Beruna

Beruna (Pb)

82 zenbaki atomikoa duen elementu kimikoa
Atomic Number82
Atomic Weight207.2
masa-zenbaki208
Group14
Period6
Blockp
protoi82 p+
neutroi126 n0
elektroi82 e-
Animated Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Pb (Beruna)

Propietate Fisiko

Erradio Atomiko
180 pm
bolumen molar
Erradio Kobalente
144 pm
Metallic Radius
150 pm
Erradio ioniko
98 pm
Crystal Radius
112 pm
Van der Waalsen erradio
202 pm
dentsitatea
11,3 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Beruna0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmErradio AtomikoErradio KobalenteMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsen erradio

Magnitude Fisiko

energia
proton affinity
Afinitate elektroniko
0,35674316 eV/particle
ionizazio energia
7,4166796 eV/particle
ionizazio energia of Pb (Beruna)
Irakite-entalpia
177,8 kJ/mol
urtze-entalpia
4,77 kJ/mol
formazio entalpia estandarra
195,2 kJ/mol
elektroi
elektroi geruza2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
Bohrren eredu atomikoa: Pb (Beruna)
balentzia-elektroi4
Lewis egitura: Pb (Beruna)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
Enhanced Bohrren eredu atomikoa of Pb (Beruna)
Orbital Diagram of Pb (Beruna)
Oxidazio-egoera-4, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegatibotasun
1.8
Electrophilicity Index
1,069876866442547 eV/particle
materiaren funtsezko egoera
materiaren egoeraSolid
materiaren egoera gaseoso
Boiling Point
2.022,15 K
Melting Point
600,612 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Puntu hirukoitz
appearance
kolore
Slate Gray
appearancemetallic gray
errefrakzio-indize
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
35,3 W/(m K)
Bero-dilatazio
0,0000289 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,84 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
indize adiabatiko
electrical properties
typeConductor
Eroankortasun elektriko
4,8 MS/m
Erresistibitate elektriko
0,00000021 m Ω
Supereroankortasun
7,2 K
Magnetismo
typediamagnetic
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Mass)
−0,0000000015 m³/Kg
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Molar)
−0,000000000311 m³/mol
suszeptibilitate magnetiko (Volume)
−0,000017
magnetic ordering
Curieren tenperatura
Néel temperature
egitura
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
4,95 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
materialen propietate mekaniko
Gogortasun
1,5 MPa
konprimagarritasun-modulu
46 GPa
Zizaila modulua
5,6 GPa
Youngen modulu
16 GPa
Poissonen modulu
0,44
Soinuaren lastertasun
1.260 m/s
classification
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIVB
IUPAC GroupIVA
Glawe Number82
Mendeleev Number91
Pettifor Number82
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

beste batzuk

Gas Basicity
polarizability
47 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,171
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00003
zenbaki kuantiko3P0
talde espazial225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Lead

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes43
Natural Isotopes4
Isotopic Composition20852.40%20852.40%20624.10%20624.10%20722.10%20722.10%2041.40%2041.40%

178Pb

masa-zenbaki178
neutron number96
atomo-masa erlatibo
178,003836171 ± 0,000024889 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
250 ± 80 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

179Pb

masa-zenbaki179
neutron number97
atomo-masa erlatibo
179,002202492 ± 0,000087203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,7 ± 0,2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

180Pb

masa-zenbaki180
neutron number98
atomo-masa erlatibo
179,997916177 ± 0,000013306 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,1 ± 0,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1996
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

181Pb

masa-zenbaki181
neutron number99
atomo-masa erlatibo
180,9966606 ± 0,00009129 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
39 ± 0,8 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

182Pb

masa-zenbaki182
neutron number100
atomo-masa erlatibo
181,992673537 ± 0,000012975 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
55 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

183Pb

masa-zenbaki183
neutron number101
atomo-masa erlatibo
182,991862527 ± 0,00003111 Da
g-factor
−0,76933333333333 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
535 ± 30 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1980
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

184Pb

masa-zenbaki184
neutron number102
atomo-masa erlatibo
183,988135634 ± 0,000013743 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
490 ± 25 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)80%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

185Pb

masa-zenbaki185
neutron number103
atomo-masa erlatibo
184,98761 ± 0,000017364 Da
g-factor
−0,758 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
6,3 ± 0,4 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)66%
α (α emission)34%

186Pb

masa-zenbaki186
neutron number104
atomo-masa erlatibo
185,984239409 ± 0,000011813 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
4,82 ± 0,03 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)40%

187Pb

masa-zenbaki187
neutron number105
atomo-masa erlatibo
186,983910842 ± 0,000005468 Da
g-factor
−0,748 ± 0,002
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
15,2 ± 0,3 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)90.5%
α (α emission)9.5%

188Pb

masa-zenbaki188
neutron number106
atomo-masa erlatibo
187,980879079 ± 0,000010868 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
25,1 ± 0,1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)91.5%
α (α emission)8.5%

189Pb

masa-zenbaki189
neutron number107
atomo-masa erlatibo
188,980843658 ± 0,000015096 Da
g-factor
−0,718 ± 0,006
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
39 ± 8 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.58%
α (α emission)0.42%

190Pb

masa-zenbaki190
neutron number108
atomo-masa erlatibo
189,978081872 ± 0,000013434 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
71 ± 1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.6%
α (α emission)0.4%

191Pb

masa-zenbaki191
neutron number109
atomo-masa erlatibo
190,978216455 ± 0,000007099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,33 ± 0,08 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.51%

192Pb

masa-zenbaki192
neutron number110
atomo-masa erlatibo
191,975789598 ± 0,000006147 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,5 ± 0,1 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0059%

193Pb

masa-zenbaki193
neutron number111
atomo-masa erlatibo
192,976135914 ± 0,000011044 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

194Pb

masa-zenbaki194
neutron number112
atomo-masa erlatibo
193,974011788 ± 0,000018717 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,7 ± 0,6 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)7.3%

195Pb

masa-zenbaki195
neutron number113
atomo-masa erlatibo
194,974516167 ± 0,000005461 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
15 ± 1,4 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

196Pb

masa-zenbaki196
neutron number114
atomo-masa erlatibo
195,972787552 ± 0,000008277 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
37 ± 3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3%

197Pb

masa-zenbaki197
neutron number115
atomo-masa erlatibo
196,973434737 ± 0,000005157 Da
g-factor
−0,71453333333333 ± 0,0015333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
8,1 ± 1,7 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,08 ± 0,17
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

198Pb

masa-zenbaki198
neutron number116
atomo-masa erlatibo
197,97201545 ± 0,000009393 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
2,4 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

199Pb

masa-zenbaki199
neutron number117
atomo-masa erlatibo
198,97291262 ± 0,000007322 Da
g-factor
−0,7138 ± 0,00093333333333333
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
90 ± 10 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,08 ± 0,09
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

200Pb

masa-zenbaki200
neutron number118
atomo-masa erlatibo
199,971818546 ± 0,000010744 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
21,5 ± 0,4 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

201Pb

masa-zenbaki201
neutron number119
atomo-masa erlatibo
200,972870431 ± 0,000014758 Da
g-factor
0,26924 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
9,33 ± 0,03 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,01 ± 0,04
aurkikuntza-data1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

202Pb

masa-zenbaki202
neutron number120
atomo-masa erlatibo
201,972151613 ± 0,000004075 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
52,5 ± 2,8 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

203Pb

masa-zenbaki203
neutron number121
atomo-masa erlatibo
202,973390617 ± 0,000007036 Da
g-factor
0,27364 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
51,924 ± 0,015 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1 ± 0,05
aurkikuntza-data1942
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

204Pb

masa-zenbaki204
neutron number122
atomo-masa erlatibo
203,973043506 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,4 ± 0,6
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1932
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

205Pb

masa-zenbaki205
neutron number123
atomo-masa erlatibo
204,974481682 ± 0,000001228 Da
g-factor
0,28376 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
17 ± 0,9 My
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,23 ± 0,04
aurkikuntza-data1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

206Pb

masa-zenbaki206
neutron number124
atomo-masa erlatibo
205,97446521 ± 0,000001228 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24,1 ± 3
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1927
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

207Pb

masa-zenbaki207
neutron number125
atomo-masa erlatibo
206,975896821 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
1,1812 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
22,1 ± 5
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1927
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

208Pb

masa-zenbaki208
neutron number126
atomo-masa erlatibo
207,976652005 ± 0,000001232 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
52,4 ± 7
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1927
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

209Pb

masa-zenbaki209
neutron number127
atomo-masa erlatibo
208,981089978 ± 0,000001875 Da
g-factor
−0,32635555555556 ± 0,00042222222222222
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
3,235 ± 0,005 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,27 ± 0,17
aurkikuntza-data1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

210Pb

masa-zenbaki210
neutron number128
atomo-masa erlatibo
209,984188381 ± 0,000001554 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
22,2 ± 0,22 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1900
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)1.9%

211Pb

masa-zenbaki211
neutron number129
atomo-masa erlatibo
210,988735288 ± 0,000002426 Da
g-factor
−0,31091111111111 ± 0,00026666666666667
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
36,1628 ± 0,0025 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,09 ± 0,06
aurkikuntza-data1904
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

212Pb

masa-zenbaki212
neutron number130
atomo-masa erlatibo
211,991895891 ± 0,000001975 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,627 ± 0,006 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1905
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

213Pb

masa-zenbaki213
neutron number131
atomo-masa erlatibo
212,996560796 ± 0,000007465 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
10,2 ± 0,3 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

214Pb

masa-zenbaki214
neutron number132
atomo-masa erlatibo
213,999803521 ± 0,000002114 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
27,06 ± 0,07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data1904
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

215Pb

masa-zenbaki215
neutron number133
atomo-masa erlatibo
215,004661591 ± 0,00005656 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
142 ± 11 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data1998
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

216Pb

masa-zenbaki216
neutron number134
atomo-masa erlatibo
216,008062 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
1,66 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

217Pb

masa-zenbaki217
neutron number135
atomo-masa erlatibo
217,013162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
19,9 ± 5,3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

218Pb

masa-zenbaki218
neutron number136
atomo-masa erlatibo
218,016779 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
14,8 ± 6,8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

219Pb

masa-zenbaki219
neutron number137
atomo-masa erlatibo
219,022136 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
aurkikuntza-data2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

220Pb

masa-zenbaki220
neutron number138
atomo-masa erlatibo
220,025905 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
desintegrazio erradioaktibo☢️ radioactive element
Semidesintegrazio-periodo
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
aurkikuntza-data2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Lead electrolytic and 1cm3 cube
Lead-2

historia

aurkitzailea edo asmatzaileaKnown to the ancients.
aurkikuntzaren lekua
aurkikuntza-data
etimologiaAnglo-Saxon: lead; symbol from Latin: plumbum.
pronunciationLED (ingelesa)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (ozeano)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (gizakiaren gorputza)
0,00017 %
natural abundance (Meteoroide)
0,00014 %
natural abundance (Eguzkia)
0,000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.5805
2p4.5234
2s21.57
3d13.4533
3p22.8505
3s23.8477
4d37.6804
4f38.0312
4p35.9664
4s35.1072
5d58.848
5p53.97
5s51.8685
6p69.607
6s67.9