00024
natural abundance
16.103 ± 0.063
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2.8 ± 0.04
dyddiad darganfod1934
parity-

174Yb

Rhif màs174
neutron number104
relative atomic mass
173.938867545 ± 0.000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32.025 ± 0.08
Dadfeilio ymbelydrolstable isotope
Hanner oesNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1934
parity+

175Yb

Rhif màs175
neutron number105
relative atomic mass
174.941281907 ± 0.000000076 Da
g-factor
0.21885714285714 ± 0.0022857142857143
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
4.185 ± 0.001 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3.52 ± 0.05
dyddiad darganfod1945
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

176Yb

Rhif màs176
neutron number106
relative atomic mass
175.942574706 ± 0.000000015 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
12.995 ± 0.083
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

177Yb

Rhif màs177
neutron number107
relative atomic mass
176.945263846 ± 0.000000236 Da
g-factor
-0.15444444444444 ± 0.0033333333333333
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
1.911 ± 0.003 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
4.03 ± 0.06
dyddiad darganfod1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

178Yb

Rhif màs178
neutron number108
relative atomic mass
177.9466694 ± 0.000007072 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
74 ± 3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

179Yb

Rhif màs179
neutron number109
relative atomic mass
178.94993 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
8 ± 0.4 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

180Yb

Rhif màs180
neutron number110
relative atomic mass
179.951991 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
2.4 ± 0.5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

181Yb

Rhif màs181
neutron number111
relative atomic mass
180.95589 ± 0.00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2000
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

182Yb

Rhif màs182
neutron number112
relative atomic mass
181.958239 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

183Yb

Rhif màs183
neutron number113
relative atomic mass
182.962426 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

184Yb

Rhif màs184
neutron number114
relative atomic mass
183.965002 ± 0.00054 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dyddiad darganfod2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

185Yb

Rhif màs185
neutron number115
relative atomic mass
184.969425 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Dadfeilio ymbelydrol☢️ elfen ymbelydrol
Hanner oes
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dyddiad darganfod2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Ytterbium element

hanes

darganfyddwr neu ddyfeisiwrJean de Marignac
man darganfodSwitzerland
dyddiad darganfod1878
geirdarddiadNamed for the Swedish village of Ytterby.
ynganiadi-TUR-bi-em (Saesneg)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
3.2 mg/kg
natural abundance (cefnfor)
0.00000082 mg/L
natural abundance (corff dynol)
natural abundance (Awyrfaen)
0.000018 %
natural abundance (Haul)
0.0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3611
2p4.3716
2s18.306
3d13.6033
3p20.6635
3s21.2398
4d36.4104
4f40.568
4p33.598
4s32.4824
5p52.1685
5s49.85
6s61.4068