Itterbju[m]

Itterbju[m] (Yb)

element with the atomic number of 70
Atomic Number70
Atomic Weight173.045
mass number174
Group
Period6
Blockf
proton70 p+
neutron104 n0
elettron70 e-
Animated Bohr model of Yb (Itterbju[m])

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
175 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
170 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
102 pm
Crystal Radius
116 pm
Van der Waals radius
226 pm
densità
6.9 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Itterbju[m]0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

enerġija
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
6.25416 eV/particle
ionization energy of Yb (Itterbju[m])
enthalpy of vaporization
159 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
3.35 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
155.6 kJ/mol
elettron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
Bohr model: Yb (Itterbju[m])
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Yb (Itterbju[m])
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Yb (Itterbju[m])
Orbital Diagram of Yb (Itterbju[m])
oxidation number0, 1, 2, 3
electronegativity
Electrophilicity Index
0.7743018767771305 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1,469.15 K
Melting Point
1,097.15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
kulur
Silver
appearance
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0.0000263 1/K
molar heat capacity
26.74 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.155 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
3.6 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0.00000028 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.0000000059 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.00000000102 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.0000388
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
5.49 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
31 GPa
shear modulus
9.9 GPa
Young's modulus
24 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0.21
speed of sound
1,590 m/s
classification
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number18
Mendeleev Number39
Pettifor Number17
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
139 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
35
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0076
quantum number1S0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Ytterbium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes33
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition17432.03%17432.03%17221.69%17221.69%17316.10%17316.10%17114.09%17114.09%17613.00%17613.00%1702.98%1702.98%1680.12%1680.12%

148Yb

mass number148
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
147.967547 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

149Yb

mass number149
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
148.964219 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
700 ± 200 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)100%

150Yb

mass number150
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
149.958314 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2000
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

151Yb

mass number151
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
150.955402453 ± 0.000322591 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1.6 ± 0.5 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

152Yb

mass number152
neutron number82
relative atomic mass
151.950326699 ± 0.000160718 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3.03 ± 0.06 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

153Yb

mass number153
neutron number83
relative atomic mass
152.949372 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4.2 ± 0.2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1977
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.008%

154Yb

mass number154
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
153.946395696 ± 0.000018551 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
409 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)92.6%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)7.4%

155Yb

mass number155
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
154.945783216 ± 0.00001782 Da
g-factor
-0.26 ± 0.0057142857142857
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1.793 ± 0.02 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.5 ± 0.3
time of discovery or invention1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)89%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)11%

156Yb

mass number156
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
155.942817096 ± 0.000009992 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
26.1 ± 0.7 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)90%
α (α emission)10%

157Yb

mass number157
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
156.942651368 ± 0.000011706 Da
g-factor
-0.182 ± 0.0022857142857143
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
38.6 ± 1 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

158Yb

mass number158
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
157.939871202 ± 0.000008559 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1.49 ± 0.13 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0021%

159Yb

mass number159
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
158.940060257 ± 0.000018874 Da
g-factor
-0.146 ± 0.0032
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1.67 ± 0.09 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0.22 ± 0.02
time of discovery or invention1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Yb

mass number160
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
159.93755921 ± 0.0000059 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4.8 ± 0.2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

161Yb

mass number161
neutron number91
relative atomic mass
160.937912384 ± 0.000016211 Da
g-factor
-0.21733333333333 ± 0.0053333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4.2 ± 0.2 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.03 ± 0.02
time of discovery or invention1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Yb

mass number162
neutron number92
relative atomic mass
161.935779342 ± 0.000016213 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
18.87 ± 0.19 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Yb

mass number163
neutron number93
relative atomic mass
162.936345406 ± 0.000016215 Da
g-factor
-0.24866666666667 ± 0.0053333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11.05 ± 0.35 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1.24 ± 0.02
time of discovery or invention1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Yb

mass number164
neutron number94
relative atomic mass
163.934500743 ± 0.000016217 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
75.8 ± 1.7 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

165Yb

mass number165
neutron number95
relative atomic mass
164.935270241 ± 0.00002849 Da
g-factor
0.1908 ± 0.0032
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9.9 ± 0.3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2.48 ± 0.04
time of discovery or invention1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Yb

mass number166
neutron number96
relative atomic mass
165.933876439 ± 0.000007515 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56.7 ± 0.1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

167Yb

mass number167
neutron number97
relative atomic mass
166.934954069 ± 0.000004251 Da
g-factor
0.2484 ± 0.0032
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
17.5 ± 0.2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2.7 ± 0.04
time of discovery or invention1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

168Yb

mass number168
neutron number98
relative atomic mass
167.933891297 ± 0.0000001 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0.123 ± 0.003
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

169Yb

mass number169
neutron number99
relative atomic mass
168.935184208 ± 0.000000191 Da
g-factor
-0.18085714285714 ± 0.0022857142857143
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32.014 ± 0.005 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3.54 ± 0.06
time of discovery or invention1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

170Yb

mass number170
neutron number100
relative atomic mass
169.934767242 ± 0.000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2.982 ± 0.039
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1938
parity+

171Yb

mass number171
neutron number101
relative atomic mass
170.936331515 ± 0.000000013 Da
g-factor
0.9846 ± 0.0008
natural abundance
14.086 ± 0.14
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1934
parity-

172Yb

mass number172
neutron number102
relative atomic mass
171.936386654 ± 0.000000014 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
21.686 ± 0.13
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1934
parity+

173Yb

mass number173
neutron number103
relative atomic mass
172.938216211 ± 0.000000012 Da
g-factor
-0.2712 ± 0.00024
natural abundance
16.103 ± 0.063
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2.8 ± 0.04
time of discovery or invention1934
parity-

174Yb

mass number174
neutron number104
relative atomic mass
173.938867545 ± 0.000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32.025 ± 0.08
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1934
parity+

175Yb

mass number175
neutron number105
relative atomic mass
174.941281907 ± 0.000000076 Da
g-factor
0.21885714285714 ± 0.0022857142857143
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4.185 ± 0.001 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3.52 ± 0.05
time of discovery or invention1945
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

176Yb

mass number176
neutron number106
relative atomic mass
175.942574706 ± 0.000000015 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
12.995 ± 0.083
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

177Yb

mass number177
neutron number107
relative atomic mass
176.945263846 ± 0.000000236 Da
g-factor
-0.15444444444444 ± 0.0033333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1.911 ± 0.003 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
4.03 ± 0.06
time of discovery or invention1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

178Yb

mass number178
neutron number108
relative atomic mass
177.9466694 ± 0.000007072 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
74 ± 3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

179Yb

mass number179
neutron number109
relative atomic mass
178.94993 ± 0.000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8 ± 0.4 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

180Yb

mass number180
neutron number110
relative atomic mass
179.951991 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2.4 ± 0.5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

181Yb

mass number181
neutron number111
relative atomic mass
180.95589 ± 0.00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2000
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

182Yb

mass number182
neutron number112
relative atomic mass
181.958239 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

183Yb

mass number183
neutron number113
relative atomic mass
182.962426 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

184Yb

mass number184
neutron number114
relative atomic mass
183.965002 ± 0.00054 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

185Yb

mass number185
neutron number115
relative atomic mass
184.969425 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Ytterbium element

storja

discoverer or inventorJean de Marignac
location of discoverySwitzerland
time of discovery or invention1878
etimoloġijaNamed for the Swedish village of Ytterby.
pronunciationi-TUR-bi-em (Ingliż)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
3.2 mg/kg
natural abundance (ocean)
0.00000082 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0.000018 %
natural abundance (Xemx)
0.0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3611
2p4.3716
2s18.306
3d13.6033
3p20.6635
3s21.2398
4d36.4104
4f40.568
4p33.598
4s32.4824
5p52.1685
5s49.85
6s61.4068