Сурб

Сурб (Pb)

chemical element with symbol Pb and atomic number 82
Atomic Number82
Atomic Weight207.2
Адади массавӣ208
Group14
Period6
Blockp
proton82 p+
neutron126 n0
electron82 e-
Animated Bohr model of Pb (Сурб)

Хусусияти Физикӣ

Atomic Radius
180 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
144 pm
Metallic Radius
150 pm
ionic radius
98 pm
Crystal Radius
112 pm
Van der Waals radius
202 pm
зичӣ
11,3 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Сурб0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

энергия
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,35674316 eV/particle
ionization energy
7,4166796 eV/particle
ionization energy of Pb (Сурб)
enthalpy of vaporization
177,8 kJ/mol
гармои гудозиш
4,77 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
195,2 kJ/mol
electron
Абри электронӣ2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
Bohr model: Pb (Сурб)
valence electron4
Lewis structure: Pb (Сурб)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
Enhanced Bohr model of Pb (Сурб)
Orbital Diagram of Pb (Сурб)
oxidation number-4, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
electronegativity
1.8
Electrophilicity Index
1,069876866442547 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2 022,15 K
Melting Point
600,612 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ранг
Slate Gray
appearancemetallic gray
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
35,3 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000289 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,84 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
навъConductor
electrical conductivity
4,8 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000021 m Ω
superconductivity
7,2 K
magnetism
навъdiamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000015 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000311 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,000017
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
сохт
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
4,95 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
1,5 MPa
bulk modulus
46 GPa
shear modulus
5,6 GPa
Young's modulus
16 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,44
speed of sound
1 260 m/s
classification
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIVB
IUPAC GroupIVA
Glawe Number82
Mendeleev Number91
Pettifor Number82
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
47 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,171
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00003
ададҳои квантӣ3P0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Lead

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes43
Natural Isotopes4
Isotopic Composition20852.40%20852.40%20624.10%20624.10%20722.10%20722.10%2041.40%2041.40%

178Pb

Адади массавӣ178
neutron number96
relative atomic mass
178,003836171 ± 0,000024889 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
250 ± 80 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

179Pb

Адади массавӣ179
neutron number97
relative atomic mass
179,002202492 ± 0,000087203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,7 ± 0,2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

180Pb

Адади массавӣ180
neutron number98
relative atomic mass
179,997916177 ± 0,000013306 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,1 ± 0,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1996
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

181Pb

Адади массавӣ181
neutron number99
relative atomic mass
180,9966606 ± 0,00009129 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
39 ± 0,8 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

182Pb

Адади массавӣ182
neutron number100
relative atomic mass
181,992673537 ± 0,000012975 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
55 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

183Pb

Адади массавӣ183
neutron number101
relative atomic mass
182,991862527 ± 0,00003111 Da
g-factor
-0,76933333333333 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
535 ± 30 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1980
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

184Pb

Адади массавӣ184
neutron number102
relative atomic mass
183,988135634 ± 0,000013743 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
490 ± 25 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)80%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

185Pb

Адади массавӣ185
neutron number103
relative atomic mass
184,98761 ± 0,000017364 Da
g-factor
-0,758 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,3 ± 0,4 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)66%
α (α emission)34%

186Pb

Адади массавӣ186
neutron number104
relative atomic mass
185,984239409 ± 0,000011813 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,82 ± 0,03 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)40%

187Pb

Адади массавӣ187
neutron number105
relative atomic mass
186,983910842 ± 0,000005468 Da
g-factor
-0,748 ± 0,002
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
15,2 ± 0,3 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)90.5%
α (α emission)9.5%

188Pb

Адади массавӣ188
neutron number106
relative atomic mass
187,980879079 ± 0,000010868 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25,1 ± 0,1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)91.5%
α (α emission)8.5%

189Pb

Адади массавӣ189
neutron number107
relative atomic mass
188,980843658 ± 0,000015096 Da
g-factor
-0,718 ± 0,006
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
39 ± 8 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.58%
α (α emission)0.42%

190Pb

Адади массавӣ190
neutron number108
relative atomic mass
189,978081872 ± 0,000013434 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
71 ± 1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.6%
α (α emission)0.4%

191Pb

Адади массавӣ191
neutron number109
relative atomic mass
190,978216455 ± 0,000007099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,33 ± 0,08 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.51%

192Pb

Адади массавӣ192
neutron number110
relative atomic mass
191,975789598 ± 0,000006147 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,5 ± 0,1 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0059%

193Pb

Адади массавӣ193
neutron number111
relative atomic mass
192,976135914 ± 0,000011044 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

194Pb

Адади массавӣ194
neutron number112
relative atomic mass
193,974011788 ± 0,000018717 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,7 ± 0,6 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)7.3%

195Pb

Адади массавӣ195
neutron number113
relative atomic mass
194,974516167 ± 0,000005461 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
15 ± 1,4 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

196Pb

Адади массавӣ196
neutron number114
relative atomic mass
195,972787552 ± 0,000008277 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
37 ± 3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3%

197Pb

Адади массавӣ197
neutron number115
relative atomic mass
196,973434737 ± 0,000005157 Da
g-factor
-0,71453333333333 ± 0,0015333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,1 ± 1,7 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,08 ± 0,17
таърихи кашф1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

198Pb

Адади массавӣ198
neutron number116
relative atomic mass
197,97201545 ± 0,000009393 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,4 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

199Pb

Адади массавӣ199
neutron number117
relative atomic mass
198,97291262 ± 0,000007322 Da
g-factor
-0,7138 ± 0,00093333333333333
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
90 ± 10 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,08 ± 0,09
таърихи кашф1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

200Pb

Адади массавӣ200
neutron number118
relative atomic mass
199,971818546 ± 0,000010744 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,5 ± 0,4 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

201Pb

Адади массавӣ201
neutron number119
relative atomic mass
200,972870431 ± 0,000014758 Da
g-factor
0,26924 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,33 ± 0,03 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,01 ± 0,04
таърихи кашф1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

202Pb

Адади массавӣ202
neutron number120
relative atomic mass
201,972151613 ± 0,000004075 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
52,5 ± 2,8 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

203Pb

Адади массавӣ203
neutron number121
relative atomic mass
202,973390617 ± 0,000007036 Da
g-factor
0,27364 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
51,924 ± 0,015 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1 ± 0,05
таърихи кашф1942
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

204Pb

Адади массавӣ204
neutron number122
relative atomic mass
203,973043506 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,4 ± 0,6
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1932
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

205Pb

Адади массавӣ205
neutron number123
relative atomic mass
204,974481682 ± 0,000001228 Da
g-factor
0,28376 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
17 ± 0,9 My
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,23 ± 0,04
таърихи кашф1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

206Pb

Адади массавӣ206
neutron number124
relative atomic mass
205,97446521 ± 0,000001228 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24,1 ± 3
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1927
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

207Pb

Адади массавӣ207
neutron number125
relative atomic mass
206,975896821 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
1,1812 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
22,1 ± 5
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1927
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

208Pb

Адади массавӣ208
neutron number126
relative atomic mass
207,976652005 ± 0,000001232 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
52,4 ± 7
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1927
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

209Pb

Адади массавӣ209
neutron number127
relative atomic mass
208,981089978 ± 0,000001875 Da
g-factor
-0,32635555555556 ± 0,00042222222222222
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,235 ± 0,005 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,27 ± 0,17
таърихи кашф1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

210Pb

Адади массавӣ210
neutron number128
relative atomic mass
209,984188381 ± 0,000001554 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
22,2 ± 0,22 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1900
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)1.9%

211Pb

Адади массавӣ211
neutron number129
relative atomic mass
210,988735288 ± 0,000002426 Da
g-factor
-0,31091111111111 ± 0,00026666666666667
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
36,1628 ± 0,0025 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,09 ± 0,06
таърихи кашф1904
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

212Pb

Адади массавӣ212
neutron number130
relative atomic mass
211,991895891 ± 0,000001975 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,627 ± 0,006 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1905
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

213Pb

Адади массавӣ213
neutron number131
relative atomic mass
212,996560796 ± 0,000007465 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
10,2 ± 0,3 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

214Pb

Адади массавӣ214
neutron number132
relative atomic mass
213,999803521 ± 0,000002114 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
27,06 ± 0,07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф1904
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

215Pb

Адади массавӣ215
neutron number133
relative atomic mass
215,004661591 ± 0,00005656 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
142 ± 11 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф1998
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

216Pb

Адади массавӣ216
neutron number134
relative atomic mass
216,008062 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,66 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

217Pb

Адади массавӣ217
neutron number135
relative atomic mass
217,013162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
19,9 ± 5,3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

218Pb

Адади массавӣ218
neutron number136
relative atomic mass
218,016779 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
14,8 ± 6,8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

219Pb

Адади массавӣ219
neutron number137
relative atomic mass
219,022136 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
таърихи кашф2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

220Pb

Адади массавӣ220
neutron number138
relative atomic mass
220,025905 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioactivity☢️ radioactive element
half-life
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
таърихи кашф2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Lead electrolytic and 1cm3 cube
Lead-2

таърих

кошифKnown to the ancients.
макони кашф
таърихи кашф
РешашиносӣAnglo-Saxon: lead; symbol from Latin: plumbum.
pronunciationLED (Англисӣ)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Уқёнус)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (human body)
0,00017 %
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,00014 %
natural abundance (Офтоб)
0,000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.5805
2p4.5234
2s21.57
3d13.4533
3p22.8505
3s23.8477
4d37.6804
4f38.0312
4p35.9664
4s35.1072
5d58.848
5p53.97
5s51.8685
6p69.607
6s67.9