Цирконий

Цирконий (Zr)

chemical element with symbol Zr and atomic number 40
Atomic Number40
Atomic Weight91.224
mass number90
Group4
Period5
Blockd
Протон40 p+
Нейтрон50 n0
Электрон40 e-
Animated Bohr model of Zr (Цирконий)

Physical Property

Атомдук Радиус
155 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
154 pm
Metallic Radius
145 pm
ionic radius
59 pm
Crystal Radius
73 pm
Van der Waals radius
223 pm
density
6,52 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Цирконий0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmАтомдук РадиусCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

энергия
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Zr (Цирконий)
enthalpy of vaporization
567 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
19,2 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
610 kJ/mol
Электрон
electron shell2, 8, 18, 10, 2
Bohr model: Zr (Цирконий)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Zr (Цирконий)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d2 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d2 5s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Zr (Цирконий)
Orbital Diagram of Zr (Цирконий)
oxidation number-2, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
electronegativity
1.33
Electrophilicity Index
1,0036040369931862 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
4 679,15 K
Melting Point
2 127,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Түс –
Silver
appearancesilvery white
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
22,7 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000057 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,36 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,278 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
2,4 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000042 m Ω
superconductivity
0,61 K
Магнетизм
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000168 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,00000000153 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,000109
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
түзүм
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,23 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
5 MPa
bulk modulus
shear modulus
33 GPa
Young's modulus
68 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,34
speed of sound
3 800 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIVA
IUPAC GroupIVB
Glawe Number49
Mendeleev Number44
Pettifor Number49
Geochemical Classhigh field strength
Литофиль элементтериlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
112 ± 13 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,184
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00066
Кванттык сандар3F2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Zirconium

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes34
Natural Isotopes5
Isotopic Composition9051.45%9051.45%9217.15%9217.15%9417.38%9417.38%9111.22%9111.22%962.80%962.80%

77Zr

mass number77
neutron number37
relative atomic mass
76,966076 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
Спин3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2017
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)

78Zr

mass number78
neutron number38
relative atomic mass
77,956146 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

79Zr

mass number79
neutron number39
relative atomic mass
78,94979 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
56 ± 30 ms
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

80Zr

mass number80
neutron number40
relative atomic mass
79,941213 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
4,6 ± 0,6 s
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1987
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

81Zr

mass number81
neutron number41
relative atomic mass
80,938245 ± 0,000099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
5,5 ± 0,4 s
Спин3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1997
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.12%

82Zr

mass number82
neutron number42
relative atomic mass
81,931707497 ± 0,0000017 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
32 ± 5 s
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

83Zr

mass number83
neutron number43
relative atomic mass
82,929240926 ± 0,000006902 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
42 ± 2 s
Спин1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

84Zr

mass number84
neutron number44
relative atomic mass
83,923325663 ± 0,000005903 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
25,8 ± 0,5 m
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1977
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

85Zr

mass number85
neutron number45
relative atomic mass
84,921443199 ± 0,000006902 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
7,86 ± 0,04 m
Спин7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1963
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

86Zr

mass number86
neutron number46
relative atomic mass
85,916296814 ± 0,000003827 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
16,5 ± 0,1 h
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

87Zr

mass number87
neutron number47
relative atomic mass
86,914817338 ± 0,00000445 Da
g-factor
-0,19866666666667 ± 0,0011111111111111
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
1,68 ± 0,01 h
Спин9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,42 ± 0,05
time of discovery or invention1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

88Zr

mass number88
neutron number48
relative atomic mass
87,910220715 ± 0,0000058 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
83,4 ± 0,3 d
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

89Zr

mass number89
neutron number49
relative atomic mass
88,908879751 ± 0,000002983 Da
g-factor
-0,23222222222222 ± 0,0013333333333333
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
78,36 ± 0,023 h
Спин9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,28 ± 0,1
time of discovery or invention1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

90Zr

mass number90
neutron number50
relative atomic mass
89,904698755 ± 0,000000126 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
51,45 ± 0,04
Радиоактивдүүлүкstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1924
parity+

91Zr

mass number91
neutron number51
relative atomic mass
90,905640205 ± 0,000000101 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
11,22 ± 0,05
Радиоактивдүүлүкstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,176 ± 0,003
time of discovery or invention1934
parity+

92Zr

mass number92
neutron number52
relative atomic mass
91,905035336 ± 0,000000101 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
17,15 ± 0,03
Радиоактивдүүлүкstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1924
parity+

93Zr

mass number93
neutron number53
relative atomic mass
92,906470661 ± 0,000000489 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
1,61 ± 0,05 My
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

94Zr

mass number94
neutron number54
relative atomic mass
93,906312523 ± 0,000000175 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
17,38 ± 0,04
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1924
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

95Zr

mass number95
neutron number55
relative atomic mass
94,908040276 ± 0,000000933 Da
g-factor
0,452 ± 0,008
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
64,032 ± 0,006 d
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,22 ± 0,02
time of discovery or invention1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

96Zr

mass number96
neutron number56
relative atomic mass
95,908277615 ± 0,000000122 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
2,8 ± 0,02
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
23,4 ± 1,7 Ey
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1934
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)100%

97Zr

mass number97
neutron number57
relative atomic mass
96,910963802 ± 0,00000013 Da
g-factor
-1,872 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
16,749 ± 0,008 h
Спин1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

98Zr

mass number98
neutron number58
relative atomic mass
97,912740448 ± 0,000009065 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
30,7 ± 0,4 s
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1967
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

99Zr

mass number99
neutron number59
relative atomic mass
98,916675081 ± 0,000011271 Da
g-factor
-1,858 ± 0,008
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
2,1 ± 0,1 s
Спин1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

100Zr

mass number100
neutron number60
relative atomic mass
99,918010499 ± 0,000008742 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
7,1 ± 0,4 s
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

101Zr

mass number101
neutron number61
relative atomic mass
100,921458454 ± 0,000008944 Da
g-factor
-0,18133333333333 ± 0,0053333333333333
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
2,29 ± 0,08 s
Спин3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,81 ± 0,06
time of discovery or invention1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

102Zr

mass number102
neutron number62
relative atomic mass
101,923154181 ± 0,000009401 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
2,01 ± 0,08 s
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

103Zr

mass number103
neutron number63
relative atomic mass
102,927204054 ± 0,0000099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
1,38 ± 0,07 s
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

104Zr

mass number104
neutron number64
relative atomic mass
103,929449193 ± 0,00001 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
920 ± 28 ms
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1990
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)1%

105Zr

mass number105
neutron number65
relative atomic mass
104,934021832 ± 0,000013 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
670 ± 28 ms
Спин1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1992
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2%

106Zr

mass number106
neutron number66
relative atomic mass
105,93693 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
179 ± 6 ms
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)7%

107Zr

mass number107
neutron number67
relative atomic mass
106,942007 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
145,7 ± 2,4 ms
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)23%

108Zr

mass number108
neutron number68
relative atomic mass
107,945303 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
78,5 ± 2 ms
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

109Zr

mass number109
neutron number69
relative atomic mass
108,950907 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
56 ± 3 ms
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

110Zr

mass number110
neutron number70
relative atomic mass
109,954675 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
37,5 ± 2 ms
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

111Zr

mass number111
neutron number71
relative atomic mass
110,960837 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
24 ± 0,5 ms
Спин5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

112Zr

mass number112
neutron number72
relative atomic mass
111,965196 ± 0,000751 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
43 ± 21 ms
Спин0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

113Zr

mass number113
neutron number73
relative atomic mass
112,971723 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Радиоактивдүүлүк☢️ Радиоактивдүү элементтер —
half-life
Спин3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Zirconium crystal bar and 1cm3 cube

тарых

discoverer or inventorMartin Klaproth
location of discoveryGermany
time of discovery or invention1789
ЭтимологияFrom the mineral, zircon.
pronunciationzer-KO-ni-em (англисче)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
165 mg/kg
natural abundance (Океан)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,000005 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00066 %
natural abundance (Күн)
0,000004 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.841
2p4.0072
2s10.6262
3d14.4331
3p16.1545
3s15.6385
4d26.9284
4p26.54
4s25.0984
5s33.5545