Иттербий

Иттербий (Yb)

element with the atomic number of 70
Atomic Number70
Atomic Weight173.045
Адади массавӣ174
Group
Period6
Blockf
proton70 p+
neutron104 n0
electron70 e-
Animated Bohr model of Yb (Иттербий)

Хусусияти Физикӣ

Atomic Radius
175 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
170 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
102 pm
Crystal Radius
116 pm
Van der Waals radius
226 pm
зичӣ
6,9 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Иттербий0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

энергия
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
6,25416 eV/particle
ionization energy of Yb (Иттербий)
enthalpy of vaporization
159 kJ/mol
гармои гудозиш
3,35 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
155,6 kJ/mol
electron
Абри электронӣ2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
Bohr model: Yb (Иттербий)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Yb (Иттербий)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Yb (Иттербий)
Orbital Diagram of Yb (Иттербий)
oxidation number0, 1, 2, 3
electronegativity
Electrophilicity Index
0,7743018767771305 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1 469,15 K
Melting Point
1 097,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ранг
Silver
appearance
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000263 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,74 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
навъConductor
electrical conductivity
3,6 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000028 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
навъparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000059 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,00000000102 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0000388
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
сохт
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
5,49 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
31 GPa
shear modulus
9,9 GPa
Young's modulus
24 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,21
speed of sound
1 590 m/s
classification
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number18
Mendeleev Number39
Pettifor Number17
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
139 ± 6 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
35
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0076
ададҳои квантӣ1S0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Ytterbium

Stable Isotopes5
Unstable Isotopes33
Natural Isotopes7
Isotopic Composition17432.03%17432.03%17221.69%17221.69%17316.10%17316.10%17114.09%17114.09%17613.00%17613.00%1702.98%1702.98%1680.12%1680.12%

148Yb

Адади массавӣ148
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
147,967547 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

149Yb

Адади массавӣ149
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
148,964219 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
700 ± 200 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)100%

150Yb

Адади массавӣ150
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
149,958314 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2000
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

151Yb

Адади массавӣ151
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
150,955402453 ± 0,000322591 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,6 ± 0,5 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1985
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

152Yb

Адади массавӣ152
neutron number82
relative atomic mass
151,950326699 ± 0,000160718 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,03 ± 0,06 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

153Yb

Адади массавӣ153
neutron number83
relative atomic mass
152,949372 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,2 ± 0,2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1977
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.008%

154Yb

Адади массавӣ154
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
153,946395696 ± 0,000018551 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
409 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)92.6%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)7.4%

155Yb

Адади массавӣ155
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
154,945783216 ± 0,00001782 Da
g-factor
-0,26 ± 0,0057142857142857
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,793 ± 0,02 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,5 ± 0,3
таърихи кашф1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)89%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)11%

156Yb

Адади массавӣ156
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
155,942817096 ± 0,000009992 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
26,1 ± 0,7 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)90%
α (α emission)10%

157Yb

Адади массавӣ157
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
156,942651368 ± 0,000011706 Da
g-factor
-0,182 ± 0,0022857142857143
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
38,6 ± 1 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1970
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

158Yb

Адади массавӣ158
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
157,939871202 ± 0,000008559 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,49 ± 0,13 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0021%

159Yb

Адади массавӣ159
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
158,940060257 ± 0,000018874 Da
g-factor
-0,146 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,67 ± 0,09 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,22 ± 0,02
таърихи кашф1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Yb

Адади массавӣ160
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
159,93755921 ± 0,0000059 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,8 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

161Yb

Адади массавӣ161
neutron number91
relative atomic mass
160,937912384 ± 0,000016211 Da
g-factor
-0,21733333333333 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,2 ± 0,2 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,03 ± 0,02
таърихи кашф1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

162Yb

Адади массавӣ162
neutron number92
relative atomic mass
161,935779342 ± 0,000016213 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
18,87 ± 0,19 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Yb

Адади массавӣ163
neutron number93
relative atomic mass
162,936345406 ± 0,000016215 Da
g-factor
-0,24866666666667 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,05 ± 0,35 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,24 ± 0,02
таърихи кашф1967
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

164Yb

Адади массавӣ164
neutron number94
relative atomic mass
163,934500743 ± 0,000016217 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
75,8 ± 1,7 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

165Yb

Адади массавӣ165
neutron number95
relative atomic mass
164,935270241 ± 0,00002849 Da
g-factor
0,1908 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,9 ± 0,3 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,48 ± 0,04
таърихи кашф1964
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

166Yb

Адади массавӣ166
neutron number96
relative atomic mass
165,933876439 ± 0,000007515 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56,7 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

167Yb

Адади массавӣ167
neutron number97
relative atomic mass
166,934954069 ± 0,000004251 Da
g-factor
0,2484 ± 0,0032
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
17,5 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,7 ± 0,04
таърихи кашф1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

168Yb

Адади массавӣ168
neutron number98
relative atomic mass
167,933891297 ± 0,0000001 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,123 ± 0,003
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)
+ (double β+ decay)

169Yb

Адади массавӣ169
neutron number99
relative atomic mass
168,935184208 ± 0,000000191 Da
g-factor
-0,18085714285714 ± 0,0022857142857143
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32,014 ± 0,005 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,54 ± 0,06
таърихи кашф1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

170Yb

Адади массавӣ170
neutron number100
relative atomic mass
169,934767242 ± 0,000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2,982 ± 0,039
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1938
parity+

171Yb

Адади массавӣ171
neutron number101
relative atomic mass
170,936331515 ± 0,000000013 Da
g-factor
0,9846 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
14,086 ± 0,14
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1934
parity-

172Yb

Адади массавӣ172
neutron number102
relative atomic mass
171,936386654 ± 0,000000014 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
21,686 ± 0,13
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1934
parity+

173Yb

Адади массавӣ173
neutron number103
relative atomic mass
172,938216211 ± 0,000000012 Da
g-factor
-0,2712 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
16,103 ± 0,063
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,8 ± 0,04
таърихи кашф1934
parity-

174Yb

Адади массавӣ174
neutron number104
relative atomic mass
173,938867545 ± 0,000000011 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
32,025 ± 0,08
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1934
parity+

175Yb

Адади массавӣ175
neutron number105
relative atomic mass
174,941281907 ± 0,000000076 Da
g-factor
0,21885714285714 ± 0,0022857142857143
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,185 ± 0,001 d
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,52 ± 0,05
таърихи кашф1945
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

176Yb

Адади массавӣ176
neutron number106
relative atomic mass
175,942574706 ± 0,000000015 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
12,995 ± 0,083
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)
α (α emission)

177Yb

Адади массавӣ177
neutron number107
relative atomic mass
176,945263846 ± 0,000000236 Da
g-factor
-0,15444444444444 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,911 ± 0,003 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
4,03 ± 0,06
таърихи кашф1945
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

178Yb

Адади массавӣ178
neutron number108
relative atomic mass
177,9466694 ± 0,000007072 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
74 ± 3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

179Yb

Адади массавӣ179
neutron number109
relative atomic mass
178,94993 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8 ± 0,4 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

180Yb

Адади массавӣ180
neutron number110
relative atomic mass
179,951991 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,4 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

181Yb

Адади массавӣ181
neutron number111
relative atomic mass
180,95589 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2000
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

182Yb

Адади массавӣ182
neutron number112
relative atomic mass
181,958239 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

183Yb

Адади массавӣ183
neutron number113
relative atomic mass
182,962426 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

184Yb

Адади массавӣ184
neutron number114
relative atomic mass
183,965002 ± 0,00054 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

185Yb

Адади массавӣ185
neutron number115
relative atomic mass
184,969425 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Ytterbium element

таърих

кошифJean de Marignac
макони кашфSwitzerland
таърихи кашф1878
РешашиносӣNamed for the Swedish village of Ytterby.
pronunciationi-TUR-bi-em (Англисӣ)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
3,2 mg/kg
natural abundance (Уқёнус)
0,00000082 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000018 %
natural abundance (Офтоб)
0,0000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3611
2p4.3716
2s18.306
3d13.6033
3p20.6635
3s21.2398
4d36.4104
4f40.568
4p33.598
4s32.4824
5p52.1685
5s49.85
6s61.4068