Holmium

Holmium (Ho)

chemical element with atomic number 67
Atomic Number67
Atomic Weight164.93033
Numri i masës165
Group
Period6
Blockf
protoni67 p+
neutroni98 n0
elektroni67 e-
Animated Bohr model of Ho (Holmium)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
175 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
166 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
90,1 pm
Crystal Radius
104,1 pm
Van der Waals radius
230 pm
density
8,8 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Holmium0153045607590105120135150165180195210225240pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Ho (Holmium)
enthalpy of vaporization
301 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
standard enthalpy of formation
300,6 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 18, 29, 8, 2
Bohr model: Ho (Holmium)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Ho (Holmium)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Xe] 4f11 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f11 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Ho (Holmium)
Orbital Diagram of Ho (Holmium)
oxidation number0, 2, 3
Elektronegativiteti
1.23
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2 973,15 K
Melting Point
1 745,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Silver
appearancesilvery white
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000112 1/K
molar heat capacity
27,15 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,165 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
1,1 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000094 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
Magnetizimi
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,00000549 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000905467 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0482845
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
20 K
Néel temperature
132 K
strukturë
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,58 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
40 GPa
shear modulus
26 GPa
Young's modulus
65 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,23
Shpejtësia e zërit
2 760 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number23
Mendeleev Number33
Pettifor Number24
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
156 ± 10 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
64
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,015
numër kuantik4I15/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Holmium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes1

140Ho

Numri i masës140
numri i neutroneve73
relative atomic mass
139,968526 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6 ± 3 ms
Spini8
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1999
parity+

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

141Ho

Numri i masës141
numri i neutroneve74
relative atomic mass
140,963108 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,1 ± 0,1 ms
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1998
parity-

decay modeintensitet
p (proton emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

142Ho

Numri i masës142
numri i neutroneve75
relative atomic mass
141,96001 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
400 ± 100 ms
Spini7
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2001
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)0%

143Ho

Numri i masës143
numri i neutroneve76
relative atomic mass
142,95486 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2000
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

144Ho

Numri i masës144
numri i neutroneve77
relative atomic mass
143,952109712 ± 0,0000091 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
700 ± 100 ms
Spini5
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1986
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

145Ho

Numri i masës145
numri i neutroneve78
relative atomic mass
144,947267392 ± 0,000008 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,4 ± 0,1 s
Spini11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1987
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

146Ho

Numri i masës146
numri i neutroneve79
relative atomic mass
145,944993503 ± 0,000007071 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,32 ± 0,22 s
Spini6
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1982
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

147Ho

Numri i masës147
numri i neutroneve80
relative atomic mass
146,940142293 ± 0,000005368 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,8 ± 0,4 s
Spini11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1982
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

148Ho

Numri i masës148
numri i neutroneve81
relative atomic mass
147,937743925 ± 0,00009 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,2 ± 1,1 s
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

149Ho

Numri i masës149
numri i neutroneve82
relative atomic mass
148,933820457 ± 0,000012866 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,1 ± 0,2 s
Spini11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1979
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

150Ho

Numri i masës150
numri i neutroneve83
relative atomic mass
149,933498353 ± 0,000015209 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
76,8 ± 1,8 s
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1963
parity

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

151Ho

Numri i masës151
numri i neutroneve84
relative atomic mass
150,931698176 ± 0,000008908 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
35,2 ± 0,1 s
Spini11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1963
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88%
α (α emission)22%

152Ho

Numri i masës152
numri i neutroneve85
relative atomic mass
151,931717618 ± 0,000013449 Da
g-factor
-0,51 ± 0,01
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
161,8 ± 0,3 s
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1 ± 0,2
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1963
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88%
α (α emission)12%

153Ho

Numri i masës153
numri i neutroneve86
relative atomic mass
152,930206671 ± 0,000005438 Da
g-factor
1,2345454545455 ± 0,0090909090909091
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,01 ± 0,03 m
Spini11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-1,1 ± 0,5
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1963
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.949%
α (α emission)0.051%

154Ho

Numri i masës154
numri i neutroneve87
relative atomic mass
153,930606776 ± 0,00000882 Da
g-factor
-0,3205 ± 0,003
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,76 ± 0,19 m
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,19 ± 0,1
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1966
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.981%
α (α emission)0.019%

155Ho

Numri i masës155
numri i neutroneve88
relative atomic mass
154,929103363 ± 0,000018754 Da
g-factor
1,4 ± 0,012
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
48 ± 2 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,56 ± 0,12
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1959
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

156Ho

Numri i masës156
numri i neutroneve89
relative atomic mass
155,929641634 ± 0,000041249 Da
g-factor
0,745 ± 0,0075
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56 ± 1 m
Spini4
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,4 ± 0,18
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1957
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

157Ho

Numri i masës157
numri i neutroneve90
relative atomic mass
156,928251974 ± 0,000025194 Da
g-factor
1,24 ± 0,0085714285714286
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
12,6 ± 0,2 m
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,05 ± 0,13
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1966
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

158Ho

Numri i masës158
numri i neutroneve91
relative atomic mass
157,92894491 ± 0,000029099 Da
g-factor
0,7552 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,3 ± 0,4 m
Spini5
nuclear quadrupole moment
4,2 ± 0,4
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1961
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

159Ho

Numri i masës159
numri i neutroneve92
relative atomic mass
158,927718683 ± 0,000003268 Da
g-factor
1,22 ± 0,0085714285714286
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
33,05 ± 0,11 m
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,27 ± 0,13
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1958
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Ho

Numri i masës160
numri i neutroneve93
relative atomic mass
159,928735538 ± 0,00001612 Da
g-factor
0,74 ± 0,006
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25,6 ± 0,3 m
Spini5
nuclear quadrupole moment
4 ± 0,2
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1950
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

161Ho

Numri i masës161
numri i neutroneve94
relative atomic mass
160,927861815 ± 0,000002309 Da
g-factor
1,2114285714286 ± 0,0085714285714286
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,48 ± 0,05 h
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,3 ± 0,11
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1954
parity-

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

162Ho

Numri i masës162
numri i neutroneve95
relative atomic mass
161,929102543 ± 0,00000333 Da
g-factor
2,32 ± 0,03
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
15 ± 1 m
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1957
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Ho

Numri i masës163
numri i neutroneve96
relative atomic mass
162,92874026 ± 0,000000744 Da
g-factor
1,2057142857143 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,57 ± 0,025 ky
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,7 ± 0,6
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1957
parity-

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

164Ho

Numri i masës164
numri i neutroneve97
relative atomic mass
163,930240548 ± 0,000001492 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
28,8 ± 0,5 m
Spini1
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1938
parity+

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)61%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)39%

165Ho

Numri i masës165
numri i neutroneve98
relative atomic mass
164,930329116 ± 0,000000844 Da
g-factor
1,1885714285714 ± 0,0085714285714286
natural abundance
100
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,58 ± 0,02
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1934
parity-

166Ho

Numri i masës166
numri i neutroneve99
relative atomic mass
165,932291209 ± 0,000000844 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
26,812 ± 0,007 h
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1936
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

167Ho

Numri i masës167
numri i neutroneve100
relative atomic mass
166,933140254 ± 0,00000557 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,1 ± 0,1 h
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1955
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

168Ho

Numri i masës168
numri i neutroneve101
relative atomic mass
167,935523766 ± 0,000032207 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,99 ± 0,07 m
Spini3
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1960
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

169Ho

Numri i masës169
numri i neutroneve102
relative atomic mass
168,93687989 ± 0,000021522 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,72 ± 0,1 m
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1963
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

170Ho

Numri i masës170
numri i neutroneve103
relative atomic mass
169,939626548 ± 0,000053697 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,76 ± 0,05 m
Spini6
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1960
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

171Ho

Numri i masës171
numri i neutroneve104
relative atomic mass
170,941472713 ± 0,000644128 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
53 ± 2 s
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1989
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

172Ho

Numri i masës172
numri i neutroneve105
relative atomic mass
171,94473 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25 ± 3 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1991
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

173Ho

Numri i masës173
numri i neutroneve106
relative atomic mass
172,94702 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,1 ± 0,4 s
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2012
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

174Ho

Numri i masës174
numri i neutroneve107
relative atomic mass
173,950757 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,7 ± 0,4 s
Spini8
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2012
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

175Ho

Numri i masës175
numri i neutroneve108
relative atomic mass
174,953516 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,88 ± 0,55 s
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2012
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

176Ho

Numri i masës176
numri i neutroneve109
relative atomic mass
175,957713 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini4
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2012
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

177Ho

Numri i masës177
numri i neutroneve110
relative atomic mass
176,961052 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2018
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
n (neutron emission)

178Ho

Numri i masës178
numri i neutroneve111
relative atomic mass
177,965507 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2018
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Holmium

historia

zbuluesJ.L. Soret
vendndodhja e zbulimitSwitzerland
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1878
EtimologjiaFrom Holmia, the Latinized name for Stockholm, Sweden.
pronunciationHOLE-mi-em (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1,3 mg/kg
natural abundance (Oqeani)
0,00000022 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,0000059 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3088
2p4.3332
2s17.5444
3d13.6531
3p20.2546
3s20.7649
4d35.3284
4f39.5304
4p32.4372
4s31.688
5p49.661
5s47.424
6s58.561