Zirkonioa

Zirkonioa (Zr)

Zenbaki atomikoa 40 duen elementu kimikoa. Metal zurixka da
Atomic Number40
Atomic Weight91.224
masa-zenbaki90
Group4
Period5
Blockd
protoi40 p+
neutroi50 n0
elektroi40 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Zr (Zirkonioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
155 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
154 pm
Metallic Radius
145 pm
Erradio ioniko
59 pm
Crystal Radius
73 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
223 pm
dentsitatea
6,52 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Zirkonioa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
ionizazio energia of Zr (Zirkonioa)
Irakite-entalpia
567 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
19,2 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
610 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 10, 2
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Zr (Zirkonioa)
balentzia-elektroi2
Lewis egitura: Zr (Zirkonioa)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d2 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d2 5s2
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Zr (Zirkonioa)
Orbital Diagram of Zr (Zirkonioa)
Oxidazio-egoera-2, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegatibotasun
1.33
Electrophilicity Index
1,0036040369931862 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
4.679,15 K
Melting Point
2.127,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery white
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
22,7 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000057 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,36 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,278 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
2,4 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000042 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
0,61 K
Magnetismo
typeparamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
0,0000000168 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
0,00000000153 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
0,000109
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,23 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
5 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
Zizaila modulua
33 GPa
Youngen modulu
68 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,34
Soinuaren lastertasun
3.800 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIVA
IUPAC GroupIVB
Glawe Number49
Mendeleev Number44
Pettifor Number49
Geochemical Classhigh field strength
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
112 ± 13 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,184
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00066
zenbaki kuantiko3F2
talde espazial194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Zirconium

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes34
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition9051.45%9051.45%9217.15%9217.15%9417.38%9417.38%9111.22%9111.22%962.80%962.80%

77Zr

masa-zenbaki77
neutron number37
atomo-masa erlatibo
76,966076 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2017
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

78Zr

masa-zenbaki78
neutron number38
atomo-masa erlatibo
77,956146 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

79Zr

masa-zenbaki79
neutron number39
atomo-masa erlatibo
78,94979 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
56 ± 30 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

80Zr

masa-zenbaki80
neutron number40
atomo-masa erlatibo
79,941213 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,6 ± 0,6 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

81Zr

masa-zenbaki81
neutron number41
atomo-masa erlatibo
80,938245 ± 0,000099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,5 ± 0,4 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.12%

82Zr

masa-zenbaki82
neutron number42
atomo-masa erlatibo
81,931707497 ± 0,0000017 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
32 ± 5 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

83Zr

masa-zenbaki83
neutron number43
atomo-masa erlatibo
82,929240926 ± 0,000006902 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
42 ± 2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

84Zr

masa-zenbaki84
neutron number44
atomo-masa erlatibo
83,923325663 ± 0,000005903 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
25,8 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

85Zr

masa-zenbaki85
neutron number45
atomo-masa erlatibo
84,921443199 ± 0,000006902 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,86 ± 0,04 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

86Zr

masa-zenbaki86
neutron number46
atomo-masa erlatibo
85,916296814 ± 0,000003827 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
16,5 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

87Zr

masa-zenbaki87
neutron number47
atomo-masa erlatibo
86,914817338 ± 0,00000445 Da
g-factor
−0,19866666666667 ± 0,0011111111111111
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,68 ± 0,01 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,42 ± 0,05
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

88Zr

masa-zenbaki88
neutron number48
atomo-masa erlatibo
87,910220715 ± 0,0000058 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
83,4 ± 0,3 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

89Zr

masa-zenbaki89
neutron number49
atomo-masa erlatibo
88,908879751 ± 0,000002983 Da
g-factor
−0,23222222222222 ± 0,0013333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
78,36 ± 0,023 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,28 ± 0,1
aurkikuntza-data1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

90Zr

masa-zenbaki90
neutron number50
atomo-masa erlatibo
89,904698755 ± 0,000000126 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
51,45 ± 0,04
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1924
parity+

91Zr

masa-zenbaki91
neutron number51
atomo-masa erlatibo
90,905640205 ± 0,000000101 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
11,22 ± 0,05
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,176 ± 0,003
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

92Zr

masa-zenbaki92
neutron number52
atomo-masa erlatibo
91,905035336 ± 0,000000101 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
17,15 ± 0,03
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1924
parity+

93Zr

masa-zenbaki93
neutron number53
atomo-masa erlatibo
92,906470661 ± 0,000000489 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,61 ± 0,05 My
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

94Zr

masa-zenbaki94
neutron number54
atomo-masa erlatibo
93,906312523 ± 0,000000175 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
17,38 ± 0,04
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1924
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

95Zr

masa-zenbaki95
neutron number55
atomo-masa erlatibo
94,908040276 ± 0,000000933 Da
g-factor
0,452 ± 0,008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
64,032 ± 0,006 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,22 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

96Zr

masa-zenbaki96
neutron number56
atomo-masa erlatibo
95,908277615 ± 0,000000122 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2,8 ± 0,02
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
23,4 ± 1,7 Ey
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)100%

97Zr

masa-zenbaki97
neutron number57
atomo-masa erlatibo
96,910963802 ± 0,00000013 Da
g-factor
−1,872 ± 0,01
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
16,749 ± 0,008 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

98Zr

masa-zenbaki98
neutron number58
atomo-masa erlatibo
97,912740448 ± 0,000009065 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
30,7 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

99Zr

masa-zenbaki99
neutron number59
atomo-masa erlatibo
98,916675081 ± 0,000011271 Da
g-factor
−1,858 ± 0,008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,1 ± 0,1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

100Zr

masa-zenbaki100
neutron number60
atomo-masa erlatibo
99,918010499 ± 0,000008742 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,1 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

101Zr

masa-zenbaki101
neutron number61
atomo-masa erlatibo
100,921458454 ± 0,000008944 Da
g-factor
−0,18133333333333 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,29 ± 0,08 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,81 ± 0,06
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

102Zr

masa-zenbaki102
neutron number62
atomo-masa erlatibo
101,923154181 ± 0,000009401 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,01 ± 0,08 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

103Zr

masa-zenbaki103
neutron number63
atomo-masa erlatibo
102,927204054 ± 0,0000099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,38 ± 0,07 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

104Zr

masa-zenbaki104
neutron number64
atomo-masa erlatibo
103,929449193 ± 0,00001 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
920 ± 28 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

105Zr

masa-zenbaki105
neutron number65
atomo-masa erlatibo
104,934021832 ± 0,000013 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
670 ± 28 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2%

106Zr

masa-zenbaki106
neutron number66
atomo-masa erlatibo
105,93693 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
179 ± 6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7%

107Zr

masa-zenbaki107
neutron number67
atomo-masa erlatibo
106,942007 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
145,7 ± 2,4 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%

108Zr

masa-zenbaki108
neutron number68
atomo-masa erlatibo
107,945303 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
78,5 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

109Zr

masa-zenbaki109
neutron number69
atomo-masa erlatibo
108,950907 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
56 ± 3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

110Zr

masa-zenbaki110
neutron number70
atomo-masa erlatibo
109,954675 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
37,5 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

111Zr

masa-zenbaki111
neutron number71
atomo-masa erlatibo
110,960837 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
24 ± 0,5 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

112Zr

masa-zenbaki112
neutron number72
atomo-masa erlatibo
111,965196 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
43 ± 21 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

113Zr

masa-zenbaki113
neutron number73
atomo-masa erlatibo
112,971723 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Zirconium crystal bar and 1cm3 cube

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaMartin Klaproth
aurkikuntzaren lekuaGermany
aurkikuntza-data1789
etimologiaFrom the mineral, zircon.
pronunciationzer-KO-ni-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
165 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
0,000005 %
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,00066 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,000004 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.841
2p4.0072
2s10.6262
3d14.4331
3p16.1545
3s15.6385
4d26.9284
4p26.54
4s25.0984
5s33.5545