Plumb

Plumb (Pb)

komponim kimik
Atomic Number82
Atomic Weight207.2
Numri i masës208
Group14
Period6
Blockp
protoni82 p+
neutroni126 n0
elektroni82 e-
Animated Bohr model of Pb (Plumb)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
180 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
144 pm
Metallic Radius
150 pm
ionic radius
98 pm
Crystal Radius
112 pm
Van der Waals radius
202 pm
density
11,3 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Plumb0153045607590105120135150165180195210pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,35674316 eV/particle
ionization energy
7,4166796 eV/particle
ionization energy of Pb (Plumb)
enthalpy of vaporization
177,8 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
4,77 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
195,2 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
Bohr model: Pb (Plumb)
valence electron4
Lewis structure: Pb (Plumb)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
Enhanced Bohr model of Pb (Plumb)
Orbital Diagram of Pb (Plumb)
oxidation number-4, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektronegativiteti
1.8
Electrophilicity Index
1,069876866442547 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2 022,15 K
Melting Point
600,612 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Slate Gray
appearancemetallic gray
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
35,3 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000289 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,84 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
4,8 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000021 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
7,2 K
Magnetizimi
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000015 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000311 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,000017
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
4,95 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
1,5 MPa
bulk modulus
46 GPa
shear modulus
5,6 GPa
Young's modulus
16 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,44
Shpejtësia e zërit
1 260 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIVB
IUPAC GroupIVA
Glawe Number82
Mendeleev Number91
Pettifor Number82
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
47 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,171
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00003
numër kuantik3P0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Lead

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes43
Natural Isotopes4
Isotopic Composition20852.40%20852.40%20624.10%20624.10%20722.10%20722.10%2041.40%2041.40%

178Pb

Numri i masës178
numri i neutroneve96
relative atomic mass
178,003836171 ± 0,000024889 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
250 ± 80 us
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2001
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

179Pb

Numri i masës179
numri i neutroneve97
relative atomic mass
179,002202492 ± 0,000087203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,7 ± 0,2 ms
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%

180Pb

Numri i masës180
numri i neutroneve98
relative atomic mass
179,997916177 ± 0,000013306 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,1 ± 0,3 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1996
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%

181Pb

Numri i masës181
numri i neutroneve99
relative atomic mass
180,9966606 ± 0,00009129 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
39 ± 0,8 ms
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1989
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

182Pb

Numri i masës182
numri i neutroneve100
relative atomic mass
181,992673537 ± 0,000012975 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
55 ± 5 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1986
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

183Pb

Numri i masës183
numri i neutroneve101
relative atomic mass
182,991862527 ± 0,00003111 Da
g-factor
-0,76933333333333 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
535 ± 30 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1980
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

184Pb

Numri i masës184
numri i neutroneve102
relative atomic mass
183,988135634 ± 0,000013743 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
490 ± 25 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1980
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)80%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

185Pb

Numri i masës185
numri i neutroneve103
relative atomic mass
184,98761 ± 0,000017364 Da
g-factor
-0,758 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,3 ± 0,4 s
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1975
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)66%
α (α emission)34%

186Pb

Numri i masës186
numri i neutroneve104
relative atomic mass
185,984239409 ± 0,000011813 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,82 ± 0,03 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1972
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)40%

187Pb

Numri i masës187
numri i neutroneve105
relative atomic mass
186,983910842 ± 0,000005468 Da
g-factor
-0,748 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
15,2 ± 0,3 s
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1972
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)90.5%
α (α emission)9.5%

188Pb

Numri i masës188
numri i neutroneve106
relative atomic mass
187,980879079 ± 0,000010868 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25,1 ± 0,1 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1972
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)91.5%
α (α emission)8.5%

189Pb

Numri i masës189
numri i neutroneve107
relative atomic mass
188,980843658 ± 0,000015096 Da
g-factor
-0,718 ± 0,006
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
39 ± 8 s
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1972
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.58%
α (α emission)0.42%

190Pb

Numri i masës190
numri i neutroneve108
relative atomic mass
189,978081872 ± 0,000013434 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
71 ± 1 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1972
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.6%
α (α emission)0.4%

191Pb

Numri i masës191
numri i neutroneve109
relative atomic mass
190,978216455 ± 0,000007099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,33 ± 0,08 m
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1974
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.51%

192Pb

Numri i masës192
numri i neutroneve110
relative atomic mass
191,975789598 ± 0,000006147 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,5 ± 0,1 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1974
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0059%

193Pb

Numri i masës193
numri i neutroneve111
relative atomic mass
192,976135914 ± 0,000011044 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1974
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

194Pb

Numri i masës194
numri i neutroneve112
relative atomic mass
193,974011788 ± 0,000018717 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,7 ± 0,6 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1960
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)7.3%

195Pb

Numri i masës195
numri i neutroneve113
relative atomic mass
194,974516167 ± 0,000005461 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
15 ± 1,4 m
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1957
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

196Pb

Numri i masës196
numri i neutroneve114
relative atomic mass
195,972787552 ± 0,000008277 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
37 ± 3 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1957
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3%

197Pb

Numri i masës197
numri i neutroneve115
relative atomic mass
196,973434737 ± 0,000005157 Da
g-factor
-0,71453333333333 ± 0,0015333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,1 ± 1,7 m
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,08 ± 0,17
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1955
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

198Pb

Numri i masës198
numri i neutroneve116
relative atomic mass
197,97201545 ± 0,000009393 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,4 ± 0,1 h
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1955
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

199Pb

Numri i masës199
numri i neutroneve117
relative atomic mass
198,97291262 ± 0,000007322 Da
g-factor
-0,7138 ± 0,00093333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
90 ± 10 m
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,08 ± 0,09
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1950
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

200Pb

Numri i masës200
numri i neutroneve118
relative atomic mass
199,971818546 ± 0,000010744 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,5 ± 0,4 h
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1950
parity+

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

201Pb

Numri i masës201
numri i neutroneve119
relative atomic mass
200,972870431 ± 0,000014758 Da
g-factor
0,26924 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,33 ± 0,03 h
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,01 ± 0,04
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1950
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

202Pb

Numri i masës202
numri i neutroneve120
relative atomic mass
201,972151613 ± 0,000004075 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
52,5 ± 2,8 ky
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1954
parity+

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

203Pb

Numri i masës203
numri i neutroneve121
relative atomic mass
202,973390617 ± 0,000007036 Da
g-factor
0,27364 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
51,924 ± 0,015 h
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1 ± 0,05
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1942
parity-

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

204Pb

Numri i masës204
numri i neutroneve122
relative atomic mass
203,973043506 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,4 ± 0,6
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1932
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)

205Pb

Numri i masës205
numri i neutroneve123
relative atomic mass
204,974481682 ± 0,000001228 Da
g-factor
0,28376 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
17 ± 0,9 My
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,23 ± 0,04
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1954
parity-

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

206Pb

Numri i masës206
numri i neutroneve124
relative atomic mass
205,97446521 ± 0,000001228 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24,1 ± 3
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1927
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)

207Pb

Numri i masës207
numri i neutroneve125
relative atomic mass
206,975896821 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
1,1812 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
22,1 ± 5
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1927
parity-

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)

208Pb

Numri i masës208
numri i neutroneve126
relative atomic mass
207,976652005 ± 0,000001232 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
52,4 ± 7
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1927
parity+

decay modeintensitet
α (α emission)

209Pb

Numri i masës209
numri i neutroneve127
relative atomic mass
208,981089978 ± 0,000001875 Da
g-factor
-0,32635555555556 ± 0,00042222222222222
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,235 ± 0,005 h
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,27 ± 0,17
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1940
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

210Pb

Numri i masës210
numri i neutroneve128
relative atomic mass
209,984188381 ± 0,000001554 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
22,2 ± 0,22 y
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1900
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)1.9%

211Pb

Numri i masës211
numri i neutroneve129
relative atomic mass
210,988735288 ± 0,000002426 Da
g-factor
-0,31091111111111 ± 0,00026666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
36,1628 ± 0,0025 m
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,09 ± 0,06
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1904
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

212Pb

Numri i masës212
numri i neutroneve130
relative atomic mass
211,991895891 ± 0,000001975 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,627 ± 0,006 h
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1905
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

213Pb

Numri i masës213
numri i neutroneve131
relative atomic mass
212,996560796 ± 0,000007465 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,2 ± 0,3 m
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1964
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

214Pb

Numri i masës214
numri i neutroneve132
relative atomic mass
213,999803521 ± 0,000002114 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
27,06 ± 0,07 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1904
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

215Pb

Numri i masës215
numri i neutroneve133
relative atomic mass
215,004661591 ± 0,00005656 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
142 ± 11 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1998
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

216Pb

Numri i masës216
numri i neutroneve134
relative atomic mass
216,008062 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,66 ± 0,2 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

217Pb

Numri i masës217
numri i neutroneve135
relative atomic mass
217,013162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
19,9 ± 5,3 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

218Pb

Numri i masës218
numri i neutroneve136
relative atomic mass
218,016779 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,8 ± 6,8 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2009
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

219Pb

Numri i masës219
numri i neutroneve137
relative atomic mass
219,022136 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2009
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)

220Pb

Numri i masës220
numri i neutroneve138
relative atomic mass
220,025905 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
Lead electrolytic and 1cm3 cube
Lead-2

historia

zbuluesKnown to the ancients.
vendndodhja e zbulimit
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes
EtimologjiaAnglo-Saxon: lead; symbol from Latin: plumbum.
pronunciationLED (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Oqeani)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
0,00017 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00014 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.5805
2p4.5234
2s21.57
3d13.4533
3p22.8505
3s23.8477
4d37.6804
4f38.0312
4p35.9664
4s35.1072
5d58.848
5p53.97
5s51.8685
6p69.607
6s67.9