Zîrkonyûm

Zîrkonyûm (Zr)

chemical element with symbol Zr and atomic number 40
Atomic Number40
Atomic Weight91.224
Hejmara baristeyî90
Group4
Period5
Blockd
Proton40 p+
Notron50 n0
Kareva40 e-
Animated Bohr model of Zr (Zîrkonyûm)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
155 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
154 pm
Metallic Radius
145 pm
ionic radius
59 pm
Crystal Radius
73 pm
Van der Waals radius
223 pm
density
6,52 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Zîrkonyûm0153045607590105120135150165180195210225240pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Zr (Zîrkonyûm)
enthalpy of vaporization
567 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
19,2 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
610 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 18, 10, 2
Bohr model: Zr (Zîrkonyûm)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Zr (Zîrkonyûm)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d2 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d2 5s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Zr (Zîrkonyûm)
Orbital Diagram of Zr (Zîrkonyûm)
oxidation number-2, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
electronegativity
1.33
Electrophilicity Index
1,0036040369931862 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
4.679,15 K
Melting Point
2.127,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
color
Silver
appearancesilvery white
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
22,7 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000057 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,36 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,278 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
2,4 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000042 m Ω
superconductivity
0,61 K
magnetism
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000168 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,00000000153 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,000109
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,23 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
5 MPa
bulk modulus
shear modulus
33 GPa
Young's modulus
68 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,34
Leza dengê
3.800 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIVA
IUPAC GroupIVB
Glawe Number49
Mendeleev Number44
Pettifor Number49
Geochemical Classhigh field strength
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
112 ± 13 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,184
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00066
quantum number3F2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Zirconium

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes34
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition9051.45%9051.45%9217.15%9217.15%9417.38%9417.38%9111.22%9111.22%962.80%962.80%

77Zr

Hejmara baristeyî77
neutron number37
Giraniya atomê
76,966076 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2017
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

78Zr

Hejmara baristeyî78
neutron number38
Giraniya atomê
77,956146 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

79Zr

Hejmara baristeyî79
neutron number39
Giraniya atomê
78,94979 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56 ± 30 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

80Zr

Hejmara baristeyî80
neutron number40
Giraniya atomê
79,941213 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,6 ± 0,6 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

81Zr

Hejmara baristeyî81
neutron number41
Giraniya atomê
80,938245 ± 0,000099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,5 ± 0,4 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.12%

82Zr

Hejmara baristeyî82
neutron number42
Giraniya atomê
81,931707497 ± 0,0000017 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32 ± 5 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

83Zr

Hejmara baristeyî83
neutron number43
Giraniya atomê
82,929240926 ± 0,000006902 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
42 ± 2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

84Zr

Hejmara baristeyî84
neutron number44
Giraniya atomê
83,923325663 ± 0,000005903 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25,8 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

85Zr

Hejmara baristeyî85
neutron number45
Giraniya atomê
84,921443199 ± 0,000006902 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,86 ± 0,04 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

86Zr

Hejmara baristeyî86
neutron number46
Giraniya atomê
85,916296814 ± 0,000003827 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
16,5 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

87Zr

Hejmara baristeyî87
neutron number47
Giraniya atomê
86,914817338 ± 0,00000445 Da
g-factor
-0,19866666666667 ± 0,0011111111111111
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,68 ± 0,01 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,42 ± 0,05
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

88Zr

Hejmara baristeyî88
neutron number48
Giraniya atomê
87,910220715 ± 0,0000058 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
83,4 ± 0,3 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

89Zr

Hejmara baristeyî89
neutron number49
Giraniya atomê
88,908879751 ± 0,000002983 Da
g-factor
-0,23222222222222 ± 0,0013333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
78,36 ± 0,023 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,28 ± 0,1
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

90Zr

Hejmara baristeyî90
neutron number50
Giraniya atomê
89,904698755 ± 0,000000126 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
51,45 ± 0,04
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1924
parity+

91Zr

Hejmara baristeyî91
neutron number51
Giraniya atomê
90,905640205 ± 0,000000101 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
11,22 ± 0,05
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,176 ± 0,003
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1934
parity+

92Zr

Hejmara baristeyî92
neutron number52
Giraniya atomê
91,905035336 ± 0,000000101 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
17,15 ± 0,03
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1924
parity+

93Zr

Hejmara baristeyî93
neutron number53
Giraniya atomê
92,906470661 ± 0,000000489 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,61 ± 0,05 My
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

94Zr

Hejmara baristeyî94
neutron number54
Giraniya atomê
93,906312523 ± 0,000000175 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
17,38 ± 0,04
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1924
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

95Zr

Hejmara baristeyî95
neutron number55
Giraniya atomê
94,908040276 ± 0,000000933 Da
g-factor
0,452 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
64,032 ± 0,006 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,22 ± 0,02
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

96Zr

Hejmara baristeyî96
neutron number56
Giraniya atomê
95,908277615 ± 0,000000122 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2,8 ± 0,02
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
23,4 ± 1,7 Ey
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)100%

97Zr

Hejmara baristeyî97
neutron number57
Giraniya atomê
96,910963802 ± 0,00000013 Da
g-factor
-1,872 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
16,749 ± 0,008 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

98Zr

Hejmara baristeyî98
neutron number58
Giraniya atomê
97,912740448 ± 0,000009065 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
30,7 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

99Zr

Hejmara baristeyî99
neutron number59
Giraniya atomê
98,916675081 ± 0,000011271 Da
g-factor
-1,858 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,1 ± 0,1 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

100Zr

Hejmara baristeyî100
neutron number60
Giraniya atomê
99,918010499 ± 0,000008742 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,1 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

101Zr

Hejmara baristeyî101
neutron number61
Giraniya atomê
100,921458454 ± 0,000008944 Da
g-factor
-0,18133333333333 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,29 ± 0,08 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,81 ± 0,06
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

102Zr

Hejmara baristeyî102
neutron number62
Giraniya atomê
101,923154181 ± 0,000009401 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,01 ± 0,08 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

103Zr

Hejmara baristeyî103
neutron number63
Giraniya atomê
102,927204054 ± 0,0000099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,38 ± 0,07 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

104Zr

Hejmara baristeyî104
neutron number64
Giraniya atomê
103,929449193 ± 0,00001 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
920 ± 28 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

105Zr

Hejmara baristeyî105
neutron number65
Giraniya atomê
104,934021832 ± 0,000013 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
670 ± 28 ms
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2%

106Zr

Hejmara baristeyî106
neutron number66
Giraniya atomê
105,93693 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
179 ± 6 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7%

107Zr

Hejmara baristeyî107
neutron number67
Giraniya atomê
106,942007 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
145,7 ± 2,4 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%

108Zr

Hejmara baristeyî108
neutron number68
Giraniya atomê
107,945303 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
78,5 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

109Zr

Hejmara baristeyî109
neutron number69
Giraniya atomê
108,950907 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56 ± 3 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

110Zr

Hejmara baristeyî110
neutron number70
Giraniya atomê
109,954675 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
37,5 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

111Zr

Hejmara baristeyî111
neutron number71
Giraniya atomê
110,960837 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
24 ± 0,5 ms
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

112Zr

Hejmara baristeyî112
neutron number72
Giraniya atomê
111,965196 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
43 ± 21 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

113Zr

Hejmara baristeyî113
neutron number73
Giraniya atomê
112,971723 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Zirconium crystal bar and 1cm3 cube

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerMartin Klaproth
location of discoveryGermany
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1789
BêjenasîFrom the mineral, zircon.
pronunciationzer-KO-ni-em (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
165 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,000005 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00066 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0,000004 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.841
2p4.0072
2s10.6262
3d14.4331
3p16.1545
3s15.6385
4d26.9284
4p26.54
4s25.0984
5s33.5545