Paladij

Paladij (Pd)

chemical element with symbol Pd and atomic number 46
Atomski broj46
Relativna atomska masa106.42
Maseni broj106
Skupina10
Perioda5
Blokd
proton46 p+
neutron60 n0
elektron46 e-
Animated Bohrov model atoma of Pd (Paladij)

Physical Property

Atomski Radijus
140 pm
Molni volumen
Kovalentni Radijus
120 pm
Metallic Radius
128 pm
Ionski radijus
59 pm
Crystal Radius
73 pm
Van der Waals radius
210 pm
gustoća
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Paladij0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmAtomski RadijusKovalentni RadijusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Kemijsko Svojstvo

energija
proton affinity
696 kJ/mol
Elektronski afinitet
ionization energy
8,33686 eV/particle
ionization energy of Pd (Paladij)
Toplina isparivanja
372,4 kJ/mol
toplina taljenja
17,24 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
376,6 kJ/mol
elektron
Elektronska ljuska2, 8, 18, 18
Bohrov model atoma: Pd (Paladij)
valence electron10
Lewis structure: Pd (Paladij)
electron configuration[Kr] 4d10
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10
Enhanced Bohrov model atoma of Pd (Paladij)
Orbital Diagram of Pd (Paladij)
Oksidacijski broj0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegativnost
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
1,273169376998428 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
agregatno stanjeČvrsto
gaseous state of matter
Vrelište
3.236,15 K
Talište
1.827,95 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
Trojna točka
appearance
boja
Srebrna
appearancesilvery white
Indeks prelamanja
thermodynamic material property
Toplinska vodljivost
71,8 W/(m K)
Toplinsko istezanje
0,0000118 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,98 J/(mol K)
Specifični toplinski kapacitet
0,246 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
10 MS/m
Električna otpornost i provodnost
0,0000001 m Ω
Supravodljivost
Magnetizam
typeparamagnetic
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Mass)
0,0000000657 m³/Kg
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Molar)
0,000000006992 m³/mol
Magnetna susceptibilnost (Volume)
0,0007899
magnetic ordering
Curieva temperatura
Néel temperature
struktura
Kristalna strukturaKubna plošno centrirana (FCC)
lattice constant
3,89 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
Tvrdoća
4,75 MPa
bulk modulus
180 GPa
shear modulus
44 GPa
Youngov modul elastičnosti
121 GPa
Poissonov omjer
0,39
brzina zvuka
3.070 m/s
classification
KategorijaPrijelazni metali, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number65
Mendeleev Number68
Pettifor Number69
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
673,4 kJ/mol
polarizability
26,14 ± 0,1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Nuklearni udarni presjek
6,9
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0023
Kvantni brojevi1S0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Palladium

Stabilni izotopi4
Nestabilni izotopi38
Natural Isotopes6
Isotopic Composition10627.33%10627.33%10826.46%10826.46%10522.33%10522.33%10411.14%10411.14%11011.72%11011.72%1021.02%1021.02%

90Pd

Maseni broj90
neutron number44
Relativna atomska masa
89,95737 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2016
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
2p (2-proton emission)

91Pd

Maseni broj91
neutron number45
Relativna atomska masa
90,950435 ± 0,000454 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
32 ± 3 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1995
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)3.1%

92Pd

Maseni broj92
neutron number46
Relativna atomska masa
91,941192225 ± 0,000370402 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,06 ± 0,03 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.6%

93Pd

Maseni broj93
neutron number47
Relativna atomska masa
92,936680426 ± 0,000397221 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,17 ± 0,02 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7.4%

94Pd

Maseni broj94
neutron number48
Relativna atomska masa
93,929036286 ± 0,000004602 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
9,1 ± 0,3 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1982
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.13%

95Pd

Maseni broj95
neutron number49
Relativna atomska masa
94,924888506 ± 0,000003253 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
7,4 ± 0,4 s
spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1980
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.23%

96Pd

Maseni broj96
neutron number50
Relativna atomska masa
95,918213739 ± 0,000004502 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
122 ± 2 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1980
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

97Pd

Maseni broj97
neutron number51
Relativna atomska masa
96,916471985 ± 0,0000052 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,1 ± 0,09 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1969
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

98Pd

Maseni broj98
neutron number52
Relativna atomska masa
97,912698335 ± 0,00000509 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
17,7 ± 0,4 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1955
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

99Pd

Maseni broj99
neutron number53
Relativna atomska masa
98,911773073 ± 0,000005482 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
21,4 ± 0,2 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1955
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

100Pd

Maseni broj100
neutron number54
Relativna atomska masa
99,908520438 ± 0,000018934 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
3,63 ± 0,09 d
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

101Pd

Maseni broj101
neutron number55
Relativna atomska masa
100,908284824 ± 0,000004925 Da
g-factor
0,264 ± 0,008
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
8,47 ± 0,06 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1948
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

102Pd

Maseni broj102
neutron number56
Relativna atomska masa
101,905632292 ± 0,000000449 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,02 ± 0,01
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1935
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
+ (double β+ decay)

103Pd

Maseni broj103
neutron number57
Relativna atomska masa
102,906111074 ± 0,000000942 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
16,991 ± 0,019 d
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1950
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
ϵ (electron capture)100%

104Pd

Maseni broj104
neutron number58
Relativna atomska masa
103,904030393 ± 0,000001434 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
11,14 ± 0,08
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1935
Parnost+

105Pd

Maseni broj105
neutron number59
Relativna atomska masa
104,905079479 ± 0,000001222 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
22,33 ± 0,08
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,66 ± 0,011
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1935
Parnost+

106Pd

Maseni broj106
neutron number60
Relativna atomska masa
105,903480287 ± 0,000001186 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
27,33 ± 0,03
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1935
Parnost+

107Pd

Maseni broj107
neutron number61
Relativna atomska masa
106,905128058 ± 0,000001289 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
6,5 ± 0,3 My
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1958
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

108Pd

Maseni broj108
neutron number62
Relativna atomska masa
107,903891806 ± 0,000001189 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,46 ± 0,09
radioaktivnoststable isotope
Vrijeme poluraspadaNot Radioactive ☢️
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1935
Parnost+

109Pd

Maseni broj109
neutron number63
Relativna atomska masa
108,905950576 ± 0,000001195 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
13,59 ± 0,12 h
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1937
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

110Pd

Maseni broj110
neutron number64
Relativna atomska masa
109,905172878 ± 0,000000657 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
11,72 ± 0,09
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1935
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
(double β decay)

111Pd

Maseni broj111
neutron number65
Relativna atomska masa
110,907690358 ± 0,000000785 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
23,56 ± 0,09 m
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1937
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

112Pd

Maseni broj112
neutron number66
Relativna atomska masa
111,907330557 ± 0,000007027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
21,04 ± 0,17 h
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1951
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

113Pd

Maseni broj113
neutron number67
Relativna atomska masa
112,910261912 ± 0,000007458 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
93 ± 5 s
spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1954
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

114Pd

Maseni broj114
neutron number68
Relativna atomska masa
113,91036943 ± 0,000007459 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
2,42 ± 0,06 m
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1958
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

115Pd

Maseni broj115
neutron number69
Relativna atomska masa
114,913659333 ± 0,000014543 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
25 ± 2 s
spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1958
Parnost

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

116Pd

Maseni broj116
neutron number70
Relativna atomska masa
115,914297872 ± 0,000007659 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
11,8 ± 0,4 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1970
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

117Pd

Maseni broj117
neutron number71
Relativna atomska masa
116,917955584 ± 0,000007788 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
4,3 ± 0,3 s
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1968
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

118Pd

Maseni broj118
neutron number72
Relativna atomska masa
117,919067273 ± 0,000002677 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
1,9 ± 0,1 s
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1969
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%

119Pd

Maseni broj119
neutron number73
Relativna atomska masa
118,923341138 ± 0,000008854 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
920 ± 80 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1991
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

120Pd

Maseni broj120
neutron number74
Relativna atomska masa
119,924551745 ± 0,000002464 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
492 ± 33 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1993
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.7%

121Pd

Maseni broj121
neutron number75
Relativna atomska masa
120,928950342 ± 0,0000036 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
290 ± 1 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.8%

122Pd

Maseni broj122
neutron number76
Relativna atomska masa
121,930631693 ± 0,000021 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
193 ± 5 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.5%

123Pd

Maseni broj123
neutron number77
Relativna atomska masa
122,935126 ± 0,0008475 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
108 ± 1 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1994
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10%

124Pd

Maseni broj124
neutron number78
Relativna atomska masa
123,937305 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
88 ± 15 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1997
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)17%

125Pd

Maseni broj125
neutron number79
Relativna atomska masa
124,942072 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
60 ± 6 ms
spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2008
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12%

126Pd

Maseni broj126
neutron number80
Relativna atomska masa
125,944401 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
48,6 ± 0,8 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2008
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)22%

127Pd

Maseni broj127
neutron number81
Relativna atomska masa
126,949307 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
38 ± 2 ms
spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)19%
2n (2-neutron emission)

128Pd

Maseni broj128
neutron number82
Relativna atomska masa
127,952345 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
35 ± 3 ms
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2010
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

129Pd

Maseni broj129
neutron number83
Relativna atomska masa
128,959334 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
31 ± 7 ms
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2015
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

130Pd

Maseni broj130
neutron number84
Relativna atomska masa
129,964863 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2018
Parnost+

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

131Pd

Maseni broj131
neutron number85
Relativna atomska masa
130,972367 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
radioaktivnost☢️ radioactive element
Vrijeme poluraspada
spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma2018
Parnost-

decay modeintensity
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Palladium 1-noReflection

povijest

otkrio/izumioWilliam Wollaston
location of discoveryEngland
vrijeme otkrića ili izuma1803
EtimologijaNamed after the asteroid, Pallas, discovered in 1803.
pronunciationpeh-LAY-di-em (engleski)

source

Obilnost
Zastupljenost u Zemljinoj kori
0,015 mg/kg
natural abundance (ocean)
natural abundance (tijelo)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000066 %
natural abundance (Sunce)
0,0000003 %
Zastupljenost u svemiru
0,0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9411
2p4.07
2s12.1172
3d14.5489
3p16.9804
3s16.7788
4d32.3824
4p28.2768
4s27.014