Qoʻrgʻoshin

Qoʻrgʻoshin (Pb)

chemical element with symbol Pb and atomic number 82
Atomic Number82
Atomic Weight207.2
mass number208
Group14
Period6
Blockp
Proton82 p+
Neytron126 n0
Elektron82 e-
Animated Bohr model of Pb (Qoʻrgʻoshin)

Fizik Xossa

Atom Radiusi
180 pm
Molyar hajm
Kovalentlik Radiusi
144 pm
Metallic Radius
150 pm
Ion radiuslar
98 pm
Crystal Radius
112 pm
Van der Waals radius
202 pm
density
11,3 g/cm³
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Qoʻrgʻoshin0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtom RadiusiKovalentlik RadiusiMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energiya
proton affinity
electron affinity
0,35674316 eV/particle
ionization energy
7,4166796 eV/particle
ionization energy of Pb (Qoʻrgʻoshin)
Solishtirma qaynash issiqligi
177,8 kJ/mol
solishtirma erish issiqligi
4,77 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
195,2 kJ/mol
Elektron
Ion asboblar2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
Bohr model: Pb (Qoʻrgʻoshin)
valence electron4
Lewis structure: Pb (Qoʻrgʻoshin)
electron configuration[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 5s2 4d10 5p6 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
Enhanced Bohr model of Pb (Qoʻrgʻoshin)
Orbital Diagram of Pb (Qoʻrgʻoshin)
Oksidlanish darajasi-4, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4
Elektrmanfiylik
1.8
Electrophilicity Index
1,069876866442547 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
phase of matterSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
2 022,15 K
Melting Point
600,612 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Rang
Slate Gray
appearancemetallic gray
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
35,3 W/(m K)
Issiqlikdan kengayish
0,0000289 1/K
molar heat capacity
26,84 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
4,8 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,00000021 m Ω
superconductivity
7,2 K
Magnetizm
typediamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
-0,0000000015 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
-0,000000000311 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
-0,000017
magnetic ordering
Kyuri nuqtasi
Néel temperature
Tuzilma
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
Kristall panjara davri
4,95 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Qattiqlik
1,5 MPa
bulk modulus
46 GPa
shear modulus
5,6 GPa
Yung moduli
16 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,44
Tovush tezligi
1 260 m/s
klassifikatsiya
CategoryPost-transition metals, Poor metals
CAS GroupIVB
IUPAC GroupIVA
Glawe Number82
Mendeleev Number91
Pettifor Number82
Geochemical Class
Goldschmidt classificationchalcophile

other

Gas Basicity
polarizability
47 ± 3 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
0,171
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,00003
Atom kvant sonlari3P0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Lead

Stable Isotopes0
Unstable Isotopes43
Natural Isotopes4
Isotopic Composition20852.40%20852.40%20624.10%20624.10%20722.10%20722.10%2041.40%2041.40%

178Pb

mass number178
neutron number96
Nisbiy atom massa
178,003836171 ± 0,000024889 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
250 ± 80 us
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2001
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

179Pb

mass number179
neutron number97
Nisbiy atom massa
179,002202492 ± 0,000087203 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,7 ± 0,2 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

180Pb

mass number180
neutron number98
Nisbiy atom massa
179,997916177 ± 0,000013306 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
4,1 ± 0,3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1996
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%

181Pb

mass number181
neutron number99
Nisbiy atom massa
180,9966606 ± 0,00009129 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
39 ± 0,8 ms
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1989
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

182Pb

mass number182
neutron number100
Nisbiy atom massa
181,992673537 ± 0,000012975 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
55 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1986
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

183Pb

mass number183
neutron number101
Nisbiy atom massa
182,991862527 ± 0,00003111 Da
g-factor
-0,76933333333333 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
535 ± 30 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1980
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)100%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

184Pb

mass number184
neutron number102
Nisbiy atom massa
183,988135634 ± 0,000013743 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
490 ± 25 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)80%
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

185Pb

mass number185
neutron number103
Nisbiy atom massa
184,98761 ± 0,000017364 Da
g-factor
-0,758 ± 0,0033333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
6,3 ± 0,4 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1975
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)66%
α (α emission)34%

186Pb

mass number186
neutron number104
Nisbiy atom massa
185,984239409 ± 0,000011813 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
4,82 ± 0,03 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
α (α emission)40%

187Pb

mass number187
neutron number105
Nisbiy atom massa
186,983910842 ± 0,000005468 Da
g-factor
-0,748 ± 0,002
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
15,2 ± 0,3 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)90.5%
α (α emission)9.5%

188Pb

mass number188
neutron number106
Nisbiy atom massa
187,980879079 ± 0,000010868 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
25,1 ± 0,1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)91.5%
α (α emission)8.5%

189Pb

mass number189
neutron number107
Nisbiy atom massa
188,980843658 ± 0,000015096 Da
g-factor
-0,718 ± 0,006
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
39 ± 8 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1972
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.58%
α (α emission)0.42%

190Pb

mass number190
neutron number108
Nisbiy atom massa
189,978081872 ± 0,000013434 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
71 ± 1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1972
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)99.6%
α (α emission)0.4%

191Pb

mass number191
neutron number109
Nisbiy atom massa
190,978216455 ± 0,000007099 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
1,33 ± 0,08 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.51%

192Pb

mass number192
neutron number110
Nisbiy atom massa
191,975789598 ± 0,000006147 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
3,5 ± 0,1 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1974
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)0.0059%

193Pb

mass number193
neutron number111
Nisbiy atom massa
192,976135914 ± 0,000011044 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1974
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)

194Pb

mass number194
neutron number112
Nisbiy atom massa
193,974011788 ± 0,000018717 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
10,7 ± 0,6 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1960
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)7.3%

195Pb

mass number195
neutron number113
Nisbiy atom massa
194,974516167 ± 0,000005461 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
15 ± 1,4 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1957
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

196Pb

mass number196
neutron number114
Nisbiy atom massa
195,972787552 ± 0,000008277 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
37 ± 3 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1957
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
α (α emission)3%

197Pb

mass number197
neutron number115
Nisbiy atom massa
196,973434737 ± 0,000005157 Da
g-factor
-0,71453333333333 ± 0,0015333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
8,1 ± 1,7 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,08 ± 0,17
time of discovery or invention1955
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

198Pb

mass number198
neutron number116
Nisbiy atom massa
197,97201545 ± 0,000009393 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
2,4 ± 0,1 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

199Pb

mass number199
neutron number117
Nisbiy atom massa
198,97291262 ± 0,000007322 Da
g-factor
-0,7138 ± 0,00093333333333333
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
90 ± 10 m
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,08 ± 0,09
time of discovery or invention1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

200Pb

mass number200
neutron number118
Nisbiy atom massa
199,971818546 ± 0,000010744 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
21,5 ± 0,4 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

201Pb

mass number201
neutron number119
Nisbiy atom massa
200,972870431 ± 0,000014758 Da
g-factor
0,26924 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
9,33 ± 0,03 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,01 ± 0,04
time of discovery or invention1950
parity-

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

202Pb

mass number202
neutron number120
Nisbiy atom massa
201,972151613 ± 0,000004075 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
52,5 ± 2,8 ky
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

203Pb

mass number203
neutron number121
Nisbiy atom massa
202,973390617 ± 0,000007036 Da
g-factor
0,27364 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
51,924 ± 0,015 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,1 ± 0,05
time of discovery or invention1942
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

204Pb

mass number204
neutron number122
Nisbiy atom massa
203,973043506 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,4 ± 0,6
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1932
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

205Pb

mass number205
neutron number123
Nisbiy atom massa
204,974481682 ± 0,000001228 Da
g-factor
0,28376 ± 0,00024
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
17 ± 0,9 My
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,23 ± 0,04
time of discovery or invention1954
parity-

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

206Pb

mass number206
neutron number124
Nisbiy atom massa
205,97446521 ± 0,000001228 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
24,1 ± 3
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1927
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

207Pb

mass number207
neutron number125
Nisbiy atom massa
206,975896821 ± 0,000001231 Da
g-factor
1,1812 ± 0,0008
natural abundance
22,1 ± 5
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1927
parity-

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

208Pb

mass number208
neutron number126
Nisbiy atom massa
207,976652005 ± 0,000001232 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
52,4 ± 7
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1927
parity+

decay modeintensity
α (α emission)

209Pb

mass number209
neutron number127
Nisbiy atom massa
208,981089978 ± 0,000001875 Da
g-factor
-0,32635555555556 ± 0,00042222222222222
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
3,235 ± 0,005 h
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
-0,27 ± 0,17
time of discovery or invention1940
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

210Pb

mass number210
neutron number128
Nisbiy atom massa
209,984188381 ± 0,000001554 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
22,2 ± 0,22 y
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1900
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
α (α emission)1.9%

211Pb

mass number211
neutron number129
Nisbiy atom massa
210,988735288 ± 0,000002426 Da
g-factor
-0,31091111111111 ± 0,00026666666666667
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
36,1628 ± 0,0025 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,09 ± 0,06
time of discovery or invention1904
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

212Pb

mass number212
neutron number130
Nisbiy atom massa
211,991895891 ± 0,000001975 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
10,627 ± 0,006 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1905
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

213Pb

mass number213
neutron number131
Nisbiy atom massa
212,996560796 ± 0,000007465 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
10,2 ± 0,3 m
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1964
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

214Pb

mass number214
neutron number132
Nisbiy atom massa
213,999803521 ± 0,000002114 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
27,06 ± 0,07 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention1904
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

215Pb

mass number215
neutron number133
Nisbiy atom massa
215,004661591 ± 0,00005656 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
142 ± 11 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention1998
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

216Pb

mass number216
neutron number134
Nisbiy atom massa
216,008062 ± 0,000215 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
1,66 ± 0,2 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

217Pb

mass number217
neutron number135
Nisbiy atom massa
217,013162 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
19,9 ± 5,3 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

218Pb

mass number218
neutron number136
Nisbiy atom massa
218,016779 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
14,8 ± 6,8 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

219Pb

mass number219
neutron number137
Nisbiy atom massa
219,022136 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
time of discovery or invention2009
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)

220Pb

mass number220
neutron number138
Nisbiy atom massa
220,025905 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivlik☢️ Radioaktiv elementlar
Yarim yemirilish davri
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
time of discovery or invention2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
Lead electrolytic and 1cm3 cube
Lead-2

tarix

discoverer or inventorKnown to the ancients.
location of discovery
time of discovery or invention
EtimologiyaAnglo-Saxon: lead; symbol from Latin: plumbum.
pronunciationLED (inglizcha)

source

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
natural abundance (Okean)
0,00003 mg/L
natural abundance (Inson tanasi)
0,00017 %
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0,00014 %
natural abundance (Quyosh)
0,000001 %
Abundance in Universe
0,000001 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s1.5805
2p4.5234
2s21.57
3d13.4533
3p22.8505
3s23.8477
4d37.6804
4f38.0312
4p35.9664
4s35.1072
5d58.848
5p53.97
5s51.8685
6p69.607
6s67.9