Lood

Lood (Pb)

chemiese verbinding
Atomic Number82
Atomic Weight207.2
Massagetal208
Group14
Period6
Blockp
proton82 p+
neutron126 n0
elektron82 e-
Animated Bohr model of Pb (Lood)

Physical Property

Atoomradius
180 pm
molar volume
Covalent Radius
144 pm
Metallic Radius
150 pm
Ioonradius
98 pm
Crystal Radius
112 pm
Van der Waals radius
202 pm
density
11,3 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Lood0153045607590105120135150165180195210pmAtoomradiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energie
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,35674316 eV/particle
ionization energy
7,4166796 eV/particle
ionization energy of Pb (Lood)
Verdampingswarmte
177,8 kJ/mol
smeltingswarmte
4,77 kJ/mol
Vormingsentalpie
195,2 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronskil2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
Bohr model: Pb (Lood)
Valenselektrone4
Lewisteorie: Pb (Lood)
elektronkonfigurasie[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
Enhanced Bohr model of Pb (Lood)
Orbital Diagram of Pb (Lood)
Oksidasietoestand-4, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegatiwiteit
1.8
Electrophilicity Index
1,069876866442547 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2 022,15 K
Melting Point
600,612 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
kleur
Slate Gray
appearancemetallic gray
Brekingsindeks
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
35,3 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000289 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,84 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Geleidingsvermoë
4,8 MS/m
Elektriese resistiwiteit
0,00000021 m Ω
superconductivity
7,2 K
Magnetisme
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000015 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000311 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,000017
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
structure
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
4,95 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
1,5 MPa
Massamodulus
46 GPa
Skuifmodulus
5,6 GPa
Young se modulus
16 GPa
Poisson se verhouding
0,44
Spoed van klank
1 260 m/s
classification
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIVB
IUPAC GroupIVA
Glawe Number82
Mendeleev Number91
Pettifor Number82
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
47 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,171
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00003
quantum number3P0
Ruimtegroep225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Lead

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes43
Natural Isotopes4
Isotopic Composition20852.40%20852.40%20624.10%20624.10%20722.10%20722.10%2041.40%2041.40%

178Pb

Massagetal178
neutron number96
relative atomic mass
178,003836171 ± 0,000024889 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
250 ± 80 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

179Pb

Massagetal179
neutron number97
relative atomic mass
179,002202492 ± 0,000087203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,7 ± 0,2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

180Pb

Massagetal180
neutron number98
relative atomic mass
179,997916177 ± 0,000013306 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,1 ± 0,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1996
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

181Pb

Massagetal181
neutron number99
relative atomic mass
180,9966606 ± 0,00009129 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
39 ± 0,8 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

182Pb

Massagetal182
neutron number100
relative atomic mass
181,992673537 ± 0,000012975 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
55 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

183Pb

Massagetal183
neutron number101
relative atomic mass
182,991862527 ± 0,00003111 Da
g-factor
-0,76933333333333 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
535 ± 30 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1980
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

184Pb

Massagetal184
neutron number102
relative atomic mass
183,988135634 ± 0,000013743 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
490 ± 25 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)80%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

185Pb

Massagetal185
neutron number103
relative atomic mass
184,98761 ± 0,000017364 Da
g-factor
-0,758 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
6,3 ± 0,4 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)66%
α (α emission)34%

186Pb

Massagetal186
neutron number104
relative atomic mass
185,984239409 ± 0,000011813 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
4,82 ± 0,03 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)40%

187Pb

Massagetal187
neutron number105
relative atomic mass
186,983910842 ± 0,000005468 Da
g-factor
-0,748 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
15,2 ± 0,3 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)90.5%
α (α emission)9.5%

188Pb

Massagetal188
neutron number106
relative atomic mass
187,980879079 ± 0,000010868 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
25,1 ± 0,1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)91.5%
α (α emission)8.5%

189Pb

Massagetal189
neutron number107
relative atomic mass
188,980843658 ± 0,000015096 Da
g-factor
-0,718 ± 0,006
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
39 ± 8 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.58%
α (α emission)0.42%

190Pb

Massagetal190
neutron number108
relative atomic mass
189,978081872 ± 0,000013434 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
71 ± 1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.6%
α (α emission)0.4%

191Pb

Massagetal191
neutron number109
relative atomic mass
190,978216455 ± 0,000007099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,33 ± 0,08 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.51%

192Pb

Massagetal192
neutron number110
relative atomic mass
191,975789598 ± 0,000006147 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,5 ± 0,1 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0059%

193Pb

Massagetal193
neutron number111
relative atomic mass
192,976135914 ± 0,000011044 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

194Pb

Massagetal194
neutron number112
relative atomic mass
193,974011788 ± 0,000018717 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
10,7 ± 0,6 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)7.3%

195Pb

Massagetal195
neutron number113
relative atomic mass
194,974516167 ± 0,000005461 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
15 ± 1,4 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

196Pb

Massagetal196
neutron number114
relative atomic mass
195,972787552 ± 0,000008277 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
37 ± 3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3%

197Pb

Massagetal197
neutron number115
relative atomic mass
196,973434737 ± 0,000005157 Da
g-factor
-0,71453333333333 ± 0,0015333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
8,1 ± 1,7 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,08 ± 0,17
ontdekkingsdatum1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

198Pb

Massagetal198
neutron number116
relative atomic mass
197,97201545 ± 0,000009393 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
2,4 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

199Pb

Massagetal199
neutron number117
relative atomic mass
198,97291262 ± 0,000007322 Da
g-factor
-0,7138 ± 0,00093333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
90 ± 10 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,08 ± 0,09
ontdekkingsdatum1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

200Pb

Massagetal200
neutron number118
relative atomic mass
199,971818546 ± 0,000010744 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
21,5 ± 0,4 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

201Pb

Massagetal201
neutron number119
relative atomic mass
200,972870431 ± 0,000014758 Da
g-factor
0,26924 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
9,33 ± 0,03 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,01 ± 0,04
ontdekkingsdatum1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

202Pb

Massagetal202
neutron number120
relative atomic mass
201,972151613 ± 0,000004075 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
52,5 ± 2,8 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

203Pb

Massagetal203
neutron number121
relative atomic mass
202,973390617 ± 0,000007036 Da
g-factor
0,27364 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
51,924 ± 0,015 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1 ± 0,05
ontdekkingsdatum1942
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

204Pb

Massagetal204
neutron number122
relative atomic mass
203,973043506 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,4 ± 0,6
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1932
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

205Pb

Massagetal205
neutron number123
relative atomic mass
204,974481682 ± 0,000001228 Da
g-factor
0,28376 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
17 ± 0,9 My
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,23 ± 0,04
ontdekkingsdatum1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

206Pb

Massagetal206
neutron number124
relative atomic mass
205,97446521 ± 0,000001228 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24,1 ± 3
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1927
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

207Pb

Massagetal207
neutron number125
relative atomic mass
206,975896821 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
1,1812 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
22,1 ± 5
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1927
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

208Pb

Massagetal208
neutron number126
relative atomic mass
207,976652005 ± 0,000001232 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
52,4 ± 7
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1927
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

209Pb

Massagetal209
neutron number127
relative atomic mass
208,981089978 ± 0,000001875 Da
g-factor
-0,32635555555556 ± 0,00042222222222222
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
3,235 ± 0,005 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,27 ± 0,17
ontdekkingsdatum1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

210Pb

Massagetal210
neutron number128
relative atomic mass
209,984188381 ± 0,000001554 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
22,2 ± 0,22 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1900
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)1.9%

211Pb

Massagetal211
neutron number129
relative atomic mass
210,988735288 ± 0,000002426 Da
g-factor
-0,31091111111111 ± 0,00026666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
36,1628 ± 0,0025 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,09 ± 0,06
ontdekkingsdatum1904
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

212Pb

Massagetal212
neutron number130
relative atomic mass
211,991895891 ± 0,000001975 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
10,627 ± 0,006 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1905
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

213Pb

Massagetal213
neutron number131
relative atomic mass
212,996560796 ± 0,000007465 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
10,2 ± 0,3 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

214Pb

Massagetal214
neutron number132
relative atomic mass
213,999803521 ± 0,000002114 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
27,06 ± 0,07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum1904
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

215Pb

Massagetal215
neutron number133
relative atomic mass
215,004661591 ± 0,00005656 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
142 ± 11 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum1998
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

216Pb

Massagetal216
neutron number134
relative atomic mass
216,008062 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
1,66 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

217Pb

Massagetal217
neutron number135
relative atomic mass
217,013162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
19,9 ± 5,3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

218Pb

Massagetal218
neutron number136
relative atomic mass
218,016779 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
14,8 ± 6,8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

219Pb

Massagetal219
neutron number137
relative atomic mass
219,022136 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
ontdekkingsdatum2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

220Pb

Massagetal220
neutron number138
relative atomic mass
220,025905 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktiwiteit☢️ radioactive element
Halfleeftyd
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
ontdekkingsdatum2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Lead electrolytic and 1cm3 cube
Lead-2

geskiedenis

Ontdek deurKnown to the ancients.
ligging van ontdekking
ontdekkingsdatum
etimologieAnglo-Saxon: lead; symbol from Latin: plumbum.
uitspraakLED (Engels)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (oseaan)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,00017 %
natural abundance (Meteoroïde)
0,00014 %
natural abundance (Son)
0,000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.5805
2p4.5234
2s21.57
3d13.4533
3p22.8505
3s23.8477
4d37.6804
4f38.0312
4p35.9664
4s35.1072
5d58.848
5p53.97
5s51.8685
6p69.607
6s67.9