İtterbiyûm

İtterbiyûm (Yb)

element with the atomic number of 70
Atomic Number70
Atomic Weight173.045
Hejmara baristeyî174
Group
Period6
Blockf
Proton70 p+
Notron104 n0
Kareva70 e-
Animated Bohr model of Yb (İtterbiyûm)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
175 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
170 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
102 pm
Crystal Radius
116 pm
Van der Waals radius
226 pm
density
6,9 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: İtterbiyûm0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
6,25416 eV/particle
ionization energy of Yb (İtterbiyûm)
enthalpy of vaporization
159 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
3,35 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
155,6 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
Bohr model: Yb (İtterbiyûm)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Yb (İtterbiyûm)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Yb (İtterbiyûm)
Orbital Diagram of Yb (İtterbiyûm)
oxidation number0, 1, 2, 3
electronegativity
Electrophilicity Index
0,7743018767771305 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1.469,15 K
Melting Point
1.097,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
color
Silver
appearance
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000263 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,74 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,155 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
3,6 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000028 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000059 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,00000000102 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0000388
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
5,49 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
31 GPa
shear modulus
9,9 GPa
Young's modulus
24 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,21
Leza dengê
1.590 m/s
classification
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number18
Mendeleev Number39
Pettifor Number17
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
139 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
35
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0076
quantum number1S0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Ytterbium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes33
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition17432.03%17432.03%17221.69%17221.69%17316.10%17316.10%17114.09%17114.09%17613.00%17613.00%1702.98%1702.98%1680.12%1680.12%

148Yb

Hejmara baristeyî148
neutron number78
Giraniya atomê
147,967547 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

149Yb

Hejmara baristeyî149
neutron number79
Giraniya atomê
148,964219 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
700 ± 200 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)100%

150Yb

Hejmara baristeyî150
neutron number80
Giraniya atomê
149,958314 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2000
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

151Yb

Hejmara baristeyî151
neutron number81
Giraniya atomê
150,955402453 ± 0,000322591 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,6 ± 0,5 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

152Yb

Hejmara baristeyî152
neutron number82
Giraniya atomê
151,950326699 ± 0,000160718 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,03 ± 0,06 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

153Yb

Hejmara baristeyî153
neutron number83
Giraniya atomê
152,949372 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,2 ± 0,2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1977
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.008%

154Yb

Hejmara baristeyî154
neutron number84
Giraniya atomê
153,946395696 ± 0,000018551 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
409 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)92.6%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)7.4%

155Yb

Hejmara baristeyî155
neutron number85
Giraniya atomê
154,945783216 ± 0,00001782 Da
g-factor
-0,26 ± 0,0057142857142857
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,793 ± 0,02 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,5 ± 0,3
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)89%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)11%

156Yb

Hejmara baristeyî156
neutron number86
Giraniya atomê
155,942817096 ± 0,000009992 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
26,1 ± 0,7 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)90%
α (α emission)10%

157Yb

Hejmara baristeyî157
neutron number87
Giraniya atomê
156,942651368 ± 0,000011706 Da
g-factor
-0,182 ± 0,0022857142857143
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
38,6 ± 1 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

158Yb

Hejmara baristeyî158
neutron number88
Giraniya atomê
157,939871202 ± 0,000008559 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,49 ± 0,13 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0021%

159Yb

Hejmara baristeyî159
neutron number89
Giraniya atomê
158,940060257 ± 0,000018874 Da
g-factor
-0,146 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,67 ± 0,09 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,22 ± 0,02
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Yb

Hejmara baristeyî160
neutron number90
Giraniya atomê
159,93755921 ± 0,0000059 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,8 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

161Yb

Hejmara baristeyî161
neutron number91
Giraniya atomê
160,937912384 ± 0,000016211 Da
g-factor
-0,21733333333333 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,2 ± 0,2 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,03 ± 0,02
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Yb

Hejmara baristeyî162
neutron number92
Giraniya atomê
161,935779342 ± 0,000016213 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
18,87 ± 0,19 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Yb

Hejmara baristeyî163
neutron number93
Giraniya atomê
162,936345406 ± 0,000016215 Da
g-factor
-0,24866666666667 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,05 ± 0,35 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,24 ± 0,02
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Yb

Hejmara baristeyî164
neutron number94
Giraniya atomê
163,934500743 ± 0,000016217 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
75,8 ± 1,7 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

165Yb

Hejmara baristeyî165
neutron number95
Giraniya atomê
164,935270241 ± 0,00002849 Da
g-factor
0,1908 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,9 ± 0,3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,48 ± 0,04
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Yb

Hejmara baristeyî166
neutron number96
Giraniya atomê
165,933876439 ± 0,000007515 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56,7 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

167Yb

Hejmara baristeyî167
neutron number97
Giraniya atomê
166,934954069 ± 0,000004251 Da
g-factor
0,2484 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
17,5 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,7 ± 0,04
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

168Yb

Hejmara baristeyî168
neutron number98
Giraniya atomê
167,933891297 ± 0,0000001 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,123 ± 0,003
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

169Yb

Hejmara baristeyî169
neutron number99
Giraniya atomê
168,935184208 ± 0,000000191 Da
g-factor
-0,18085714285714 ± 0,0022857142857143
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32,014 ± 0,005 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,54 ± 0,06
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

170Yb

Hejmara baristeyî170
neutron number100
Giraniya atomê
169,934767242 ± 0,000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2,982 ± 0,039
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1938
parity+

171Yb

Hejmara baristeyî171
neutron number101
Giraniya atomê
170,936331515 ± 0,000000013 Da
g-factor
0,9846 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
14,086 ± 0,14
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1934
parity-

172Yb

Hejmara baristeyî172
neutron number102
Giraniya atomê
171,936386654 ± 0,000000014 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
21,686 ± 0,13
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1934
parity+

173Yb

Hejmara baristeyî173
neutron number103
Giraniya atomê
172,938216211 ± 0,000000012 Da
g-factor
-0,2712 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
16,103 ± 0,063
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,8 ± 0,04
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1934
parity-

174Yb

Hejmara baristeyî174
neutron number104
Giraniya atomê
173,938867545 ± 0,000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32,025 ± 0,08
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1934
parity+

175Yb

Hejmara baristeyî175
neutron number105
Giraniya atomê
174,941281907 ± 0,000000076 Da
g-factor
0,21885714285714 ± 0,0022857142857143
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,185 ± 0,001 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,52 ± 0,05
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1945
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

176Yb

Hejmara baristeyî176
neutron number106
Giraniya atomê
175,942574706 ± 0,000000015 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
12,995 ± 0,083
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

177Yb

Hejmara baristeyî177
neutron number107
Giraniya atomê
176,945263846 ± 0,000000236 Da
g-factor
-0,15444444444444 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,911 ± 0,003 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
4,03 ± 0,06
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

178Yb

Hejmara baristeyî178
neutron number108
Giraniya atomê
177,9466694 ± 0,000007072 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
74 ± 3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

179Yb

Hejmara baristeyî179
neutron number109
Giraniya atomê
178,94993 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8 ± 0,4 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

180Yb

Hejmara baristeyî180
neutron number110
Giraniya atomê
179,951991 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,4 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

181Yb

Hejmara baristeyî181
neutron number111
Giraniya atomê
180,95589 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2000
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

182Yb

Hejmara baristeyî182
neutron number112
Giraniya atomê
181,958239 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

183Yb

Hejmara baristeyî183
neutron number113
Giraniya atomê
182,962426 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

184Yb

Hejmara baristeyî184
neutron number114
Giraniya atomê
183,965002 ± 0,00054 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

185Yb

Hejmara baristeyî185
neutron number115
Giraniya atomê
184,969425 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Ytterbium element

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerJean de Marignac
location of discoverySwitzerland
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1878
BêjenasîNamed for the Swedish village of Ytterby.
pronunciationi-TUR-bi-em (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
3,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
0,00000082 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000018 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0,0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3611
2p4.3716
2s18.306
3d13.6033
3p20.6635
3s21.2398
4d36.4104
4f40.568
4p33.598
4s32.4824
5p52.1685
5s49.85
6s61.4068