Paladij[um]

Paladij[um] (Pd)

hemijski element sa simbolom Pd i atomskim brojem 46
Atomic Number46
Atomic Weight106.42
Maseni broj106
Group10
Period5
Blockd
Proton46 p+
Neutron60 n0
Elektron46 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Pd (Paladij[um])

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
140 pm
Molarni volumen
covalent radius
120 pm
Metallic Radius
128 pm
Ionski radijus
59 pm
Crystal Radius
73 pm
Van der Waalsov radijus
210 pm
gustoća
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Paladij[um]0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomski RadijusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waalsov radijus

Chemical Property

energija
proton affinity
696 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
8,33686 eV/particle
ionization energy of Pd (Paladij[um])
Toplota isparavanja
372,4 kJ/mol
toplota topljenja
17,24 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
376,6 kJ/mol
Elektron
electron shell2, 8, 18, 18
Bohrov model atoma: Pd (Paladij[um])
Valentni elektron10
Lewis structure: Pd (Paladij[um])
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Pd (Paladij[um])
Orbital Diagram of Pd (Paladij[um])
oksidacijsko stanje0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegativnost
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
1,273169376998428 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3.236,15 K
Melting Point
1.827,95 K
critical pressure
Kritična temperatura
Trojna tačka
appearance
boja
Silver
appearancesilvery white
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
71,8 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000118 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,98 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,246 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Specifična električna provodljivost
10 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000001 m Ω
Superprovodljivost
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000657 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000006992 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0007899
magnetic ordering
Kirijeva tačka
Néel temperature
struktura
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3,89 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
4,75 MPa
bulk modulus
180 GPa
shear modulus
44 GPa
Young's modulus
121 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,39
Brzina zvuka
3.070 m/s
klasifikacija
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number65
Mendeleev Number68
Pettifor Number69
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
673,4 kJ/mol
polarizability
26,14 ± 0,1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
6,9
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0023
Kvantni brojevi1S0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Palladium

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes6
Isotopic Composition10627.33%10627.33%10826.46%10826.46%10522.33%10522.33%10411.14%10411.14%11011.72%11011.72%1021.02%1021.02%

90Pd

Maseni broj90
broj neutrona44
relative atomic mass
89,95737 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2016
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
2p (2-proton emission)

91Pd

Maseni broj91
broj neutrona45
relative atomic mass
90,950435 ± 0,000454 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
32 ± 3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1995
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)3.1%

92Pd

Maseni broj92
broj neutrona46
relative atomic mass
91,941192225 ± 0,000370402 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,06 ± 0,03 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.6%

93Pd

Maseni broj93
broj neutrona47
relative atomic mass
92,936680426 ± 0,000397221 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,17 ± 0,02 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7.4%

94Pd

Maseni broj94
broj neutrona48
relative atomic mass
93,929036286 ± 0,000004602 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,1 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1982
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.13%

95Pd

Maseni broj95
broj neutrona49
relative atomic mass
94,924888506 ± 0,000003253 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,4 ± 0,4 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.23%

96Pd

Maseni broj96
broj neutrona50
relative atomic mass
95,918213739 ± 0,000004502 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
122 ± 2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1980
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

97Pd

Maseni broj97
broj neutrona51
relative atomic mass
96,916471985 ± 0,0000052 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,1 ± 0,09 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

98Pd

Maseni broj98
broj neutrona52
relative atomic mass
97,912698335 ± 0,00000509 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
17,7 ± 0,4 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1955
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

99Pd

Maseni broj99
broj neutrona53
relative atomic mass
98,911773073 ± 0,000005482 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
21,4 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1955
parity

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

100Pd

Maseni broj100
broj neutrona54
relative atomic mass
99,908520438 ± 0,000018934 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,63 ± 0,09 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

101Pd

Maseni broj101
broj neutrona55
relative atomic mass
100,908284824 ± 0,000004925 Da
g-factor
0,264 ± 0,008
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,47 ± 0,06 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1948
parity+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

102Pd

Maseni broj102
broj neutrona56
relative atomic mass
101,905632292 ± 0,000000449 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,02 ± 0,01
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

103Pd

Maseni broj103
broj neutrona57
relative atomic mass
102,906111074 ± 0,000000942 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
16,991 ± 0,019 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1950
parity+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

104Pd

Maseni broj104
broj neutrona58
relative atomic mass
103,904030393 ± 0,000001434 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
11,14 ± 0,08
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1935
parity+

105Pd

Maseni broj105
broj neutrona59
relative atomic mass
104,905079479 ± 0,000001222 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
22,33 ± 0,08
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,66 ± 0,011
datum otkrića1935
parity+

106Pd

Maseni broj106
broj neutrona60
relative atomic mass
105,903480287 ± 0,000001186 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
27,33 ± 0,03
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1935
parity+

107Pd

Maseni broj107
broj neutrona61
relative atomic mass
106,905128058 ± 0,000001289 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,5 ± 0,3 My
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

108Pd

Maseni broj108
broj neutrona62
relative atomic mass
107,903891806 ± 0,000001189 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,46 ± 0,09
Radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1935
parity+

109Pd

Maseni broj109
broj neutrona63
relative atomic mass
108,905950576 ± 0,000001195 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
13,59 ± 0,12 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

110Pd

Maseni broj110
broj neutrona64
relative atomic mass
109,905172878 ± 0,000000657 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
11,72 ± 0,09
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1935
parity+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

111Pd

Maseni broj111
broj neutrona65
relative atomic mass
110,907690358 ± 0,000000785 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
23,56 ± 0,09 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1937
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

112Pd

Maseni broj112
broj neutrona66
relative atomic mass
111,907330557 ± 0,000007027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
21,04 ± 0,17 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1951
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

113Pd

Maseni broj113
broj neutrona67
relative atomic mass
112,910261912 ± 0,000007458 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
93 ± 5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1954
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

114Pd

Maseni broj114
broj neutrona68
relative atomic mass
113,91036943 ± 0,000007459 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,42 ± 0,06 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1958
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

115Pd

Maseni broj115
broj neutrona69
relative atomic mass
114,913659333 ± 0,000014543 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
25 ± 2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1958
parity

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

116Pd

Maseni broj116
broj neutrona70
relative atomic mass
115,914297872 ± 0,000007659 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
11,8 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1970
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

117Pd

Maseni broj117
broj neutrona71
relative atomic mass
116,917955584 ± 0,000007788 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,3 ± 0,3 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1968
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

118Pd

Maseni broj118
broj neutrona72
relative atomic mass
117,919067273 ± 0,000002677 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,9 ± 0,1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1969
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

119Pd

Maseni broj119
broj neutrona73
relative atomic mass
118,923341138 ± 0,000008854 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
920 ± 80 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1991
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

120Pd

Maseni broj120
broj neutrona74
relative atomic mass
119,924551745 ± 0,000002464 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
492 ± 33 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1993
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.7%

121Pd

Maseni broj121
broj neutrona75
relative atomic mass
120,928950342 ± 0,0000036 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
290 ± 1 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.8%

122Pd

Maseni broj122
broj neutrona76
relative atomic mass
121,930631693 ± 0,000021 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
193 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.5%

123Pd

Maseni broj123
broj neutrona77
relative atomic mass
122,935126 ± 0,0008475 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
108 ± 1 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića1994
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10%

124Pd

Maseni broj124
broj neutrona78
relative atomic mass
123,937305 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
88 ± 15 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića1997
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)17%

125Pd

Maseni broj125
broj neutrona79
relative atomic mass
124,942072 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
60 ± 6 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2008
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12%

126Pd

Maseni broj126
broj neutrona80
relative atomic mass
125,944401 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
48,6 ± 0,8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2008
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)22%

127Pd

Maseni broj127
broj neutrona81
relative atomic mass
126,949307 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
38 ± 2 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2010
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)19%
2n (2-neutron emission)

128Pd

Maseni broj128
broj neutrona82
relative atomic mass
127,952345 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
35 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2010
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

129Pd

Maseni broj129
broj neutrona83
relative atomic mass
128,959334 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
31 ± 7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2015
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

130Pd

Maseni broj130
broj neutrona84
relative atomic mass
129,964863 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
datum otkrića2018
parity+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

131Pd

Maseni broj131
broj neutrona85
relative atomic mass
130,972367 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
datum otkrića2018
parity-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Palladium 1-noReflection

historija

otkrivač ili izumiteljWilliam Wollaston
mjesto otkrićaEngland
datum otkrića1803
EtimologijaNamed after the asteroid, Pallas, discovered in 1803.
pronunciationpeh-LAY-di-em (engleski)

izvor

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,015 mg/kg
natural abundance (okean)
natural abundance (ljudsko tijelo)
natural abundance (Meteoroidi)
0,000066 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0000003 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9411
2p4.07
2s12.1172
3d14.5489
3p16.9804
3s16.7788
4d32.3824
4p28.2768
4s27.014