Palad, ²Palladiumi

Palad, ²Palladiumi (Pd)

chemical element with symbol Pd and atomic number 46
Atomic Number46
Atomic Weight106.42
Numri i masës106
Group10
Period5
Blockd
protoni46 p+
neutroni60 n0
elektroni46 e-
Animated Bohr model of Pd (Palad, ²Palladiumi)

Tipar Fizik

Atomic Radius
140 pm
molar volume
covalent radius
120 pm
Metallic Radius
128 pm
ionic radius
59 pm
Crystal Radius
73 pm
Van der Waals radius
210 pm
density
Atomic Radii Of The Elements: Palad, ²Palladiumi0153045607590105120135150165180195210pmAtomic RadiusCovalent RadiusMetallic RadiusVan der Waals radius

Chemical Property

energjia
proton affinity
696 kJ/mol
electron affinity
ionization energy
8,33686 eV/particle
ionization energy of Pd (Palad, ²Palladiumi)
enthalpy of vaporization
372,4 kJ/mol
enthalpy of fusion
17,24 kJ/mol
standard enthalpy of formation
376,6 kJ/mol
elektroni
electron shell2, 8, 18, 18
Bohr model: Pd (Palad, ²Palladiumi)
valence electron10
Lewis structure: Pd (Palad, ²Palladiumi)
konfigurimi i elektronit[Kr] 4d10
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s2 3d10 4p6 4d10
Enhanced Bohr model of Pd (Palad, ²Palladiumi)
Orbital Diagram of Pd (Palad, ²Palladiumi)
oxidation number0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Elektronegativiteti
2.2
Electrophilicity Index
1,273169376998428 eV/particle
fundamental state of matter
gjendja agregate e materiesSolid
gaseous state of matter
Boiling Point
3 236,15 K
Melting Point
1 827,95 K
critical pressure
critical temperature
triple point
appearance
Ngjyra
Silver
appearancesilvery white
refractive index
thermodynamic material property
Thermal Conductivity
71,8 W/(m K)
thermal expansion
0,0000118 1/K
molar heat capacity
25,98 J/(mol K)
Specific Heat Capacity
0,246 J/(g⋅K)
heat capacity ratio
electrical properties
typeConductor
electrical conductivity
10 MS/m
electrical resistivity
0,0000001 m Ω
Superpërcjellshmëria
Magnetizimi
typeparamagnetic
magnetic susceptibility (Mass)
0,0000000657 m³/Kg
magnetic susceptibility (Molar)
0,000000006992 m³/mol
magnetic susceptibility (Volume)
0,0007899
magnetic ordering
Curie temperature
Néel temperature
strukturë
Crystal StructureFace Centered Cubic (FCC)
lattice constant
3,89 Å
Lattice Anglesπ/2, π/2, π/2
mechanical property
hardness
4,75 MPa
bulk modulus
180 GPa
shear modulus
44 GPa
Young's modulus
121 GPa
Poisson's ratio
0,39
Shpejtësia e zërit
3 070 m/s
klasifikim
CategoryTransition metals, Transition metals
CAS GroupVIIIA
IUPAC GroupVIII
Glawe Number65
Mendeleev Number68
Pettifor Number69
Geochemical Classnoble metal
Goldschmidt classificationsiderophile

other

Gas Basicity
673,4 kJ/mol
polarizability
26,14 ± 0,1 a₀
C6 Dispersion Coefficient
allotrope
Neutron cross section
6,9
Neutron Mass Absorption
0,0023
numër kuantik1S0
space group225 (Fm_3m)

Isotopes of Palladium

Stable Isotopes4
Unstable Isotopes38
Natural Isotopes6
Isotopic Composition10627.33%10627.33%10826.46%10826.46%10522.33%10522.33%10411.14%10411.14%11011.72%11011.72%1021.02%1021.02%

90Pd

Numri i masës90
numri i neutroneve44
relative atomic mass
89,95737 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2016
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)
2p (2-proton emission)

91Pd

Numri i masës91
numri i neutroneve45
relative atomic mass
90,950435 ± 0,000454 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
32 ± 3 ms
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1995
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)3.1%

92Pd

Numri i masës92
numri i neutroneve46
relative atomic mass
91,941192225 ± 0,000370402 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,06 ± 0,03 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)1.6%

93Pd

Numri i masës93
numri i neutroneve47
relative atomic mass
92,936680426 ± 0,000397221 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,17 ± 0,02 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)7.4%

94Pd

Numri i masës94
numri i neutroneve48
relative atomic mass
93,929036286 ± 0,000004602 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
9,1 ± 0,3 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1982
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.13%

95Pd

Numri i masës95
numri i neutroneve49
relative atomic mass
94,924888506 ± 0,000003253 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
7,4 ± 0,4 s
Spini9/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1980
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%
β+ p (β+-delayed proton emission)0.23%

96Pd

Numri i masës96
numri i neutroneve50
relative atomic mass
95,918213739 ± 0,000004502 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
122 ± 2 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1980
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

97Pd

Numri i masës97
numri i neutroneve51
relative atomic mass
96,916471985 ± 0,0000052 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,1 ± 0,09 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1969
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

98Pd

Numri i masës98
numri i neutroneve52
relative atomic mass
97,912698335 ± 0,00000509 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
17,7 ± 0,4 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1955
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

99Pd

Numri i masës99
numri i neutroneve53
relative atomic mass
98,911773073 ± 0,000005482 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,4 ± 0,2 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1955
parity

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

100Pd

Numri i masës100
numri i neutroneve54
relative atomic mass
99,908520438 ± 0,000018934 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
3,63 ± 0,09 d
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity+

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

101Pd

Numri i masës101
numri i neutroneve55
relative atomic mass
100,908284824 ± 0,000004925 Da
g-factor
0,264 ± 0,008
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
8,47 ± 0,06 h
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1948
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β+ (β+ decay; β+ = ϵ + e+)100%

102Pd

Numri i masës102
numri i neutroneve56
relative atomic mass
101,905632292 ± 0,000000449 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
1,02 ± 0,01
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1935
parity+

decay modeintensitet
+ (double β+ decay)

103Pd

Numri i masës103
numri i neutroneve57
relative atomic mass
102,906111074 ± 0,000000942 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
16,991 ± 0,019 d
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1950
parity+

decay modeintensitet
ϵ (electron capture)100%

104Pd

Numri i masës104
numri i neutroneve58
relative atomic mass
103,904030393 ± 0,000001434 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
11,14 ± 0,08
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1935
parity+

105Pd

Numri i masës105
numri i neutroneve59
relative atomic mass
104,905079479 ± 0,000001222 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
22,33 ± 0,08
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0,66 ± 0,011
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1935
parity+

106Pd

Numri i masës106
numri i neutroneve60
relative atomic mass
105,903480287 ± 0,000001186 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
27,33 ± 0,03
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1935
parity+

107Pd

Numri i masës107
numri i neutroneve61
relative atomic mass
106,905128058 ± 0,000001289 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
6,5 ± 0,3 My
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1958
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

108Pd

Numri i masës108
numri i neutroneve62
relative atomic mass
107,903891806 ± 0,000001189 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
26,46 ± 0,09
Radioaktivitetstable isotope
half-lifeNot Radioactive ☢️
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1935
parity+

109Pd

Numri i masës109
numri i neutroneve63
relative atomic mass
108,905950576 ± 0,000001195 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
13,59 ± 0,12 h
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1937
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

110Pd

Numri i masës110
numri i neutroneve64
relative atomic mass
109,905172878 ± 0,000000657 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
11,72 ± 0,09
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1935
parity+

decay modeintensitet
(double β decay)

111Pd

Numri i masës111
numri i neutroneve65
relative atomic mass
110,907690358 ± 0,000000785 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
23,56 ± 0,09 m
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1937
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

112Pd

Numri i masës112
numri i neutroneve66
relative atomic mass
111,907330557 ± 0,000007027 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
21,04 ± 0,17 h
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1951
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

113Pd

Numri i masës113
numri i neutroneve67
relative atomic mass
112,910261912 ± 0,000007458 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
93 ± 5 s
Spini5/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1954
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

114Pd

Numri i masës114
numri i neutroneve68
relative atomic mass
113,91036943 ± 0,000007459 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
2,42 ± 0,06 m
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1958
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

115Pd

Numri i masës115
numri i neutroneve69
relative atomic mass
114,913659333 ± 0,000014543 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
25 ± 2 s
Spini1/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1958
parity

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

116Pd

Numri i masës116
numri i neutroneve70
relative atomic mass
115,914297872 ± 0,000007659 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
11,8 ± 0,4 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1970
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

117Pd

Numri i masës117
numri i neutroneve71
relative atomic mass
116,917955584 ± 0,000007788 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
4,3 ± 0,3 s
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1968
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

118Pd

Numri i masës118
numri i neutroneve72
relative atomic mass
117,919067273 ± 0,000002677 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
1,9 ± 0,1 s
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1969
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%

119Pd

Numri i masës119
numri i neutroneve73
relative atomic mass
118,923341138 ± 0,000008854 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
920 ± 80 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1991
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

120Pd

Numri i masës120
numri i neutroneve74
relative atomic mass
119,924551745 ± 0,000002464 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
492 ± 33 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1993
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.7%

121Pd

Numri i masës121
numri i neutroneve75
relative atomic mass
120,928950342 ± 0,0000036 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
290 ± 1 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)0.8%

122Pd

Numri i masës122
numri i neutroneve76
relative atomic mass
121,930631693 ± 0,000021 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
193 ± 5 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)2.5%

123Pd

Numri i masës123
numri i neutroneve77
relative atomic mass
122,935126 ± 0,0008475 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
108 ± 1 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1994
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)10%

124Pd

Numri i masës124
numri i neutroneve78
relative atomic mass
123,937305 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
88 ± 15 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1997
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)17%

125Pd

Numri i masës125
numri i neutroneve79
relative atomic mass
124,942072 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
60 ± 6 ms
Spini3/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2008
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)12%

126Pd

Numri i masës126
numri i neutroneve80
relative atomic mass
125,944401 ± 0,000429 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
48,6 ± 0,8 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2008
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)22%

127Pd

Numri i masës127
numri i neutroneve81
relative atomic mass
126,949307 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
38 ± 2 ms
Spini11/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)19%
2n (2-neutron emission)

128Pd

Numri i masës128
numri i neutroneve82
relative atomic mass
127,952345 ± 0,000537 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
35 ± 3 ms
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2010
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)

129Pd

Numri i masës129
numri i neutroneve83
relative atomic mass
128,959334 ± 0,000644 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
31 ± 7 ms
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2015
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)100%
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

130Pd

Numri i masës130
numri i neutroneve84
relative atomic mass
129,964863 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
0
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini0
nuclear quadrupole moment
0
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2018
parity+

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)

131Pd

Numri i masës131
numri i neutroneve85
relative atomic mass
130,972367 ± 0,000322 Da
g-factor
natural abundance
Radioaktivitet☢️ radioactive element
half-life
Spini7/2
nuclear quadrupole moment
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes2018
parity-

decay modeintensitet
β (β decay)
β n (β-delayed neutron emission)
2n (2-neutron emission)
Palladium 1-noReflection

historia

zbuluesWilliam Wollaston
vendndodhja e zbulimitEngland
koha e zbulimit apo shpikjes1803
EtimologjiaNamed after the asteroid, Pallas, discovered in 1803.
pronunciationpeh-LAY-di-em (anglisht)

burim

Abundance
Abundance in Earth's crust
0,015 mg/kg
natural abundance (Oqeani)
natural abundance (Trupi i njeriut)
natural abundance (meteoroid)
0,000066 %
natural abundance (Diell)
0,0000003 %
Abundance in Universe
0,0000002 %

Nuclear Screening Constants

1s0.9411
2p4.07
2s12.1172
3d14.5489
3p16.9804
3s16.7788
4d32.3824
4p28.2768
4s27.014