Iterbij

Iterbij (Yb)

element with the atomic number of 70
Atomski broj70
Relativna atomska masa173.045
Maseni broj174
Skupina
Perioda6
Blokf
proton70 p+
neutron104 n0
elektron70 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Yb (Iterbij)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
175 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
170 pm
Metallic Radius
Ionski radijus
102 pm
Crystal Radius
116 pm
Van der Waals radius
226 pm
gustoća
6,9 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Iterbij0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
Elektronski afinitet
−0,02 eV/particle
ionization energy
6,25416 eV/particle
ionization energy of Yb (Iterbij)
Toplina isparivanja
159 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
3,35 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
155,6 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
Bohrov model atoma: Yb (Iterbij)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Yb (Iterbij)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 6s2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Yb (Iterbij)
Orbital Diagram of Yb (Iterbij)
Oksidacijski broj0, 1, 2, 3
Elektronegativnost
Electrophilicity Index
0,7743018767771305 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeČvrsto
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
1.469,15 K
Talište
1.097,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Srebrna
appearance
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
Toplinsko istezanje
0,0000263 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,74 J/(mol K)
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
0,155 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
3,6 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,00000028 m Ω
Supravodljivost
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
0,0000000059 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
0,00000000102 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
0,0000388
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
Néel temperature
struktura
Kristalna strukturaKubna plošno centrirana (FCC)
lattice constant
5,49 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
bulk modulus
31 GPa
shear modulus
9,9 GPa
Youngov modul elastičnosti
24 GPa
Poissonov omjer
0,21
brzina zvuka
1.590 m/s
classification
KategorijaLantanoidi, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number18
Mendeleev Number39
Pettifor Number17
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
139 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Nuklearni udarni presjek
35
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0076
Kvantni brojevi1S0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Ytterbium

Stabilni izotopi5
Nestabilni izotopi33
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition17432.03%17432.03%17221.69%17221.69%17316.10%17316.10%17114.09%17114.09%17613.00%17613.00%1702.98%1702.98%1680.12%1680.12%

148Yb

Maseni broj148
neutron number78
Relativna atomska masa
147,967547 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

149Yb

Maseni broj149
neutron number79
Relativna atomska masa
148,964219 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
700 ± 200 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2001
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)100%

150Yb

Maseni broj150
neutron number80
Relativna atomska masa
149,958314 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2000
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

151Yb

Maseni broj151
neutron number81
Relativna atomska masa
150,955402453 ± 0,000322591 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,6 ± 0,5 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1985
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

152Yb

Maseni broj152
neutron number82
Relativna atomska masa
151,950326699 ± 0,000160718 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,03 ± 0,06 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1982
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

153Yb

Maseni broj153
neutron number83
Relativna atomska masa
152,949372 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,2 ± 0,2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1977
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.008%

154Yb

Maseni broj154
neutron number84
Relativna atomska masa
153,946395696 ± 0,000018551 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
409 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1964
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)92.6%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)7.4%

155Yb

Maseni broj155
neutron number85
Relativna atomska masa
154,945783216 ± 0,00001782 Da
g-factor
−0,26 ± 0,0057142857142857
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,793 ± 0,02 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,5 ± 0,3
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1964
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)89%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)11%

156Yb

Maseni broj156
neutron number86
Relativna atomska masa
155,942817096 ± 0,000009992 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
26,1 ± 0,7 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1970
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)90%
α (α emission)10%

157Yb

Maseni broj157
neutron number87
Relativna atomska masa
156,942651368 ± 0,000011706 Da
g-factor
−0,182 ± 0,0022857142857143
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
38,6 ± 1 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1970
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

158Yb

Maseni broj158
neutron number88
Relativna atomska masa
157,939871202 ± 0,000008559 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,49 ± 0,13 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1967
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0021%

159Yb

Maseni broj159
neutron number89
Relativna atomska masa
158,940060257 ± 0,000018874 Da
g-factor
−0,146 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,67 ± 0,09 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,22 ± 0,02
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1975
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Yb

Maseni broj160
neutron number90
Relativna atomska masa
159,93755921 ± 0,0000059 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,8 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1967
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

161Yb

Maseni broj161
neutron number91
Relativna atomska masa
160,937912384 ± 0,000016211 Da
g-factor
−0,21733333333333 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,2 ± 0,2 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,03 ± 0,02
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1974
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Yb

Maseni broj162
neutron number92
Relativna atomska masa
161,935779342 ± 0,000016213 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
18,87 ± 0,19 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1963
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Yb

Maseni broj163
neutron number93
Relativna atomska masa
162,936345406 ± 0,000016215 Da
g-factor
−0,24866666666667 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
11,05 ± 0,35 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,24 ± 0,02
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1967
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Yb

Maseni broj164
neutron number94
Relativna atomska masa
163,934500743 ± 0,000016217 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
75,8 ± 1,7 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1960
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

165Yb

Maseni broj165
neutron number95
Relativna atomska masa
164,935270241 ± 0,00002849 Da
g-factor
0,1908 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,9 ± 0,3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,48 ± 0,04
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1964
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Yb

Maseni broj166
neutron number96
Relativna atomska masa
165,933876439 ± 0,000007515 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
56,7 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1954
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

167Yb

Maseni broj167
neutron number97
Relativna atomska masa
166,934954069 ± 0,000004251 Da
g-factor
0,2484 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
17,5 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,7 ± 0,04
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1954
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

168Yb

Maseni broj168
neutron number98
Relativna atomska masa
167,933891297 ± 0,0000001 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,123 ± 0,003
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1938
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

169Yb

Maseni broj169
neutron number99
Relativna atomska masa
168,935184208 ± 0,000000191 Da
g-factor
−0,18085714285714 ± 0,0022857142857143
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
32,014 ± 0,005 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,54 ± 0,06
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1946
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

170Yb

Maseni broj170
neutron number100
Relativna atomska masa
169,934767242 ± 0,000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2,982 ± 0,039
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1938
Parnost+

171Yb

Maseni broj171
neutron number101
Relativna atomska masa
170,936331515 ± 0,000000013 Da
g-factor
0,9846 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
14,086 ± 0,14
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost-

172Yb

Maseni broj172
neutron number102
Relativna atomska masa
171,936386654 ± 0,000000014 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
21,686 ± 0,13
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost+

173Yb

Maseni broj173
neutron number103
Relativna atomska masa
172,938216211 ± 0,000000012 Da
g-factor
−0,2712 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
16,103 ± 0,063
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,8 ± 0,04
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost-

174Yb

Maseni broj174
neutron number104
Relativna atomska masa
173,938867545 ± 0,000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32,025 ± 0,08
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost+

175Yb

Maseni broj175
neutron number105
Relativna atomska masa
174,941281907 ± 0,000000076 Da
g-factor
0,21885714285714 ± 0,0022857142857143
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,185 ± 0,001 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,52 ± 0,05
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1945
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

176Yb

Maseni broj176
neutron number106
Relativna atomska masa
175,942574706 ± 0,000000015 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
12,995 ± 0,083
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1934
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

177Yb

Maseni broj177
neutron number107
Relativna atomska masa
176,945263846 ± 0,000000236 Da
g-factor
−0,15444444444444 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,911 ± 0,003 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
4,03 ± 0,06
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1945
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

178Yb

Maseni broj178
neutron number108
Relativna atomska masa
177,9466694 ± 0,000007072 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
74 ± 3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1973
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

179Yb

Maseni broj179
neutron number109
Relativna atomska masa
178,94993 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8 ± 0,4 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1982
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

180Yb

Maseni broj180
neutron number110
Relativna atomska masa
179,951991 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,4 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1987
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

181Yb

Maseni broj181
neutron number111
Relativna atomska masa
180,95589 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2000
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

182Yb

Maseni broj182
neutron number112
Relativna atomska masa
181,958239 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2012
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

183Yb

Maseni broj183
neutron number113
Relativna atomska masa
182,962426 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2012
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

184Yb

Maseni broj184
neutron number114
Relativna atomska masa
183,965002 ± 0,00054 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2012
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

185Yb

Maseni broj185
neutron number115
Relativna atomska masa
184,969425 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2012
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Ytterbium element

povijest

otkrio/izumioJean de Marignac
location of discoverySwitzerland
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1878
EtimologijaNamed for the Swedish village of Ytterby.
pronunciationi-TUR-bi-em (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
3,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (ocean)
0,00000082 mg/L
natural abundance (tijelo)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000018 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0000001 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3611
2p4.3716
2s18.306
3d13.6033
3p20.6635
3s21.2398
4d36.4104
4f40.568
4p33.598
4s32.4824
5p52.1685
5s49.85
6s61.4068