Paladium

Paladium (Pd)

Unsur kimia logam dengan nombor atom 46
Atomic Number46
Atomic Weight106.42
Nombor jisim106
Group10
Period5
Blockd
proton46 p+
neutron60 n0
Elektron46 e-
Animated Model Bohr of Pd (Paladium)

Sifat Fizikal

Jejari Atom
140 pm
molar volume
Jejari kovalen
120 pm
Metallic Radius
128 pm
ionic radius
59 pm
Crystal Radius
73 pm
Jejari van der Waals
210 pm
ketumpatan
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Paladium0102030405060708090100110120130140150160170180190200210pmJejari AtomJejari KovalenMetallic RadiusJejari van der Waals

Sifat Kimia

tenaga
proton affinity
696 kJ/mol
Pertalian elektron
ionization energy
8.33686 eV/particle
ionization energy of Pd (Paladium)
Entalpi pengewapan
372.4 kJ/mol
entalpi pelakuran
17.24 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
376.6 kJ/mol
Elektron
Petala elektron2, 8, 18, 18
Model Bohr: Pd (Paladium)
Elektron valens10
Teori ion Lewis: Pd (Paladium)
tatarajah elektron[Kr] 4d10
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10
Enhanced Model Bohr of Pd (Paladium)
Orbital Diagram of Pd (Paladium)
Keadaan pengoksidaan0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Keelektronegatifan
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
1.273169376998428 eV/particle
keadaan jirim asas
fasa jirimSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3,236.15 K
Melting Point
1,827.95 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
rupa
warna
Silver
rupasilvery white
indeks biasan
sifat bahan
Thermal Conductivity
71.8 W/(m K)
Pengembangan terma
0.0000118 1/K
molar heat capacity
25.98 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0.246 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
Kekonduksian elektrik
10 MS/m
Kerintangan dan kekonduksian elektrik
0.0000001 m Ω
Kesuperkonduksian
kemagnetan
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0.0000000657 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0.000000006992 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0.0007899
magnetic ordering
Suhu Curie
Néel temperature
struktur
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3.89 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
4.75 MPa
Modulus pukal
180 GPa
shear modulus
44 GPa
Young's modulus
121 GPa
Nisbah Poisson
0.39
Kelajuan bunyi
3,070 m/s
pengelasan
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number65
Mendeleev Number68
Pettifor Number69
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
673.4 kJ/mol
polarizability
26.14 ± 0.1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
6.9
Neutron Mass Absorption
0.0023
Nombor kuantum1S0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Palladium

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes6
Isotopic Composition10627.33%10627.33%10826.46%10826.46%10522.33%10522.33%10411.14%10411.14%11011.72%11011.72%1021.02%1021.02%

90Pd

Nombor jisim90
nombor neutron44
jisim atom relatif
89.95737 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2016
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
2p (2-proton emission)

91Pd

Nombor jisim91
nombor neutron45
jisim atom relatif
90.950435 ± 0.000454 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
32 ± 3 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1995
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)3.1%

92Pd

Nombor jisim92
nombor neutron46
jisim atom relatif
91.941192225 ± 0.000370402 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.06 ± 0.03 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.6%

93Pd

Nombor jisim93
nombor neutron47
jisim atom relatif
92.936680426 ± 0.000397221 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.17 ± 0.02 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7.4%

94Pd

Nombor jisim94
nombor neutron48
jisim atom relatif
93.929036286 ± 0.000004602 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
9.1 ± 0.3 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1982
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.13%

95Pd

Nombor jisim95
nombor neutron49
jisim atom relatif
94.924888506 ± 0.000003253 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
7.4 ± 0.4 s
Spin9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1980
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.23%

96Pd

Nombor jisim96
nombor neutron50
jisim atom relatif
95.918213739 ± 0.000004502 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
122 ± 2 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1980
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

97Pd

Nombor jisim97
nombor neutron51
jisim atom relatif
96.916471985 ± 0.0000052 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.1 ± 0.09 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1969
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

98Pd

Nombor jisim98
nombor neutron52
jisim atom relatif
97.912698335 ± 0.00000509 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
17.7 ± 0.4 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1955
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

99Pd

Nombor jisim99
nombor neutron53
jisim atom relatif
98.911773073 ± 0.000005482 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
21.4 ± 0.2 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1955
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

100Pd

Nombor jisim100
nombor neutron54
jisim atom relatif
99.908520438 ± 0.000018934 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
3.63 ± 0.09 d
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1948
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%

101Pd

Nombor jisim101
nombor neutron55
jisim atom relatif
100.908284824 ± 0.000004925 Da
g-factor
0.264 ± 0.008
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
8.47 ± 0.06 h
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1948
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

102Pd

Nombor jisim102
nombor neutron56
jisim atom relatif
101.905632292 ± 0.000000449 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1.02 ± 0.01
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1935
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
+ (double β+ decay)

103Pd

Nombor jisim103
nombor neutron57
jisim atom relatif
102.906111074 ± 0.000000942 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
16.991 ± 0.019 d
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1950
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
ϵ (electron capture)100%

104Pd

Nombor jisim104
nombor neutron58
jisim atom relatif
103.904030393 ± 0.000001434 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
11.14 ± 0.08
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1935
parity+

105Pd

Nombor jisim105
nombor neutron59
jisim atom relatif
104.905079479 ± 0.000001222 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
22.33 ± 0.08
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0.66 ± 0.011
tarikh penemuan1935
parity+

106Pd

Nombor jisim106
nombor neutron60
jisim atom relatif
105.903480287 ± 0.000001186 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
27.33 ± 0.03
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1935
parity+

107Pd

Nombor jisim107
nombor neutron61
jisim atom relatif
106.905128058 ± 0.000001289 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
6.5 ± 0.3 My
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1958
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

108Pd

Nombor jisim108
nombor neutron62
jisim atom relatif
107.903891806 ± 0.000001189 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26.46 ± 0.09
Reputan radioaktifIsotop stabil
setengah hayatNot Radioactive ☢️
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1935
parity+

109Pd

Nombor jisim109
nombor neutron63
jisim atom relatif
108.905950576 ± 0.000001195 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
13.59 ± 0.12 h
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1937
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

110Pd

Nombor jisim110
nombor neutron64
jisim atom relatif
109.905172878 ± 0.000000657 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
11.72 ± 0.09
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1935
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
(double β decay)

111Pd

Nombor jisim111
nombor neutron65
jisim atom relatif
110.907690358 ± 0.000000785 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
23.56 ± 0.09 m
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1937
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

112Pd

Nombor jisim112
nombor neutron66
jisim atom relatif
111.907330557 ± 0.000007027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
21.04 ± 0.17 h
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1951
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

113Pd

Nombor jisim113
nombor neutron67
jisim atom relatif
112.910261912 ± 0.000007458 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
93 ± 5 s
Spin5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1954
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

114Pd

Nombor jisim114
nombor neutron68
jisim atom relatif
113.91036943 ± 0.000007459 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
2.42 ± 0.06 m
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1958
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

115Pd

Nombor jisim115
nombor neutron69
jisim atom relatif
114.913659333 ± 0.000014543 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
25 ± 2 s
Spin1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1958
parity

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

116Pd

Nombor jisim116
nombor neutron70
jisim atom relatif
115.914297872 ± 0.000007659 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
11.8 ± 0.4 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1970
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

117Pd

Nombor jisim117
nombor neutron71
jisim atom relatif
116.917955584 ± 0.000007788 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
4.3 ± 0.3 s
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1968
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

118Pd

Nombor jisim118
nombor neutron72
jisim atom relatif
117.919067273 ± 0.000002677 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
1.9 ± 0.1 s
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1969
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%

119Pd

Nombor jisim119
nombor neutron73
jisim atom relatif
118.923341138 ± 0.000008854 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
920 ± 80 ms
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1991
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

120Pd

Nombor jisim120
nombor neutron74
jisim atom relatif
119.924551745 ± 0.000002464 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
492 ± 33 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1993
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.7%

121Pd

Nombor jisim121
nombor neutron75
jisim atom relatif
120.928950342 ± 0.0000036 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
290 ± 1 ms
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.8%

122Pd

Nombor jisim122
nombor neutron76
jisim atom relatif
121.930631693 ± 0.000021 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
193 ± 5 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.5%

123Pd

Nombor jisim123
nombor neutron77
jisim atom relatif
122.935126 ± 0.0008475 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
108 ± 1 ms
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan1994
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10%

124Pd

Nombor jisim124
nombor neutron78
jisim atom relatif
123.937305 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
88 ± 15 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan1997
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)17%

125Pd

Nombor jisim125
nombor neutron79
jisim atom relatif
124.942072 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
60 ± 6 ms
Spin3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2008
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12%

126Pd

Nombor jisim126
nombor neutron80
jisim atom relatif
125.944401 ± 0.000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
48.6 ± 0.8 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2008
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)22%

127Pd

Nombor jisim127
nombor neutron81
jisim atom relatif
126.949307 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
38 ± 2 ms
Spin11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2010
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)19%
2n (2-neutron emission)

128Pd

Nombor jisim128
nombor neutron82
jisim atom relatif
127.952345 ± 0.000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
35 ± 3 ms
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2010
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

129Pd

Nombor jisim129
nombor neutron83
jisim atom relatif
128.959334 ± 0.000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
31 ± 7 ms
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2015
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

130Pd

Nombor jisim130
nombor neutron84
jisim atom relatif
129.964863 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
tarikh penemuan2018
parity+

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

131Pd

Nombor jisim131
nombor neutron85
jisim atom relatif
130.972367 ± 0.000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Reputan radioaktif☢️ radioactive element
setengah hayat
Spin7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
tarikh penemuan2018
parity-

decay modeKeamatan (fizik)
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Palladium 1-noReflection

sejarah

penemu atau perekaWilliam Wollaston
tempat penemuanEngland
tarikh penemuan1803
EtimologiNamed after the asteroid, Pallas, discovered in 1803.
sebutanpeh-LAY-di-em (Inggeris)

sumber

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0.015 mg/kg
natural abundance (lautan)
natural abundance (Tubuh manusia)
natural abundance (Meteoroid)
0.000066 %
natural abundance (Matahari)
0.0000003 %
Abundance in Universe
0.0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9411
2p4.07
2s12.1172
3d14.5489
3p16.9804
3s16.7788
4d32.3824
4p28.2768
4s27.014