Голъмий

Голъмий (Ho)

chemical element with atomic number 67
Atomic Number67
Atomic Weight164.93033
Адади массавӣ165
Group
Period6
Blockf
proton67 p+
neutron98 n0
electron67 e-
Animated Bohr model of Ho (Голъмий)

Хусусияти Физикӣ

Atomic Radius
175 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
166 pm
Metallic Radius
ionic radius
90,1 pm
Crystal Radius
104,1 pm
Van der Waals radius
230 pm
зичӣ
8,8 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Голъмий0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210220230pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

энергия
proton affinity
electron affinity
ionization energy
ionization energy of Ho (Голъмий)
enthalpy of vaporization
301 kJ/mol
гармои гудозиш
standard enthalpy of formation
300,6 kJ/mol
electron
Абри электронӣ2, 8, 18, 29, 8, 2
Bohr model: Ho (Голъмий)
valence electron2
Lewis structure: Ho (Голъмий)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f11 6s2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f11 6s2
Enhanced Bohr model of Ho (Голъмий)
Orbital Diagram of Ho (Голъмий)
oxidation number0, 2, 3
electronegativity
1.23
Electrophilicity Index
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2 973,15 K
Melting Point
1 745,15 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ранг
Silver
appearancesilvery white
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
thermal expansion
0,0000112 1/K
molar heat capacity
27,15 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
навъConductor
electrical conductivity
1,1 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000094 m Ω
superconductivity
magnetism
навъparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,00000549 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000905467 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0482845
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
20 K
Néel temperature
132 K
сохт
Crystal StructureSimple Hexagonal (HEX)
lattice constant
3,58 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, 2 π/3
mechanical property
hardness
bulk modulus
40 GPa
shear modulus
26 GPa
Young's modulus
65 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,23
speed of sound
2 760 m/s
classification
CategoryLanthanides, Lanthanides
CAS Group
IUPAC Group
Glawe Number23
Mendeleev Number33
Pettifor Number24
Geochemical Classrare earth & related
Goldschmidt classificationlitophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
156 ± 10 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
64
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,015
ададҳои квантӣ4I15/2
space group194 (P63/mmc)

Isotopes of Holmium

Stable Isotopes1
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes1

140Ho

Адади массавӣ140
neutron number73
relative atomic mass
139,968526 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6 ± 3 ms
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1999
parity+

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

141Ho

Адади массавӣ141
neutron number74
relative atomic mass
140,963108 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,1 ± 0,1 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1998
parity-

decay modeintensity
p (proton emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

142Ho

Адади массавӣ142
neutron number75
relative atomic mass
141,96001 ± 0,00043 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
400 ± 100 ms
spin7
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2001
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
p (proton emission)0%

143Ho

Адади массавӣ143
neutron number76
relative atomic mass
142,95486 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2000
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

144Ho

Адади массавӣ144
neutron number77
relative atomic mass
143,952109712 ± 0,0000091 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
700 ± 100 ms
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1986
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

145Ho

Адади массавӣ145
neutron number78
relative atomic mass
144,947267392 ± 0,000008 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,4 ± 0,1 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1987
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

146Ho

Адади массавӣ146
neutron number79
relative atomic mass
145,944993503 ± 0,000007071 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,32 ± 0,22 s
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)

147Ho

Адади массавӣ147
neutron number80
relative atomic mass
146,940142293 ± 0,000005368 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
5,8 ± 0,4 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1982
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

148Ho

Адади массавӣ148
neutron number81
relative atomic mass
147,937743925 ± 0,00009 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,2 ± 1,1 s
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1979
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

149Ho

Адади массавӣ149
neutron number82
relative atomic mass
148,933820457 ± 0,000012866 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,1 ± 0,2 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1979
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

150Ho

Адади массавӣ150
neutron number83
relative atomic mass
149,933498353 ± 0,000015209 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
76,8 ± 1,8 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1963
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

151Ho

Адади массавӣ151
neutron number84
relative atomic mass
150,931698176 ± 0,000008908 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
35,2 ± 0,1 s
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88%
α (α emission)22%

152Ho

Адади массавӣ152
neutron number85
relative atomic mass
151,931717618 ± 0,000013449 Da
g-factor
-0,51 ± 0,01
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
161,8 ± 0,3 s
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1 ± 0,2
таърихи кашф1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)88%
α (α emission)12%

153Ho

Адади массавӣ153
neutron number86
relative atomic mass
152,930206671 ± 0,000005438 Da
g-factor
1,2345454545455 ± 0,0090909090909091
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,01 ± 0,03 m
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-1,1 ± 0,5
таърихи кашф1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.949%
α (α emission)0.051%

154Ho

Адади массавӣ154
neutron number87
relative atomic mass
153,930606776 ± 0,00000882 Da
g-factor
-0,3205 ± 0,003
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,76 ± 0,19 m
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,19 ± 0,1
таърихи кашф1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.981%
α (α emission)0.019%

155Ho

Адади массавӣ155
neutron number88
relative atomic mass
154,929103363 ± 0,000018754 Da
g-factor
1,4 ± 0,012
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
48 ± 2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
1,56 ± 0,12
таърихи кашф1959
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

156Ho

Адади массавӣ156
neutron number89
relative atomic mass
155,929641634 ± 0,000041249 Da
g-factor
0,745 ± 0,0075
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
56 ± 1 m
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
2,4 ± 0,18
таърихи кашф1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

157Ho

Адади массавӣ157
neutron number90
relative atomic mass
156,928251974 ± 0,000025194 Da
g-factor
1,24 ± 0,0085714285714286
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
12,6 ± 0,2 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,05 ± 0,13
таърихи кашф1966
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

158Ho

Адади массавӣ158
neutron number91
relative atomic mass
157,92894491 ± 0,000029099 Da
g-factor
0,7552 ± 0,0006
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,3 ± 0,4 m
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
4,2 ± 0,4
таърихи кашф1961
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)

159Ho

Адади массавӣ159
neutron number92
relative atomic mass
158,927718683 ± 0,000003268 Da
g-factor
1,22 ± 0,0085714285714286
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
33,05 ± 0,11 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,27 ± 0,13
таърихи кашф1958
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

160Ho

Адади массавӣ160
neutron number93
relative atomic mass
159,928735538 ± 0,00001612 Da
g-factor
0,74 ± 0,006
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25,6 ± 0,3 m
spin5
nuclear quadrupole moment
4 ± 0,2
таърихи кашф1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

161Ho

Адади массавӣ161
neutron number94
relative atomic mass
160,927861815 ± 0,000002309 Da
g-factor
1,2114285714286 ± 0,0085714285714286
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,48 ± 0,05 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,3 ± 0,11
таърихи кашф1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

162Ho

Адади массавӣ162
neutron number95
relative atomic mass
161,929102543 ± 0,00000333 Da
g-factor
2,32 ± 0,03
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
15 ± 1 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

163Ho

Адади массавӣ163
neutron number96
relative atomic mass
162,92874026 ± 0,000000744 Da
g-factor
1,2057142857143 ± 0,011428571428571
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,57 ± 0,025 ky
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,7 ± 0,6
таърихи кашф1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

164Ho

Адади массавӣ164
neutron number97
relative atomic mass
163,930240548 ± 0,000001492 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
28,8 ± 0,5 m
spin1
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1938
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)61%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)39%

165Ho

Адади массавӣ165
neutron number98
relative atomic mass
164,930329116 ± 0,000000844 Da
g-factor
1,1885714285714 ± 0,0085714285714286
natural abundance
100
radioactivitystable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
3,58 ± 0,02
таърихи кашф1934
parity-

166Ho

Адади массавӣ166
neutron number99
relative atomic mass
165,932291209 ± 0,000000844 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
26,812 ± 0,007 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1936
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

167Ho

Адади массавӣ167
neutron number100
relative atomic mass
166,933140254 ± 0,00000557 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,1 ± 0,1 h
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

168Ho

Адади массавӣ168
neutron number101
relative atomic mass
167,935523766 ± 0,000032207 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,99 ± 0,07 m
spin3
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

169Ho

Адади массавӣ169
neutron number102
relative atomic mass
168,93687989 ± 0,000021522 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,72 ± 0,1 m
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1963
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

170Ho

Адади массавӣ170
neutron number103
relative atomic mass
169,939626548 ± 0,000053697 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,76 ± 0,05 m
spin6
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

171Ho

Адади массавӣ171
neutron number104
relative atomic mass
170,941472713 ± 0,000644128 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
53 ± 2 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

172Ho

Адади массавӣ172
neutron number105
relative atomic mass
171,94473 ± 0,00021 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25 ± 3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

173Ho

Адади массавӣ173
neutron number106
relative atomic mass
172,94702 ± 0,00032 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,1 ± 0,4 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

174Ho

Адади массавӣ174
neutron number107
relative atomic mass
173,950757 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,7 ± 0,4 s
spin8
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

175Ho

Адади массавӣ175
neutron number108
relative atomic mass
174,953516 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,88 ± 0,55 s
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2012
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

176Ho

Адади массавӣ176
neutron number109
relative atomic mass
175,957713 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin4
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2012
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

177Ho

Адади массавӣ177
neutron number110
relative atomic mass
176,961052 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
n (neutron emission)

178Ho

Адади массавӣ178
neutron number111
relative atomic mass
177,965507 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
Holmium

таърих

кошифJ.L. Soret
макони кашфSwitzerland
таърихи кашф1878
РешашиносӣFrom Holmia, the Latinized name for Stockholm, Sweden.
pronunciationHOLE-mi-em (Англисӣ)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
1,3 mg/kg
natural abundance (Уқёнус)
0,00000022 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,0000059 %
natural abundance (Офтоб)
0 %
Abundance in Universe
0,00000005 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.3088
2p4.3332
2s17.5444
3d13.6531
3p20.2546
3s20.7649
4d35.3284
4f39.5304
4p32.4372
4s31.688
5p49.661
5s47.424
6s58.561