Olovo

Olovo (Pb)

chemical element with symbol Pb and atomic number 82
Atomski broj82
Relativna atomska masa207.2
Maseni broj208
Skupina14
Perioda6
Blokp
proton82 p+
neutron126 n0
elektron82 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Pb (Olovo)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
180 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
144 pm
Metallic Radius
150 pm
Ionski radijus
98 pm
Crystal Radius
112 pm
Van der Waals radius
202 pm
gustoća
11,3 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Olovo0153045607590105120135150165180195210pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
Elektronski afinitet
0,35674316 eV/particle
ionization energy
7,4166796 eV/particle
ionization energy of Pb (Olovo)
Toplina isparivanja
177,8 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
4,77 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
195,2 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
Bohrov model atoma: Pb (Olovo)
valence electron4
Lewis structure: Pb (Olovo)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Pb (Olovo)
Orbital Diagram of Pb (Olovo)
Oksidacijski broj-4, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegativnost
1.8
Electrophilicity Index
1,069876866442547 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeČvrsto
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
2.022,15 K
Talište
600,612 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Škriljasto siva
appearancemetallic gray
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
35,3 W/(m K)
Toplinsko istezanje
0,0000289 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,84 J/(mol K)
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
4,8 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,00000021 m Ω
Supravodljivost
7,2 K
Magnetizam
typediamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
−0,0000000015 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
−0,000000000311 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
−0,000017
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
Néel temperature
struktura
Kristalna strukturaKubna plošno centrirana (FCC)
lattice constant
4,95 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
1,5 MPa
bulk modulus
46 GPa
shear modulus
5,6 GPa
Youngov modul elastičnosti
16 GPa
Poissonov omjer
0,44
brzina zvuka
1.260 m/s
classification
KategorijaSlabi metali, Poor metals
CAS GroupIVB
IUPAC GroupIVA
Glawe Number82
Mendeleev Number91
Pettifor Number82
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
47 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Nuklearni udarni presjek
0,171
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00003
Kvantni brojevi3P0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Lead

Stabilni izotopi0
Nestabilni izotopi43
Natural Isotopes4
Isotopic Composition20852.40%20852.40%20624.10%20624.10%20722.10%20722.10%2041.40%2041.40%

178Pb

Maseni broj178
neutron number96
Relativna atomska masa
178,003836171 ± 0,000024889 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
250 ± 80 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2001
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

179Pb

Maseni broj179
neutron number97
Relativna atomska masa
179,002202492 ± 0,000087203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,7 ± 0,2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

180Pb

Maseni broj180
neutron number98
Relativna atomska masa
179,997916177 ± 0,000013306 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,1 ± 0,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1996
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

181Pb

Maseni broj181
neutron number99
Relativna atomska masa
180,9966606 ± 0,00009129 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
39 ± 0,8 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1989
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

182Pb

Maseni broj182
neutron number100
Relativna atomska masa
181,992673537 ± 0,000012975 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
55 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1986
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

183Pb

Maseni broj183
neutron number101
Relativna atomska masa
182,991862527 ± 0,00003111 Da
g-factor
−0,76933333333333 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
535 ± 30 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1980
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

184Pb

Maseni broj184
neutron number102
Relativna atomska masa
183,988135634 ± 0,000013743 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
490 ± 25 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1980
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)80%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

185Pb

Maseni broj185
neutron number103
Relativna atomska masa
184,98761 ± 0,000017364 Da
g-factor
−0,758 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,3 ± 0,4 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1975
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)66%
α (α emission)34%

186Pb

Maseni broj186
neutron number104
Relativna atomska masa
185,984239409 ± 0,000011813 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,82 ± 0,03 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1972
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)40%

187Pb

Maseni broj187
neutron number105
Relativna atomska masa
186,983910842 ± 0,000005468 Da
g-factor
−0,748 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15,2 ± 0,3 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1972
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)90.5%
α (α emission)9.5%

188Pb

Maseni broj188
neutron number106
Relativna atomska masa
187,980879079 ± 0,000010868 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
25,1 ± 0,1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1972
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)91.5%
α (α emission)8.5%

189Pb

Maseni broj189
neutron number107
Relativna atomska masa
188,980843658 ± 0,000015096 Da
g-factor
−0,718 ± 0,006
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
39 ± 8 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1972
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.58%
α (α emission)0.42%

190Pb

Maseni broj190
neutron number108
Relativna atomska masa
189,978081872 ± 0,000013434 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
71 ± 1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1972
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.6%
α (α emission)0.4%

191Pb

Maseni broj191
neutron number109
Relativna atomska masa
190,978216455 ± 0,000007099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,33 ± 0,08 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1974
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.51%

192Pb

Maseni broj192
neutron number110
Relativna atomska masa
191,975789598 ± 0,000006147 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,5 ± 0,1 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1974
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0059%

193Pb

Maseni broj193
neutron number111
Relativna atomska masa
192,976135914 ± 0,000011044 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1974
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

194Pb

Maseni broj194
neutron number112
Relativna atomska masa
193,974011788 ± 0,000018717 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,7 ± 0,6 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1960
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)7.3%

195Pb

Maseni broj195
neutron number113
Relativna atomska masa
194,974516167 ± 0,000005461 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
15 ± 1,4 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1957
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

196Pb

Maseni broj196
neutron number114
Relativna atomska masa
195,972787552 ± 0,000008277 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
37 ± 3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1957
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3%

197Pb

Maseni broj197
neutron number115
Relativna atomska masa
196,973434737 ± 0,000005157 Da
g-factor
−0,71453333333333 ± 0,0015333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,1 ± 1,7 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,08 ± 0,17
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1955
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

198Pb

Maseni broj198
neutron number116
Relativna atomska masa
197,97201545 ± 0,000009393 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,4 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1955
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

199Pb

Maseni broj199
neutron number117
Relativna atomska masa
198,97291262 ± 0,000007322 Da
g-factor
−0,7138 ± 0,00093333333333333
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
90 ± 10 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,08 ± 0,09
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1950
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

200Pb

Maseni broj200
neutron number118
Relativna atomska masa
199,971818546 ± 0,000010744 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
21,5 ± 0,4 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1950
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

201Pb

Maseni broj201
neutron number119
Relativna atomska masa
200,972870431 ± 0,000014758 Da
g-factor
0,26924 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,33 ± 0,03 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,01 ± 0,04
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1950
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

202Pb

Maseni broj202
neutron number120
Relativna atomska masa
201,972151613 ± 0,000004075 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
52,5 ± 2,8 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1954
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

203Pb

Maseni broj203
neutron number121
Relativna atomska masa
202,973390617 ± 0,000007036 Da
g-factor
0,27364 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
51,924 ± 0,015 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1 ± 0,05
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1942
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

204Pb

Maseni broj204
neutron number122
Relativna atomska masa
203,973043506 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,4 ± 0,6
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1932
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

205Pb

Maseni broj205
neutron number123
Relativna atomska masa
204,974481682 ± 0,000001228 Da
g-factor
0,28376 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
17 ± 0,9 My
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,23 ± 0,04
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1954
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

206Pb

Maseni broj206
neutron number124
Relativna atomska masa
205,97446521 ± 0,000001228 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24,1 ± 3
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1927
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

207Pb

Maseni broj207
neutron number125
Relativna atomska masa
206,975896821 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
1,1812 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
22,1 ± 5
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1927
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

208Pb

Maseni broj208
neutron number126
Relativna atomska masa
207,976652005 ± 0,000001232 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
52,4 ± 7
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1927
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

209Pb

Maseni broj209
neutron number127
Relativna atomska masa
208,981089978 ± 0,000001875 Da
g-factor
−0,32635555555556 ± 0,00042222222222222
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,235 ± 0,005 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
−0,27 ± 0,17
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1940
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

210Pb

Maseni broj210
neutron number128
Relativna atomska masa
209,984188381 ± 0,000001554 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
22,2 ± 0,22 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1900
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)1.9%

211Pb

Maseni broj211
neutron number129
Relativna atomska masa
210,988735288 ± 0,000002426 Da
g-factor
−0,31091111111111 ± 0,00026666666666667
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
36,1628 ± 0,0025 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,09 ± 0,06
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1904
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

212Pb

Maseni broj212
neutron number130
Relativna atomska masa
211,991895891 ± 0,000001975 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,627 ± 0,006 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1905
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

213Pb

Maseni broj213
neutron number131
Relativna atomska masa
212,996560796 ± 0,000007465 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
10,2 ± 0,3 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1964
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

214Pb

Maseni broj214
neutron number132
Relativna atomska masa
213,999803521 ± 0,000002114 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
27,06 ± 0,07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1904
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

215Pb

Maseni broj215
neutron number133
Relativna atomska masa
215,004661591 ± 0,00005656 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
142 ± 11 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1998
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

216Pb

Maseni broj216
neutron number134
Relativna atomska masa
216,008062 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,66 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

217Pb

Maseni broj217
neutron number135
Relativna atomska masa
217,013162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
19,9 ± 5,3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

218Pb

Maseni broj218
neutron number136
Relativna atomska masa
218,016779 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
14,8 ± 6,8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2009
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

219Pb

Maseni broj219
neutron number137
Relativna atomska masa
219,022136 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2009
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

220Pb

Maseni broj220
neutron number138
Relativna atomska masa
220,025905 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Lead electrolytic and 1cm3 cube
Lead-2

povijest

otkrio/izumioKnown to the ancients.
location of discovery
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma
EtimologijaAnglo-Saxon: lead; symbol from Latin: plumbum.
pronunciationLED (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
natural abundance (ocean)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (tijelo)
0,00017 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00014 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,000001 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.5805
2p4.5234
2s21.57
3d13.4533
3p22.8505
3s23.8477
4d37.6804
4f38.0312
4p35.9664
4s35.1072
5d58.848
5p53.97
5s51.8685
6p69.607
6s67.9