Kadmiyûm

Kadmiyûm (Cd)

Hêmaneke kîmyayî ye nîşana wê Cd hejmara hurikî 48
Atomic Number48
Atomic Weight112.414
Hejmara baristeyî114
Group12
Period5
Blockd
Proton48 p+
Notron66 n0
Kareva48 e-
Animated Bohr model of Cd (Kadmiyûm)

Physical Property

Atomic Radius
155 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
136 pm
Metallic Radius
138 pm
ionic radius
78 pm
Crystal Radius
92 pm
Van der Waals radius
218 pm
density
8,69 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Kadmiyûm0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

wize
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
8,993822 eV/particle
ionization energy of Cd (Kadmiyûm)
enthalpy of vaporization
59,1 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
6,11 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
111,8 kJ/mol
Kareva
electron shell2, 8, 18, 18, 2
Bohr model: Cd (Kadmiyûm)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Cd (Kadmiyûm)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10 5s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10 5s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Cd (Kadmiyûm)
Orbital Diagram of Cd (Kadmiyûm)
oxidation number-2, 1, 2
electronegativity
1.69
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
1.040,15 K
Melting Point
594,219 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
color
Silver
appearancesilvery bluish-gray metallic
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
96,9 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000308 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,02 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,232 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
14 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000007000000000002 m Ω
superconductivity
0,517 K
magnetism
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000023 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000259 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,0000199
magnetic ordering
Germahiya Curie
Néel temperature
pêkhate
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
2,98 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
2 MPa
bulk modulus
42 GPa
shear modulus
19 GPa
Young's modulus
50 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,3
Leza dengê
2.310 m/s
classification
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupIIB
IUPAC GroupIIB
Glawe Number75
Mendeleev Number78
Pettifor Number75
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
46 ± 2 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
2.450
Neutron Mass Absorption
1,4
quantum number1S0
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Cadmium

Stable Isotopes3
Unstable Isotopes39
Natural Isotopes8
Isotopic Composition11428.75%11428.75%11224.11%11224.11%11012.47%11012.47%11112.80%11112.80%11312.23%11312.23%1167.51%1167.51%1061.25%1061.25%1080.89%1080.89%

94Cd

Hejmara baristeyî94
neutron number46
Giraniya atomê
93,956586 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2016
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

95Cd

Hejmara baristeyî95
neutron number47
Giraniya atomê
94,949483 ± 0,000607 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32 ± 3 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2011
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)4.6%

96Cd

Hejmara baristeyî96
neutron number48
Giraniya atomê
95,940341 ± 0,00044 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1.003 ± 47 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2008
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.6%

97Cd

Hejmara baristeyî97
neutron number49
Giraniya atomê
96,934799343 ± 0,000451073 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,16 ± 0,05 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7.4%

98Cd

Hejmara baristeyî98
neutron number50
Giraniya atomê
97,927389315 ± 0,000055605 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,29 ± 0,1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.029%

99Cd

Hejmara baristeyî99
neutron number51
Giraniya atomê
98,924925845 ± 0,0000017 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
17 ± 1 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.21%
β+α (β+-delayed α emission)1%

100Cd

Hejmara baristeyî100
neutron number52
Giraniya atomê
99,920348829 ± 0,0000018 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
49,1 ± 0,5 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

101Cd

Hejmara baristeyî101
neutron number53
Giraniya atomê
100,918586209 ± 0,0000016 Da
g-factor
-0,3588 ± 0,00016
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,36 ± 0,05 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,177 ± 0,007
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

102Cd

Hejmara baristeyî102
neutron number54
Giraniya atomê
101,914481797 ± 0,000001784 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,5 ± 0,5 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

103Cd

Hejmara baristeyî103
neutron number55
Giraniya atomê
102,913416922 ± 0,000001943 Da
g-factor
-0,33944 ± 0,00016
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,3 ± 0,1 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,007 ± 0,003
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

104Cd

Hejmara baristeyî104
neutron number56
Giraniya atomê
103,909856228 ± 0,000001795 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
57,7 ± 1 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

105Cd

Hejmara baristeyî105
neutron number57
Giraniya atomê
104,909463893 ± 0,000001494 Da
g-factor
-0,29528 ± 0,00016
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
55,5 ± 0,4 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,377 ± 0,015
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

106Cd

Hejmara baristeyî106
neutron number58
Giraniya atomê
105,906459791 ± 0,000001184 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,245 ± 0,022
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

107Cd

Hejmara baristeyî107
neutron number59
Giraniya atomê
106,906612049 ± 0,000001782 Da
g-factor
-0,24564 ± 0,00012
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,5 ± 0,02 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,6 ± 0,02
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1946
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

108Cd

Hejmara baristeyî108
neutron number60
Giraniya atomê
107,904183588 ± 0,000001205 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
0,888 ± 0,011
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

109Cd

Hejmara baristeyî109
neutron number61
Giraniya atomê
108,904986697 ± 0,000001649 Da
g-factor
-0,33064 ± 0,00016
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
461,3 ± 0,5 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,6 ± 0,03
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

110Cd

Hejmara baristeyî110
neutron number62
Giraniya atomê
109,90300747 ± 0,000000407 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
12,47 ± 0,061
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1925
parity+

111Cd

Hejmara baristeyî111
neutron number63
Giraniya atomê
110,904183776 ± 0,000000383 Da
g-factor
-1,188 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
12,795 ± 0,012
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1925
parity+

112Cd

Hejmara baristeyî112
neutron number64
Giraniya atomê
111,902763896 ± 0,000000268 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24,109 ± 0,007
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1925
parity+

113Cd

Hejmara baristeyî113
neutron number65
Giraniya atomê
112,904408105 ± 0,000000262 Da
g-factor
-1,2426 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
12,227 ± 0,007
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,04 ± 0,05 Py
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1925
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

114Cd

Hejmara baristeyî114
neutron number66
Giraniya atomê
113,903364998 ± 0,000000296 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
28,754 ± 0,081
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1925
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

115Cd

Hejmara baristeyî115
neutron number67
Giraniya atomê
114,905437426 ± 0,000000699 Da
g-factor
-1,2966 ± 0,0004
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
53,46 ± 0,05 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

116Cd

Hejmara baristeyî116
neutron number68
Giraniya atomê
115,90476323 ± 0,000000172 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
7,512 ± 0,054
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
26,9 ± 0,9 Ey
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1925
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)100%

117Cd

Hejmara baristeyî117
neutron number69
Giraniya atomê
116,907226039 ± 0,000001087 Da
g-factor
-1,485 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,503 ± 0,005 h
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1939
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

118Cd

Hejmara baristeyî118
neutron number70
Giraniya atomê
117,906921956 ± 0,000021471 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
50,3 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

119Cd

Hejmara baristeyî119
neutron number71
Giraniya atomê
118,909847052 ± 0,000040467 Da
g-factor
-1,8376 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,69 ± 0,02 m
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

120Cd

Hejmara baristeyî120
neutron number72
Giraniya atomê
119,909868065 ± 0,000004 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
50,8 ± 0,21 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

121Cd

Hejmara baristeyî121
neutron number73
Giraniya atomê
120,91296366 ± 0,000002085 Da
g-factor
0,41733333333333 ± 0,00046666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
13,5 ± 0,3 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1965
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

122Cd

Hejmara baristeyî122
neutron number74
Giraniya atomê
121,91345905 ± 0,000002468 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,24 ± 0,03 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1973
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

123Cd

Hejmara baristeyî123
neutron number75
Giraniya atomê
122,91689246 ± 0,000002894 Da
g-factor
0,52566666666667 ± 0,00046666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,1 ± 0,02 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1983
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

124Cd

Hejmara baristeyî124
neutron number76
Giraniya atomê
123,917659772 ± 0,0000028 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,25 ± 0,02 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

125Cd

Hejmara baristeyî125
neutron number77
Giraniya atomê
124,92125759 ± 0,0000031 Da
g-factor
0,57273333333333 ± 0,00046666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
680 ± 40 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,209 ± 0,01
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

126Cd

Hejmara baristeyî126
neutron number78
Giraniya atomê
125,92243029 ± 0,000002473 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
512 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1978
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

127Cd

Hejmara baristeyî127
neutron number79
Giraniya atomê
126,926203291 ± 0,000006656 Da
g-factor
0,58473333333333 ± 0,00053333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
480 ± 100 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,239 ± 0,011
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

128Cd

Hejmara baristeyî128
neutron number80
Giraniya atomê
127,927816778 ± 0,000006905 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
246 ± 2 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

129Cd

Hejmara baristeyî129
neutron number81
Giraniya atomê
128,932235597 ± 0,0000057 Da
g-factor
-0,12821818181818 ± 0,00010909090909091
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
147 ± 3 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,132 ± 0,009
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2003
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

130Cd

Hejmara baristeyî130
neutron number82
Giraniya atomê
129,934387563 ± 0,000024 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
126,8 ± 1,8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3.5%

131Cd

Hejmara baristeyî131
neutron number83
Giraniya atomê
130,94072774 ± 0,000020653 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
98 ± 2 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2000
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)3.5%
2n (2-neutron emission)

132Cd

Hejmara baristeyî132
neutron number84
Giraniya atomê
131,945823136 ± 0,000064485 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
84 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2000
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)60%
2n (2-neutron emission)

133Cd

Hejmara baristeyî133
neutron number85
Giraniya atomê
132,952614 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
61 ± 6 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

134Cd

Hejmara baristeyî134
neutron number86
Giraniya atomê
133,957638 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
65 ± 15 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê2015
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

135Cd

Hejmara baristeyî135
neutron number87
Giraniya atomê
134,964766 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Cadmium-crystal bar

dîrok

kaşîf an îcadkerFredrich Stromeyer
location of discoveryGermany
dema îcadkirinê yan keşfê1817
BêjenasîGreek: kadmeia (ancient name for calamine (zinc oxide)).
pronunciationKAD-me-em (îngilîzî)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,15 mg/kg
natural abundance (Okyanûs)
0,00011 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,00007 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000044 %
natural abundance (Roj)
0,0000006 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9744
2p4.091
2s12.6142
3d14.3931
3p17.3085
3s17.1588
4d32.1232
4p28.5888
4s27.1308
5s39.808