Olovo

Olovo (Pb)

hemijski element sa simbolom Pb i atomskim brojem 82
Atomic Number82
Atomic Weight207.2
Maseni broj208
Group14
Period6
Blockp
Proton82 p+
Neutron126 n0
Elektron82 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Pb (Olovo)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
180 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
144 pm
Metallic Radius
150 pm
Ionski radijus
98 pm
Crystal Radius
112 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
202 pm
gustoća
11,3 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Olovo0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,35674316 eV/particle
ionization energy
7,4166796 eV/particle
ionization energy of Pb (Olovo)
Toplota isparavanja
177,8 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
4,77 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
195,2 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
Bohrov model atoma: Pb (Olovo)
Valentni elektron4
Lewis structure: Pb (Olovo)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Pb (Olovo)
Orbital Diagram of Pb (Olovo)
oksidacijsko stanje-4, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegativnost
1.8
Electrophilicity Index
1,069876866442547 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2.022,15 K
Melting Point
600,612 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Slate Gray
appearancemetallic gray
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
35,3 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000289 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,84 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
4,8 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000021 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
7,2 K
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000015 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000311 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,000017
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
4,95 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
1,5 MPa
bulk modulus
46 GPa
shear modulus
5,6 GPa
Young's modulus
16 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,44
Brzina zvuka
1.260 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIVB
IUPAC GroupIVA
Glawe Number82
Mendeleev Number91
Pettifor Number82
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
47 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,171
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00003
Kvantni brojevi3P0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Lead

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes43
Natural Isotopes4
Isotopic Composition20852.40%20852.40%20624.10%20624.10%20722.10%20722.10%2041.40%2041.40%

178Pb

Maseni broj178
broj neutrona96
relative atomic mass
178,003836171 ± 0,000024889 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
250 ± 80 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

179Pb

Maseni broj179
broj neutrona97
relative atomic mass
179,002202492 ± 0,000087203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,7 ± 0,2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

180Pb

Maseni broj180
broj neutrona98
relative atomic mass
179,997916177 ± 0,000013306 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,1 ± 0,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1996
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

181Pb

Maseni broj181
broj neutrona99
relative atomic mass
180,9966606 ± 0,00009129 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
39 ± 0,8 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

182Pb

Maseni broj182
broj neutrona100
relative atomic mass
181,992673537 ± 0,000012975 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
55 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

183Pb

Maseni broj183
broj neutrona101
relative atomic mass
182,991862527 ± 0,00003111 Da
g-factor
-0,76933333333333 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
535 ± 30 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1980
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

184Pb

Maseni broj184
broj neutrona102
relative atomic mass
183,988135634 ± 0,000013743 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
490 ± 25 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)80%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

185Pb

Maseni broj185
broj neutrona103
relative atomic mass
184,98761 ± 0,000017364 Da
g-factor
-0,758 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,3 ± 0,4 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)66%
α (α emission)34%

186Pb

Maseni broj186
broj neutrona104
relative atomic mass
185,984239409 ± 0,000011813 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,82 ± 0,03 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)40%

187Pb

Maseni broj187
broj neutrona105
relative atomic mass
186,983910842 ± 0,000005468 Da
g-factor
-0,748 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15,2 ± 0,3 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)90.5%
α (α emission)9.5%

188Pb

Maseni broj188
broj neutrona106
relative atomic mass
187,980879079 ± 0,000010868 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
25,1 ± 0,1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)91.5%
α (α emission)8.5%

189Pb

Maseni broj189
broj neutrona107
relative atomic mass
188,980843658 ± 0,000015096 Da
g-factor
-0,718 ± 0,006
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
39 ± 8 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.58%
α (α emission)0.42%

190Pb

Maseni broj190
broj neutrona108
relative atomic mass
189,978081872 ± 0,000013434 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
71 ± 1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.6%
α (α emission)0.4%

191Pb

Maseni broj191
broj neutrona109
relative atomic mass
190,978216455 ± 0,000007099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,33 ± 0,08 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.51%

192Pb

Maseni broj192
broj neutrona110
relative atomic mass
191,975789598 ± 0,000006147 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,5 ± 0,1 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0059%

193Pb

Maseni broj193
broj neutrona111
relative atomic mass
192,976135914 ± 0,000011044 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

194Pb

Maseni broj194
broj neutrona112
relative atomic mass
193,974011788 ± 0,000018717 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,7 ± 0,6 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)7.3%

195Pb

Maseni broj195
broj neutrona113
relative atomic mass
194,974516167 ± 0,000005461 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15 ± 1,4 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

196Pb

Maseni broj196
broj neutrona114
relative atomic mass
195,972787552 ± 0,000008277 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
37 ± 3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3%

197Pb

Maseni broj197
broj neutrona115
relative atomic mass
196,973434737 ± 0,000005157 Da
g-factor
-0,71453333333333 ± 0,0015333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,1 ± 1,7 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,08 ± 0,17
datum otkrića1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

198Pb

Maseni broj198
broj neutrona116
relative atomic mass
197,97201545 ± 0,000009393 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,4 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

199Pb

Maseni broj199
broj neutrona117
relative atomic mass
198,97291262 ± 0,000007322 Da
g-factor
-0,7138 ± 0,00093333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
90 ± 10 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,08 ± 0,09
datum otkrića1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

200Pb

Maseni broj200
broj neutrona118
relative atomic mass
199,971818546 ± 0,000010744 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
21,5 ± 0,4 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

201Pb

Maseni broj201
broj neutrona119
relative atomic mass
200,972870431 ± 0,000014758 Da
g-factor
0,26924 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,33 ± 0,03 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,01 ± 0,04
datum otkrića1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

202Pb

Maseni broj202
broj neutrona120
relative atomic mass
201,972151613 ± 0,000004075 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
52,5 ± 2,8 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

203Pb

Maseni broj203
broj neutrona121
relative atomic mass
202,973390617 ± 0,000007036 Da
g-factor
0,27364 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
51,924 ± 0,015 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1 ± 0,05
datum otkrića1942
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

204Pb

Maseni broj204
broj neutrona122
relative atomic mass
203,973043506 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,4 ± 0,6
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1932
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

205Pb

Maseni broj205
broj neutrona123
relative atomic mass
204,974481682 ± 0,000001228 Da
g-factor
0,28376 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
17 ± 0,9 My
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,23 ± 0,04
datum otkrića1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

206Pb

Maseni broj206
broj neutrona124
relative atomic mass
205,97446521 ± 0,000001228 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24,1 ± 3
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1927
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

207Pb

Maseni broj207
broj neutrona125
relative atomic mass
206,975896821 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
1,1812 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
22,1 ± 5
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1927
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

208Pb

Maseni broj208
broj neutrona126
relative atomic mass
207,976652005 ± 0,000001232 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
52,4 ± 7
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1927
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

209Pb

Maseni broj209
broj neutrona127
relative atomic mass
208,981089978 ± 0,000001875 Da
g-factor
-0,32635555555556 ± 0,00042222222222222
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,235 ± 0,005 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,27 ± 0,17
datum otkrića1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

210Pb

Maseni broj210
broj neutrona128
relative atomic mass
209,984188381 ± 0,000001554 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
22,2 ± 0,22 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1900
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)1.9%

211Pb

Maseni broj211
broj neutrona129
relative atomic mass
210,988735288 ± 0,000002426 Da
g-factor
-0,31091111111111 ± 0,00026666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
36,1628 ± 0,0025 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,09 ± 0,06
datum otkrića1904
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

212Pb

Maseni broj212
broj neutrona130
relative atomic mass
211,991895891 ± 0,000001975 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,627 ± 0,006 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1905
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

213Pb

Maseni broj213
broj neutrona131
relative atomic mass
212,996560796 ± 0,000007465 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,2 ± 0,3 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

214Pb

Maseni broj214
broj neutrona132
relative atomic mass
213,999803521 ± 0,000002114 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
27,06 ± 0,07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1904
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

215Pb

Maseni broj215
broj neutrona133
relative atomic mass
215,004661591 ± 0,00005656 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
142 ± 11 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1998
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

216Pb

Maseni broj216
broj neutrona134
relative atomic mass
216,008062 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,66 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

217Pb

Maseni broj217
broj neutrona135
relative atomic mass
217,013162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
19,9 ± 5,3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

218Pb

Maseni broj218
broj neutrona136
relative atomic mass
218,016779 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
14,8 ± 6,8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

219Pb

Maseni broj219
broj neutrona137
relative atomic mass
219,022136 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

220Pb

Maseni broj220
broj neutrona138
relative atomic mass
220,025905 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Lead electrolytic and 1cm3 cube
Lead-2

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljKnown to the ancients.
mjesto otkrića
datum otkrića
EtimologijaAnglo-Saxon: lead; symbol from Latin: plumbum.
pronunciationLED (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (okean)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
0,00017 %
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,00014 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.5805
2p4.5234
2s21.57
3d13.4533
3p22.8505
3s23.8477
4d37.6804
4f38.0312
4p35.9664
4s35.1072
5d58.848
5p53.97
5s51.8685
6p69.607
6s67.9