Kadmioa

Kadmioa (Cd)

48 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number48
Atomic Weight112.414
masa-zenbaki114
Group12
Period5
Blockd
protoi48 p+
neutroi66 n0
elektroi48 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Cd (Kadmioa)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
155 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
136 pm
Metallic Radius
138 pm
Erradio ioniko
78 pm
Crystal Radius
92 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
218 pm
dentsitatea
8,69 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Kadmioa0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
ionizazio energia
8,993822 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Cd (Kadmioa)
Irakite-entalpia
59,1 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
6,11 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
111,8 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 18, 2
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Cd (Kadmioa)
balentzia-elektroi2
Lewis egitura: Cd (Kadmioa)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Cd (Kadmioa)
Orbital Diagram of Cd (Kadmioa)
Oxidazio-egoera-2, 1, 2
Elektronegatibotasun
1.69
Electrophilicity Index
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
1.040,15 K
Melting Point
594,219 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Silver
appearancesilvery bluish-gray metallic
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
96,9 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000308 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,02 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,232 J/(g⋅K)
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
14 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000007000000000002 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
0,517 K
Magnetismo
typediamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
−0,0000000023 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
−0,000000000259 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
−0,0000199
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2,98 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
2 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
42 GPa
Zizaila modulua
19 GPa
Youngen modulu
50 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,3
Soinuaren lastertasun
2.310 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number75
Mendeleev Number78
Pettifor Number75
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
46 ± 2 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
2.450
Neutron Mass Absorption
1,4
zenbaki kuantiko1S0
talde espazial194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Cadmium

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes39
Natural Isotopes8
Isotopic Composition11428.75%11428.75%11224.11%11224.11%11012.47%11012.47%11112.80%11112.80%11312.23%11312.23%1167.51%1167.51%1061.25%1061.25%1080.89%1080.89%

94Cd

masa-zenbaki94
neutron number46
atomo-masa erlatibo
93,956586 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2016
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

95Cd

masa-zenbaki95
neutron number47
atomo-masa erlatibo
94,949483 ± 0,000607 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
32 ± 3 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2011
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)4.6%

96Cd

masa-zenbaki96
neutron number48
atomo-masa erlatibo
95,940341 ± 0,00044 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1.003 ± 47 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2008
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.6%

97Cd

masa-zenbaki97
neutron number49
atomo-masa erlatibo
96,934799343 ± 0,000451073 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,16 ± 0,05 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7.4%

98Cd

masa-zenbaki98
neutron number50
atomo-masa erlatibo
97,927389315 ± 0,000055605 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,29 ± 0,1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.029%

99Cd

masa-zenbaki99
neutron number51
atomo-masa erlatibo
98,924925845 ± 0,0000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
17 ± 1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.21%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)1%

100Cd

masa-zenbaki100
neutron number52
atomo-masa erlatibo
99,920348829 ± 0,0000018 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
49,1 ± 0,5 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

101Cd

masa-zenbaki101
neutron number53
atomo-masa erlatibo
100,918586209 ± 0,0000016 Da
g-factor
−0,3588 ± 0,00016
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,36 ± 0,05 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,177 ± 0,007
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

102Cd

masa-zenbaki102
neutron number54
atomo-masa erlatibo
101,914481797 ± 0,000001784 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,5 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

103Cd

masa-zenbaki103
neutron number55
atomo-masa erlatibo
102,913416922 ± 0,000001943 Da
g-factor
−0,33944 ± 0,00016
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
7,3 ± 0,1 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,007 ± 0,003
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

104Cd

masa-zenbaki104
neutron number56
atomo-masa erlatibo
103,909856228 ± 0,000001795 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
57,7 ± 1 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

105Cd

masa-zenbaki105
neutron number57
atomo-masa erlatibo
104,909463893 ± 0,000001494 Da
g-factor
−0,29528 ± 0,00016
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
55,5 ± 0,4 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,377 ± 0,015
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

106Cd

masa-zenbaki106
neutron number58
atomo-masa erlatibo
105,906459791 ± 0,000001184 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,245 ± 0,022
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

107Cd

masa-zenbaki107
neutron number59
atomo-masa erlatibo
106,906612049 ± 0,000001782 Da
g-factor
−0,24564 ± 0,00012
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,5 ± 0,02 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,6 ± 0,02
aurkikuntza-data1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Cd

masa-zenbaki108
neutron number60
atomo-masa erlatibo
107,904183588 ± 0,000001205 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,888 ± 0,011
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

109Cd

masa-zenbaki109
neutron number61
atomo-masa erlatibo
108,904986697 ± 0,000001649 Da
g-factor
−0,33064 ± 0,00016
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
461,3 ± 0,5 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,6 ± 0,03
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

110Cd

masa-zenbaki110
neutron number62
atomo-masa erlatibo
109,90300747 ± 0,000000407 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
12,47 ± 0,061
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1925
parity+

111Cd

masa-zenbaki111
neutron number63
atomo-masa erlatibo
110,904183776 ± 0,000000383 Da
g-factor
−1,188 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
12,795 ± 0,012
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1925
parity+

112Cd

masa-zenbaki112
neutron number64
atomo-masa erlatibo
111,902763896 ± 0,000000268 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24,109 ± 0,007
desintegrazio erradioaktiboisotopo egonkor
Semidesintegrazio-periodoNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1925
parity+

113Cd

masa-zenbaki113
neutron number65
atomo-masa erlatibo
112,904408105 ± 0,000000262 Da
g-factor
−1,2426 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
12,227 ± 0,007
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,04 ± 0,05 Py
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1925
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

114Cd

masa-zenbaki114
neutron number66
atomo-masa erlatibo
113,903364998 ± 0,000000296 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
28,754 ± 0,081
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1925
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

115Cd

masa-zenbaki115
neutron number67
atomo-masa erlatibo
114,905437426 ± 0,000000699 Da
g-factor
−1,2966 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
53,46 ± 0,05 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

116Cd

masa-zenbaki116
neutron number68
atomo-masa erlatibo
115,90476323 ± 0,000000172 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
7,512 ± 0,054
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
26,9 ± 0,9 Ey
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1925
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)100%

117Cd

masa-zenbaki117
neutron number69
atomo-masa erlatibo
116,907226039 ± 0,000001087 Da
g-factor
−1,485 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,503 ± 0,005 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

118Cd

masa-zenbaki118
neutron number70
atomo-masa erlatibo
117,906921956 ± 0,000021471 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
50,3 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

119Cd

masa-zenbaki119
neutron number71
atomo-masa erlatibo
118,909847052 ± 0,000040467 Da
g-factor
−1,8376 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,69 ± 0,02 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

120Cd

masa-zenbaki120
neutron number72
atomo-masa erlatibo
119,909868065 ± 0,000004 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
50,8 ± 0,21 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

121Cd

masa-zenbaki121
neutron number73
atomo-masa erlatibo
120,91296366 ± 0,000002085 Da
g-factor
0,41733333333333 ± 0,00046666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
13,5 ± 0,3 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

122Cd

masa-zenbaki122
neutron number74
atomo-masa erlatibo
121,91345905 ± 0,000002468 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
5,24 ± 0,03 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

123Cd

masa-zenbaki123
neutron number75
atomo-masa erlatibo
122,91689246 ± 0,000002894 Da
g-factor
0,52566666666667 ± 0,00046666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,1 ± 0,02 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

124Cd

masa-zenbaki124
neutron number76
atomo-masa erlatibo
123,917659772 ± 0,0000028 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,25 ± 0,02 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

125Cd

masa-zenbaki125
neutron number77
atomo-masa erlatibo
124,92125759 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
0,57273333333333 ± 0,00046666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
680 ± 40 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,209 ± 0,01
aurkikuntza-data1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

126Cd

masa-zenbaki126
neutron number78
atomo-masa erlatibo
125,92243029 ± 0,000002473 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
512 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

127Cd

masa-zenbaki127
neutron number79
atomo-masa erlatibo
126,926203291 ± 0,000006656 Da
g-factor
0,58473333333333 ± 0,00053333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
480 ± 100 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,239 ± 0,011
aurkikuntza-data1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

128Cd

masa-zenbaki128
neutron number80
atomo-masa erlatibo
127,927816778 ± 0,000006905 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
246 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

129Cd

masa-zenbaki129
neutron number81
atomo-masa erlatibo
128,932235597 ± 0,0000057 Da
g-factor
−0,12821818181818 ± 0,00010909090909091
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
147 ± 3 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,132 ± 0,009
aurkikuntza-data2003
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

130Cd

masa-zenbaki130
neutron number82
atomo-masa erlatibo
129,934387563 ± 0,000024 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
126,8 ± 1,8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3.5%

131Cd

masa-zenbaki131
neutron number83
atomo-masa erlatibo
130,94072774 ± 0,000020653 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
98 ± 2 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2000
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3.5%
2n (2-neutron emission)

132Cd

masa-zenbaki132
neutron number84
atomo-masa erlatibo
131,945823136 ± 0,000064485 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
84 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2000
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)60%
2n (2-neutron emission)

133Cd

masa-zenbaki133
neutron number85
atomo-masa erlatibo
132,952614 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
61 ± 6 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

134Cd

masa-zenbaki134
neutron number86
atomo-masa erlatibo
133,957638 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
65 ± 15 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2015
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

135Cd

masa-zenbaki135
neutron number87
atomo-masa erlatibo
134,964766 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Cadmium-crystal bar

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaFredrich Stromeyer
aurkikuntzaren lekuaGermany
aurkikuntza-data1817
etimologiaGreek: kadmeia (ancient name for calamine (zinc oxide)).
pronunciationKAD-me-em (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,15 mg/kg
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,00011 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
0,00007 %
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,000044 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,0000006 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9744
2p4.091
2s12.6142
3d14.3931
3p17.3085
3s17.1588
4d32.1232
4p28.5888
4s27.1308
5s39.808